Ancient Scissor Knife (Katar) – Weird Weapons of India

 

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an ancient Indian weapon called Katar . There are many interesting details about the origin and types of Katar. I met this gentleman called Jayesh Kumar Pandian who is a collector of antique weapons and he has an extraordinary collection of these Katars. The word Katar actually comes from Tamil language kattari, which means a dagger or a push knife.

These daggers are short and cannot be used for slashing, but they were used for stabbing people. One good thrust will send the dagger through the body and the edge will come out through the other end.  The main difference between most daggers and the Indian Katar is the H-shaped horizontal hand grip. When you hold this, you clench your fist as though you are ready to punch someone, and you make the exact motion like punching somebody. This design allows the fighter to put his whole weight into a thrust, and you can target the head or the upper body of the enemy. Since it is light and small, It is more like an extension of the fist than a dagger, and it seems more natural to attack and defend with a Katar.

A very interesting modification was made in later stages and this fancy weapon is called a Scissor Kattar.  You can see that that the blade is forked into two blades. And the hand grip has a lever, and when you  press the lever, the blades open up and there is a smaller blade inside. The idea is to stab someone and then when you press the lever, the blades will open up and tear the internal organs. But there was another deadly practice – on the tip of the inside blade, poison was smeared. So, when the Katar went inside someone’s body and the outer blades opened, the inner blade would come in direct contact with blood vessels and other organs, and, the poison would mix directly with the blood.

Remember, we are using an antique Kattar, which is at least a 100 years old. Imagine the damage a new weapon can create. Royal Katars were richly engraved and some even have gemstones placed on them. This one has tigers engraved on it, and even on the sides you can see this tiger chasing a deer. These figures have gold inlays on them. Now, some people claim that Katars were not native to India and were brought in during the last few centuries. Is this fabulous weapon really an ancient invention,  or was it just created a few centuries ago? To find the answer to this question, let us go to the ancient Srirangam temple, which is older than 2000 years. Here we can see ancient Indians using the Kattar in multiple sculptures.

It is quite fascinating to see that the design and stabbing style is still identical to what we see today. Some carvings even show the Kattar going into a man’s body and the edge coming out on the other side. Here, we can even see a fighting style which is focused on fighting with a pair of Katar, one in each hand. So, yes Kattar is in fact , an ancient weapon developed by Tamil people. There is an interesting story about how Katars were created. When the blades of long swords got broken, instead of throwing away the blade, they were modified and reused as Katars. Soldiers began using them as backup weapons.  The main advantage of a Katar is how it covers your knuckles and the wrist. The long handles on either side cover your hands and will protect them. There is a better version of this called the Patta Kattar or a Hooded Katar, which completely covers your hand. There is also another type called the Snake Kattar which has a curved, snake like  blade. Katars made of wood, were used during practice and training sessions.

Praveen Mohan

 

 

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Isurumuniya Cave – Ancient ULTRASONIC GATEWAY Found in Sri Lanka?

 

Hey guys, I am at the Isurumuniya temple in Sri Lanka, and it is a fascinating site with many beautiful statues, but there is an ancient structure which defies all explanation. This is a cave or a den like structure which is considered sacred by locals and if you visit this place, there are 2 reasons you will feel really weird about this. One, is the thousands of bats which are tightly packed inside and you don’t understand why you see such a large number of bats here. But there is another question which will run through your subconscious mind. Why do you see these bats in such a bright place? We never see bats in broad daylight. Actually bats don’t like light, their eyes are not adapted to this condition, in fact bats go so far to avoid flying on Full Moon nights because even that much light is too bright for them. So why do bats tolerate this well-lit area and hang around this place?

Locals believe that this den emits a magical sound which is not audible to human beings, but bats are mesmerized by this divine sound, which is why they stay here forever. This story seems like a fairy tale, but there is some strange coincidence between this folklore and modern scientific findings. Human beings can hear sounds only up to a frequency of 20 Khz and anything over 20Khz is called ultrasonic frequency and we are not capable of hearing such frequency. However, bats can hear ultrasonic frequencies up to 200 Khz.
Is it possible that this cave is emitting an ultrasonic frequency which attracts bats? How can a natural cave emit such a frequency?

Now, At first sight, we think this is a natural cave, but if you observe carefully we can see that it is not a natural structure at all. On the top, there is an arch neatly laid with stone slabs. You can see cubes cut out on the walls. There are several curvy lines carved all over the walls. And if we look carefully on the other side, and we can see small stone slabs placed on top of each other. According to legend, there is an ancient device concealed behind the stone wall which emits a magical sound capable of mesmerizing these bats. Is such a device possible? Scientists have recently discovered that it is in fact possible to make bats come to your location by emitting specific ultrasonic frequencies.
Bats do get attracted to these frequencies and will approach the source. What we see in the movie “Batman” is based on fact – so today, we do have such ultrasonic devices.

We know that this is not a natural cave. So, did ancient builders create some kind of ultrasonic device which is still hidden behind the wall, and if so, what does it look like?
Perhaps the device would looks like this strange carving, which is located less than half a mile away. This figure looks like a circuit diagram with complex symbols carved all over it. There is also a wave which looks remarkably similar to a sound wave. Is it possible that an actual device like this lays buried in the walls of the bat cave? This carving is known as ‘The Stargate of Sri Lanka’ and is considered as a device that can transport us to different planets.

What is even stranger is that, there is yet another similar cave nearby, popularly known as the Yoni. This Yoni is also considered a worm hole which can be activated using sound. Some people even claim that this a sonic boom tunnel. Again, it also looks like a natural cave, but it is not. On top, look at the rectangular slabs – they have been placed between the two large boulders. Let us go inside this cave, and we can see how neatly the stone slabs have been arranged. What were ancient builders trying to do? On the walls, we can see cubes cut out and we can also see long, deep cuts, just like the bat cave. Locals believe that there was a similar sound device placed here as well, which was destroyed many centuries ago. May be this is why there are no bats here.

On top of the granite blocks, we can see remnants of a brick structure. Today, we can see light shining from the other side, but perhaps it originally had a brick wall at the end, which had an ultrasonic device. These broken brick blocks strewn around may have been part of that wall. So what do you think? Did ultrasonic portals exist in ancient times? How else can we explain the strange behavior of bats, the advanced technical drawing of the Stargate, and the beautiful Yoni cave?

Praveen Mohan

World’s Largest Stone Tablet Reveals Advanced Ancient Technology – Gal Potha, Sri Lanka

Hey guys, I am in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka, and here we can see this gigantic stone artifact, it is nearly 27 feet long, four and a half feet wide and is made of one solid block of granite. There are many fascinating details about this, and archeologists in Sri Lanka have not fully studied its secrets. To start with, this is the largest, freestanding stone tablet in the world. It has 4300 characters written on it, most of which are still readable today even though it was created 800 years ago.  The original name of this is not known, but is referred to as “Gal Potha” which means a “Stone Book”. A few years ago, experts analyzed this rock and found something extraordinary. They found small traces of metal inside many of these inscribed letters and realized that molten metal was poured over this block. However, archeologists have no idea why this was done. Why would ancient builders create a large stone block with inscriptions and then pour molten metal over it? Today, we are going to find the answer to this question.

To understand this, I decided to make a small scale model of what the ancient builders would have done. Imagine that this red wooden block is the large granite rock. Now, I am punching my name on the face of the wooden block – this is similar to the inscriptions on the stone. After finishing the inscription, ancient workers poured molten metal over it, which would have solidified after some time. I decided to pour silicone paste on top of the writings and let’s just wait for it to solidify. Now, archeologists have no idea why molten metal was poured on top of it, but ancient builders must have clearly had a good reason to melt metal and pour on top of the rock. After a few hours, the silicone paste has solidified and now, what should  I do with this?

My natural instinct is to use some force and separate the silicone from the block. And when I looked at the face of the solidified silicone, I can see the mirror image of my name, at a raised level. This is really fantastic, this is what the ancient builders would have done. The next step would be to put some kind of ink on top of this and we can take any cloth and look at this, when I press the two together, I am able to print my name. Now, I can use this solidified silicone like a rubber stamp  to print any number of times, today this technology is called block printing. We still use this on clothes. But you can see that ancient builders were using this printing technique at least 800 years ago. After pouring molten metal on the rock and waiting for it to solidify, they would have taken the metal plate out and used it as a stamp and printed enormous number of posters, banners etc and posted it around the city.

But this raises an important question, what is the need to create the inscription on the rock, why not just create the embossed stamp on the metal directly? Because, the stone tablet was created as a master template with which many stamps or dies can be created. Using the stone tablet, many metal dies would have been created by repeatedly pouring molten metal and then taking the solidified plates out. These metal plates would have been transported to various parts of Sri Lanka, and people would have then used large cloths as banners and created thousands of banners and would have placed them in nooks and corners. This centralized template system eliminates the possibility of spelling mistakes and grammatical errors that can creep in, if individual metal plates were created separately.

Today governments use printers and are able to create a large number of propaganda material and post them to the nook and corner to influence or even brainwash people. What does the ancient inscription contain? It also contains 800 year old government propaganda, if you look at what is written on it, it explains how the King must be respected and protected at all cost, it also warns people if they go against the king or reveal his secrets they would be dead. It establishes a strict set of rules to be followed by everyone in his kingdom, this is why he created a centralized template which could be used in various parts of Sri Lanka.

So, archeologists are wrong in thinking that this is just an inscription for visitors to read. And they are also wrong about something much more important. They haven’t analyzed the traces of molten metal on top of the rock, and have simply assumed that this metal is iron. This is impossible, because the melting point of iron is much higher than that of granite. If I pour molten iron on top of granite, the granite would actually melt and deform. The builders did not use iron, they used an alloy called Ayas mentioned in the ancient Hindu text called the Rig Veda.

And you may think: This is Sri lanka, not India, and this was created by a Buddhist king, not a follower of Hinduism. The truth is, Buddhists were actually Hindus, all these separations were created after European invasion. This is not just a theory, because yes this was created by a  Buddhist king, but we can clearly see the Hindu Goddess Lakshmi carved on both sides of the tablet. This is called Gajalakshmi where the Goddess is being flanked by elephants on both sides. And in ancient Hindu temples in India, we can see carvings of Lord Buddha. So the idea that Buddhism was a totally separate religion did not exist in ancient times.

So you can see how ancient builders were using extraordinary printing technology, they first cut a large granite stone block which is 27 feet tall, carefully wrote on it, and then created the alloy Ayas and poured it on top of the rock. They created metal stamps and sent them to various parts of the island and then printed thousands of identical banners all across the country and placed them everywhere.

Praveen Mohan