Hey guys, today we are going to look at an extraordinary artifact known as “Magic Krishna” , this is currently displayed at the Chennai Museum in India. This weird looking item is about 300 years old, and it looks like it is made of plastic, but is made completely out of clay. The specialty of this container is that, it defies the law of gravity and the laws of physics. Now, I am going to demonstrate how this jar defies the laws of nature. On the bottom, we can clearly see that there is a hole right at the center and if you pour water on the top, the water should normally drain through the bottom hole. However, when we pour water at the top, you can see that the water does not leak through the bottom hole. Instead, the water level slowly rises as you pour more water, and once the water touches the feet of this idol, the water somehow magically starts draining through the bottom hole.
But it does not stop, the entire water completely drains out of the container. This does not make any sense at all, this defies the laws of nature. Normally, when there is a hole at the bottom, the water should begin draining immediately as we pour water on the top. This will happen due to gravity, but this is an anti-gravity jar, so the water doesn’t come out through the hole. And here is the second problem: the water doesn’t drain even when we fill it halfway, and it appears as though it begins draining as we add more and more weight of water. If this is the case, the hole must stop draining as the water comes down to half level. We expect that only a certain amount of water would drain.
But somehow, when the water touches the idol’s feet, the water begins draining and it drains out everything completely. How does this happen? Is this some kind of a magic jar? Is this why it is safely kept behind glass doors in a Museum? Yes, it is in fact a Magic Jar, and this is the idol of Lord Krishna, a Magical Indian God. Archeologists confirm that this is a rare artifact, and only one such container exists in all of India.
In ancient times, magic jars like these were used in many temples and an interesting story was told while giving a demonstration and I am going to tell you that story now. About 5000 years ago, Lord Krishna was born, and his uncle wanted to kill him immediately. So in an attempt to save his life, baby Krishna was secretly taken away by his father, who decided to carry him across the river Yamuna. As his father was crossing the river, the water level began rising. His Father begged the river to subside, but the water level kept on rising. But when the river Yamuna finally touched Lord Krishna’s feet, it completely drained out and became dry, so the Father and Son could cross the river safely. The river Yamuna later revealed that it wanted to desperately touch Lord Krishna’s feet and get his blessings. So, this is why the water level keeps rising until it touches Krishna’s feet and once it touches his feet, everything will drain out.
So, how does it really work? I decided to recreate this magic jar and here you can see that I have built a rectangular tank and at the bottom, there is a hole. On the top, I have built a similar cylindrical structure and I have glued an idol of Lord Krishna, hoping that the water will behave similarly. And as I keep pouring water, the water does not drain through the bottom hole, because water naturally wants to touch Krishna’s feet but watch carefully when the water touches Lord Krishna’s feet, all the water begins magically draining out, leaving the container empty. Now, the key to this is hidden underneath this cylinder, it does not have a complex valve system or anything like that, all we need is a U-tube or a U-bend set up inside the container. One of the bends fits into the hole , and the other leg is set up very close to the floor of the tank. Now, if I pour water, nothing happens until the water touches the bend, water will not drain through the bottom hole. But once that level is reached, which is where the Krishna’s feet would be strategically placed, the water will begin draining, but it won’t stop until everything gets completely drained out. Scientists call this a Siphon.
What you saw in the museum was only about 300 years old, but it is believed that the very first magic jar with the same principle was created at the time of Krishna, who lived about 5000 years ago. Ancient India is known for making these anti-gravity or magic containers – in a previous video I showed you another jar which defies the law of gravity, it is known as Karigiri Jar. It does not have a mouth but it has holes on both top and bottom, but the water does not come out through the top or bottom holes, you can only get the water out through the designated spout.
In the western world, a container similar to the ‘Magic Krishna’ was designed about 2500 years ago, by Pythagoras. Yes, this is the same Pythagoras, the guy who proved that the sum of the squares of 2 sides is equal to the square of the hypotenuse. This is called a Pythagoras Cup. I have made a simple model of this using a plastic cup and a straw. He used these cups to tell a completely different story. Pythagoras would give these empty cups to his friends and they could all pour wine and drink from these cups. However, if someone got too greedy and decided to completely fill the cup, the entire cup would become empty. So, the moral of the Pythagoras’s cup was not to be greedy, and always try to keep a fair share and not get too much. If you try to get everything, you will end up getting nothing. And you can also simply rename this as Magic Krishna as well, if we conceal the straw and place an idol of Krishna here, it will not drain the liquid until it reaches a certain height… And once it reaches a certain height, which would be the same spot where Krishna’s feet would be set up, all the liquid will drain out completely.
I have heard a slightly different Hindu Story, which will give you a different result in the Magic Krishna jar. While river Yamuna is considered a devotee of Lord Krishna, the river Ganga is said to be a devotee of Lord Shiva. And Yamuna is represented by water, but Ganga is actually represented by Mercury, liquid mercury. In Indian alchemy, mercury is considered as Lord Shiva’s body fluid. And if we mix Ganga and Yamuna in this container, will it still give us the same output? If I pour mercury and water side by side, can Krishna do his magic? Ganga is considered as the holiest river, and also has magical properties and Ganga only worships Shiva, and not Krishna. So, when we add Ganga or mercury along with Water, we can see that the ‘Magic Krishna’ does not work. Even though we have filled this container up, the mercury and water are not draining. Why?
Because Yamuna or Water does not have enough power to move Ganga or mercury, up the siphon. Of course Ganga is the heaviest of all rivers, I mean mercury is the heaviest of all liquids. And the only way to make this work with mercury is by adding pure mercury, all the way to the top. And of course, you can see how ancient Hindus were talking about science purely using symbolic names. It is very fascinating to see that ancient Indians understood the laws of physics, gravity and siphon and they always had a strange way of mixing religion and science. Remember I showed you the inverted shadow of a tower in a temple at Hampi, which is also based on laws of physics. India is full of these weird artifacts and carvings which use a combination of religion and science to create quote on quote “Magic”.