Oldest Weapon in the World? Madu / Maduvu – Capable of Attack and Defense

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an ancient Indian weapon called Madu. Most ancient weapons like swords or knives are used for attacking, and some devices like shields are used for defending, but this weapon is unique because it combines both attack and defense. This is a very effective melee weapon. Now, what’s a melee? We usually think of battles as an organized fight between 2 sides which have these perfect formations, however when the actual fighting begins, all hell breaks loose, and you are engaged in close combat fighting with many people at a time. This kind of confused fight in close combat is called a melee. So, in an actual fight like this, it is wise to have one weapon you can use for both attacking and defending. Better yet, you can parry a thrust from one enemy, and kill another enemy using this same weapon. Even if you lose your sword in a fight, the Madu will be a very effective weapon for attack and defense. Because if you lose your sword and are just holding a shield, you cannot attack your enemy. In India, soldiers preferred the Maduvu instead of a regular shield.

So what is a Madu made of? A Madu typically consists of two antelope horns pointing in opposite directions. Specifically, the horns of an Indian antelope known as black buck were used to make Madus. These black bucks have the strangest shape of horns.. they are spiral and they also have ridges. I mean you can see right away that the horns of this animal are quite deadly, they can pierce through your body and cause a very deep wound. And these 2 horns are connected at the center by 2 cross bars which are also used as handles. If you look carefully, the crossbars extend beyond the horns and on one side it actually connects to a shield. And on the front side, you can see these dots, and on the other side, we can see how the cross bars are set up so they won’t come out. These Madus you are looking at are original antique pieces which are a few hundred years old, collected by my friend Jayesh. It is really interesting to see Islamic symbols like the crescent placed on top of these shields.

When Arabs and Mongols came to India, they were fascinated by the efficiency of Madu, so they immediately started using them. They employed other animals like cheetah to hunt the black buck and then used the horns to make Madu. The shields were mostly made out of metal, but this shield is made of leather. In the Middle East, this weapon is referred to as “Fakir Horns”. Some even tried to enhance the Madus , they began making Madus which are entirely made of metal, you can see this is completely made of metal. While original madus simply used the horns natural sharpness, some made it even more deadly, pointy metal caps were added to the tips of the horns to make them stronger and sharper.

Now, let’s go into the origin of this weapon. This weapon originated in South India, the word Maduvu means “a device that causes a deep hole” in Tamil language, and you can see why it has been named this way, it does put a deep hole through the body of the enemy. There is a simpler form of this weapon which is not only considered the original form of Madu, but also the oldest weapon in the world. This weapon does not have a shield at all and is just made of 2 horns and a fastener which holds them together.
If you think about it, it could be one of the oldest weapons in the world because unlike most ancient weapons which use metal, this is made entirely out of animal horns. This weapon could be made with no technology, no tools are needed, and no shaping or processing is required, we can just tie two antelope horns together and use it. So when a deer or antelope dies, all they had to do was pull out the horns and just use them as weapons. In essence, this is a weapon from nature itself, and primitive men must have started using this first because it does not need any other tools. Most other weapons like swords must have come much later, because you would need to mine or extract metals from the earth to make swords or daggers. And no sharpening tools are required either, because the horns are naturally very sharp.

This is still used today as a weapon in South India, there are elaborate training sessions dedicated to Madu fighting alone. In fact a person trained in this, can successfully defend and defeat an enemy who uses a much longer weapon, like a stick or a sword. This weapon also has the advantage of being compact and we can carry this secretly, and then surprise your enemy by pulling it out. Today’s double bladed daggers with a center handle are actually inspired by this type of Madu.

Praveen Mohan

Secret Pyramids Discovered in Sigiriya, Sri Lanka?


Hey guys, today we are going to find out what really existed in this ancient site called Sigiriya, in Sri Lanka. Sigiriya is a giant rock, on top of which, we have some of the most baffling ruins. The official story about these ruins is this: these brick walls are remnants of a palace built by a King called Kasyapa, around 500.A.D – all archeologists and historians claim that this is a fact. But, by the end of this video, I hope you will agree with me that this is entirely false and a very unique structure was built on this site. For example, let us look at the largest brick structure here, this area is considered as a palace by experts and the rest of structures are thought of as a recreational garden, including a pool. The dimensions of this so called palace are about 60 feet in length and 30 feet in width. This means that the palace area is less than 2000 square feet, just too small to be a palace which cannot even accommodate 10 rooms.

Now if we assume that this is just a really tiny palace for the king, what about his wives and servants? Where are the rooms for cooking, storage and bathrooms? What about the rooms for his soldiers, priests and ministers? Where did his guards rest? As you can see, this entire area is a very small place which could have definitely not accommodated a king’s Palace. Archeologists have put plaques on all 4 sides of this area, claiming that these are 4 sides of the palace. Look at this plaque, it says West Palace, meaning this is the west side of the palace. We can also see other plaques like South Palace, and one even says Palace Reception Hall. Today, this entire structure would barely be sufficient for a medium size house.

And we have already seen that the ancient builders created an elaborate defense system using water and rocks to prevent anyone from reaching the top of Sigiriya. There is no need to go to great lengths to build an entire line of defense systems which stretches for miles at the ground level, only to protect a tiny palace on top of a tall rock. In fact, this entire area or summit is simply not fit for any residential purpose like a home or palace, this was built for a completely different and specific purpose. If it was not built as a palace, what really existed here?

Now, Look at the construction of the bricks at the corners and edges. This was definitely not a rectangular construction like a typical palace or a fort, the walls of most regular structures would be at 90 degrees to the ground. If we observe carefully, we can understand this was once a pyramid. Look carefully..do you see how, the bricks are slowly becoming narrow towards the top? This is a characteristic feature of a any pyramid, all pyramids have a broad base and will become narrow towards the top. And you can see this slope from any side of this building , all these brick structures are slowly becoming narrow towards the top. So, this was definitely a pyramid but it gets more interesting, there is yet another special feature. This is a stepped pyramid, A pyramid which has many levels or steps. Look at here, here and here, these are all steps of the pyramid and you can see the stairs to climb the pyramid here. See how we can literally walk on these large plain levels. The entire structure consists of several of these steps.

And I am not spinning theories like mainstream archeologists and historians, I am showing you visual evidence of this stepped pyramid, this is the front view of the pyramid and we can even climb this step pyramid and let us go all the way to the top. Of course, a major top portion of the pyramid must have been destroyed, for some unknown reason. This is the existing top level and the alignment of these bricks is just weird. For some strange reason, they are not straight, they are laid with curves, like the body of a snake. There must be a reason for this, and I have no idea why this was necessary. I mean, the ancient builders definitely knew how to make perfect alignments, look at these perfect angles, and they were able to create many things which are impossible today. So why did they lay these bricks like snakes? I hope I can find the answer to this question someday.

Now, I have clearly shown you what was built on top of Sigiriya, it was not a Palace, it was a stepped pyramid. Now, around the world, there are many stepped pyramids, this is the Saqqara Pyramid in Egypt built more than 4700 years ago. We have stepped pyramids in Mexico, some Indian temples are also step pyramids and similar structures also existed in ancient Sumerian civilization. The top half of the pyramid is completely destroyed – Which means there is no way to find out how the original, full pyramid really looked like. But I am not done yet. This is an extraordinary find, we have just found out that a stepped pyramid was built in Sri Lanka on top of a 660 foot tall rock. And I am not going to make wild guesses. So, how do we find out what the full pyramid really looked like?

In all civilizations, you will find similar looking structures built in the nearby area. For example, you don’t find one Egyptian pyramid in the whole country, we find several pyramids, and we don’t find one Hindu tower, there are similar structures always built nearby. Based on this practical idea, I decided to hunt for another stepped pyramid in Sri Lanka. And after a few days of searching, I found exactly that, in the ancient city of Polonnaruwa.

You can see right away that this is a perfect match for the Pyramid at Sigiriya. It is a stepped pyramid, and this is also built with bricks and even the lime mortar set between the bricks looks similar to what is on Sigiriya. This base also has 4 sides, the quadrangle base is identical to that of Sigiriya. It even has stairs going up on the sides. So this is exactly how the Great Pyramid at Sigiriya would have looked before it got destroyed, and this pyramid is just a smaller version of it. But this small pyramid is considered the most mysterious structure in all of Sri Lanka. Why? Because experts don’t know who built it, why it was built, and they don’t even know its real name. They have recently named it as Sathmahal Prasada which simply means a 7 storied structure. Experts confirm that while they have historical records about all the structures nearby, there is no record for this structure at all. This is unusual in an area where there are plenty of records for all the other structures.

Not only are the tourists puzzled by this unusual architecture, even experts are baffled at its construction, archeologists have it on record that this is the only ancient pyramid in Sri Lanka. The construction is completely different from any other ancient site in Sri Lanka. But there is another serious anomaly here, the faces of all statues in this pyramid have been defaced or disfigured. Initially I thought this was because of natural forces like rain and wind, but when I carefully examined all sides, the identity of these statues was deliberately destroyed, this head was intentionally chopped off, and these faces purposefully defaced just like what they did in Egypt. Someone in the past wanted to intentionally destroy the true identity of the builder, and the true origin of this pyramid.
So, I tried to go into this pyramid to find out if any statues are left intact inside the pyramid.

However, archeologists have completely sealed off all the entrances, and there are guards who strictly prevent anyone from entering the pyramid. They claim that this structure is simply too old, and if anyone walks in, the entire pyramid might collapse. I have asked locals if they know anything about what is inside, and nobody has gone inside and no one has any interesting stories. I hope someday I can get permission to go in, and find out more. So, we know a very ancient civilization existed in Sri Lanka, which built pyramids. At least 2 of these pyramids are still partially surviving, one in Polonnaruwa and another gigantic one in Sigiriya. Why were these pyramids built? Are there more ancient pyramids in Sri Lanka? Are they related to the rest of the Pyramids around the world? And most importantly, was there an ancient connection between Sri Lanka and Egypt? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan