Highlights of Ancient Ramappa Temple, Telangana

Hey guys, today I am going to show you the highlights of this brilliant ancient temple, known as Ramappa temple which is said to be at least 800 years old. This is located in a remote village and strangely, the temple is named after the craftsman who designed the temple, his name was Ramappa, according to folklore.

The first thing that you see is this tall tower. The tower is very special, it is made of floating bricks, yes if you take a brick out of this tower and put it in water, it will float, instead of sinking like regular bricks. This is one of such bricks from the temple. How did they create this kind of technology in ancient times and why? I have already explained this in a previous video. Because of this floating rock technology, it was recently nominated to the UNESCO world heritage site.

When you look at the ceiling, you see these  strange  patterns, these small hemispherical protrusions. There is a reason for this,  in ancient Hindu temples, every little thing was made with a reason. But I am not gonna tell you what it is, please leave your thoughts in the comment section. You can see how the different slabs are perfectly fit together, and the first time you see it, you realize that it is not perfect, you can see some gaps between the slabs. Why is it not perfectly fit? Well, let us  go in and see why these gaps exist.

Once you enter, you realize that this temple has been hit by a powerful earthquake. The floor shows several plinth beams popped out from under the ground. This is why the floor looks like this, believe it or not, the earthquake actually flattened everything nearby but the temple has only undergone minor damage. Now you realize why these gaps were formed in the ceilings of the temple. This is the effect of the earthquake. I will tell you more about the temple, but first let us go into the main chamber and see what’s inside.

Though main sanctum is elaborately designed on the outside, your eyes are naturally drifting to what’s inside. As we go towards the sanctum, there is a beautiful cylindrical lingam which appears to be made of shiny black basalt, polished to a mirror finish, but it could be made of geopolymer. What’s more interesting is the base: there are multiple striations and grooves cut on the base, looks like this whole thing was machined with high tech equipment. Remember, the main chamber is called the Sanctum Sanctorum, nobody is allowed to enter that chamber except the priest, so there is no way to examine this lingam. I am standing in the ante chamber. The lingam has a golden arch set up over it. It is quite dark here, but the main lingam looks illuminated.

Now, let us examine the carvings just outside the sanctum. Normally, the main deity will be protected by 2 male guardians called Dwarapalakas, but here we have 2 females guardians on either side of the entrance. Today, the Indian traffic system is based on the British model, we keep to the left side. But in ancient India, people always used the right side. You enter from the right and look how this female doorkeeper greets you with a Namaste. After you finish absorbing the energy from the lingam, when you go out, the other girl will give you a banana, a standard Hindu custom for anyone who leaves the place. This is the famous image of Krishna playing flute. Look how is touching a tree. Now,  If you tap on this tree, you will get different tones of music, proof of ancient technology.

The pillars of this temple are insanely decorated. The artistic appeal is just incredible. Here you can see some dancers. But notice how some of the dancers are sharing their legs, these 3 dancers should be having a total of 6 legs, but instead they have only 4 legs, and it creates an interesting optical illusion. Ancient Indian Temples have a unique way of blending art and science, to create a magical effect.

The carvings here are actually quite small, but they are all in 3D, not 2D. What this means is that you can see that the legs are carved like actual legs, there is space behind them, you can put your finger behind the legs. Carvings something like this is not easy, if these are carvings at all. I don’t know if they were molded, they look like these were made by melting rocks and casting them, like wax. There is more evidence of this, here you can see a rock, bent like a piece of rubber. This is very clear that it was bent. But rocks don’t bend, they are supposed to break, which makes me wonder, what kind of technology did ancient builders use? How did they accomplish this?

What’s crazier than these pillars? The ceiling blocks which appear to have cymatic designs. This is just mind boggling, because the details are just too much to grasp. I could spend hours explaining the ceiling features alone but I will just show you one block, so you can see what kind of details are implemented.

In the center, this is a protruding panel which is hanging in 3D. On it, you can see a dancing Shiva. There is a rhombus shape around it, where you have 4 main deities along with sub-deities, and there is another square around it, where you have 4 more deities, also with sub-deities. These are called Ashtadik Palakas, the guardians of 8 directions. There are also 4 rectangles outside, each one telling a different story of Shiva. You can see all the other characters from these stories as well. But it does not stop there, there are 4 more rectangles outside this too, which tell  more stories of Shiva. So, in just one panel, there are more than a 100 deities, all of them are still identifiable, after 800 years.  I am too tired even to explain the gods and what they do here , but imagine how hard it must have been to carve them. There is a lot more stuff I could show you inside the temple, but let us go outside, because there are some really crazy things we can see on the outside as well.

Look at these carvings… what we see are crazy scenes from ancient wrestling fights. Look at the various types of locks and positions these carvings are showing. This means that these kind of sports existed at least 800 years ago in India, even though I believe that this temple is much older. Look at this carving, see how the guy on top has completely dominated the guy on the bottom, making him impossible to move. But what’s more interesting? We can even see a referee standing nearby, giving a point, just like what we see in today’s wrestling games.

In the outside wall, there are plenty of carvings which show dancing women, various animals,  Hindu gods, etc but there are two carvings carved side by side, which stand out. The first one is a figure which holds a shield and a sword. The second one is the same figure but it is shown completely unclad with very long arms, his arms are going below his knees. What is the story behind this? He is Bahubali, the popular jain God who renounces war and becomes a monk. His long ears and arms confirm that he is Bahubali, but why is this carved in a Hindu Temple? Because in ancient India, all religions co-existed quite peacefully, this is why we see Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples , all carved together in places like Ellora caves for example.

Another fascinating thing is the elephants carved on the walls. There are a total of 526 elephants carved, and locals claim that no 2 elephant carvings look alike. But I think, this is an exaggeration, the elephants, just like the female guardians are actually telling us how to go around the temple. If you do not know how to go around the temple, just follow the elephants. Walk where the elephants walk, and stand and pray to Gods, where the elephants pray to Gods. If you understand symbolism, you will understand ancient India.

Praveen Mohan


India’s Most Haunted: Coonoor Cemetery. Extreme Ghost Hunting

Tonight, we try Ghost Hunting in the Haunted Coonoor Cemetery. Do not try this at Home or any cemetery.

Praveen Mohan

Secret Weapon of Indian Kings – Bagh Nakh aka Tiger Claws

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a very interesting Indian weapon called Bagh Nakh which means Tiger’s Claws. What you see here is an original antique piece, this Tiger Claws was in use more than 100 years ago. It has 5 claws and 2 rings, so you can basically slide the rings on your fingers and keep the claws within your palm.  Here is a demonstration of how it works, I am holding a cardboard, so it does not cut my body. It almost looks like he is slapping me with his bare hands, but he is in fact making a deep wound on my body. It does

not seem like an effective weapon, but when you look at the card board, you realize that it can cause serious damage. In fact, we can even see the tear marks come out on the other side of the card board. So, it is a deadly weapon, and like I said this is an antique piece with blunted tips, so imagine using a brand new Bagh Nakh, this could be fatal.

Like I told you, the name Bagh nakh means Tiger Claws. Why the name Tiger Claws? Because Tigers have retractable claws, they are capable of pulling in or pulling out their claws at will. If you look at the anatomy of a tiger paw, it is quite interesting, because the claws, which are about 3 to 4 inches long,  are actually invisible most of the time. Look, I mean this looks quite harmless, but the sharp claws only come out when the Tiger wants to attack you.. This is why this weapon is called Tiger Claws because you can wear this weapon in your hand, and no one will know about it, until you attack them.

This weapon would be perfect for a Ninja. A Ninja is typically a covert agent, who engages in surprise attacks and deception. The Bagh Nakh has actually become a modern day weapon of choice for Ninjas. We can find simplified Tiger Claws sold on Amazon.com and other websites for Ninjas. The Tiger Claws use and deception has captured the imagination of the western world, which is why it was featured on TV shows like Forged in Fire.

All this sounds pretty fancy, but can the Tiger Claws really be used as an efficient Stealth weapon?  Yes, and we have historical evidence of how this weapon changed Indian history.  In 1659, about 360 years ago, two great Kings were having a meeitng in order to settle things diplomatically. One was Shivaji and the other was Afzal Khan, but it was well known that Afzal Khan had the practice of calling other kings for diplomatic talks, and would then assassinate them during the meeting. King Shivaji, went to the meeting pretending to be completely unarmed, but had the Tiger Claws in his hand. Afzal Khan was a giant, he was 6 foot 7 inches tall and Shivaji was just 5 and a half feet tall. Afzal Khan embraced Shivaji and used a dagger to stab Shivaji, but to his surprise, he realized that Shivaji wore an armor underneath his clothes, which saved him. Shivaji immediately used the tiger claws and completely disemboweled Afzal Khan. Afzal Khan died due to heavy bleeding because of the Tiger claws. So yes, Tiger claws are very good stealth weapons and can be used effectively to attack and even kill an enemy.

One brilliant thing about Indian weapons is that many of them are designed based on nature, inspired by animals. Remember I showed you a weapon called Madu in a previous video, which is based on horns of black buck.

Tiger claws have several modifications as well. Some of them have knives attached to them, these knives are called Bichuwa, which means the Sting of a scorpion. Yes, they are modeled after the sting in the scorpion’s tail. Some of these Bichuwas are also foldable, so these type of weapons can be carried in complete stealth mode.  Of course, there are other designs of these tiger claws which are not for stealth mode at all. For example, this design is worn over the hands, and cannot be hidden at all.

Although Tiger Claws were used all over India, it was particularly used by Maratha kings, who wore them even during sleep. This weapon was perfect, because it is small, it can be concealed and it can give a fatal blow to the enemy.

When Europeans came to India, their social behavior made it impossible for Indians to use these Tiger Claws. British officers insisted on first having a hand shake with Indian Kings, making it impossible to have tiger claws hidden inside your palm. Before the arrival of Europeans, Indian kings would typically do a Namaste pose to each other, which was ideal for concealing the weapon and then do a surprise attack. But after Europeans came into the picture, Bagh Nakhs slowly started becoming obsolete and now, they are no longer used as weapons in India.

Praveen Mohan

India’s Secret Space Travel Mission – Based on Ancient Vimana Technology?

Hey guys, today I am going to explore India’s recent space travel missions, and how the country’s current space technology is somehow deeply related to its ancient technology. Let us take a look at this video, this is from the Indian Space Research Organization known as ISRO and it shows the latest video of the Mars Orbiter Assembly. And here, look at the shape of this : This is a lingam which acts as a base to the entire assembly. This is the Payload structure, a very important part and why is it designed like a lingam? Compare this with the lingam we see in Indian temples, this is the main structure worshipped in most Hindu temples. It is considered a representation of Shiva, but nobody knows why this shape has been worshipped for thousands of years in India.

So, what does a lingam actually represent?  Think about this, we are planning to put a man on Mars in 2025, just 6 years from now. ISRO will be putting an astronaut inside a structure like this Lingam, and send it over to Mars. And then, an astronaut would come out of a lingam on the surface of Mars, right? Here is the shocking part: such carvings are already portrayed in ancient Hindu temples. Look how this astronaut is clearly coming out of a lingam. Look at how he is wearing an elongated helmet, this is a repeating motif and it is definitely not for beauty, this is a protective helmet, and of course you can see several wires around his body, and his tools and weapons are quite advanced. Who is this astronaut? It is Lord Shiva.  In Hinduism, this motif is called Lingodhbhava, ancient texts confirm that yes Shiva indeed came to earth from a planet called Shivalokha, and he comes out of a Lingam, a pod, a space pod very similar to what India has built now.

Is this a coincidence? Or is India recreating ancient technology based on ancient Indian texts? India has thousands of texts locked away, and the information we find in these texts is just insane. Look at this passage written 1000 years ago  “Inside the circular air frame, place the mercury-engine with its solar mercury boiler at the aircraft center. By means of the power latent in the heated mercury which sets the driving whirlwind in motion, a man sitting inside may travel a great distance in the most marvelous manner.” This is an exact translation from an ancient text called ‘Samarangana Sutradhara’. Undoubtedly, it is talking about a mercury vortex engine. Even more interesting, NASA is using mercury vortex engines, and now ISRO is also said to be developing mercury vortex engines.

Is it possible, that the Indian Government is actually trying to re-create ancient technology mentioned in Hindu texts? In recent years, India is undergoing rapid development in space research. In other countries, science is considered an antithesis of religion, but in India, religion shows up all the time in science. This is Nasa’s Apollo, the rocket taking off from the earth to reach the Moon. Nothing strange, right? But here is India’s latest launch of chandrayaan-2, to reach the moon. Is this a coincidence or is the entire launch modeled after Shiva’s Cosmic Dance? If you look at the similarity, this is just weird, is it a coincidence that this is designed like that? The same figure of Shiva’s Cosmic Dance is also placed on the site where the “God Particle” was produced. This is in Switzerland, where there is a Large Hadron Collider, and the God Particle is considered a breakthrough in science, where an elementary particle is produced by Quantum excitation. Shortly after the God Particle was made, The idol of Shiva’s Cosmic Dance was placed there. Nobody knows why. What is an Indian God doing in Switzerland?  How is this even related to the God Particle?

Perhaps we could come to a conclusion if we see what is going on inside the Large Hadron Collider, this is from  the particle accelerator. Look at this picture which shows how the God Particle is produced because of collisions between protons. This is very similar to the Cosmic Dance of Shiva.

Of course, the Large Hadron Collider itself may have been designed from ancient technology. In the temple of Ranakpur, there is something mind-boggling. On the ceiling, there is an identical carving of this collider, done many centuries ago, even though the Collider itself was only created very recently. Look at the similarity, this is just insane. Was the Large Hadron Collider, designed based on ancient knowledge?

Are Governments secretly decoding ancient Indian texts? In 1938, Hitler sent an expedition to examine ancient texts of India and Tibet. It is clearly established that the team copied many ancient manuscripts, and took this information back to Germany. During this time, Germany saw an extraordinary growth in technology, especially flight technology, like the making of the Nazi Bell. This device was a very advanced, it had UFO like flying technology.  Many have openly claimed that this device was a result of Hitler’s recreation of ancient technology of the Vimanas. The Vimanas are flying aircraft and spacecraft and their designs and capabilities are mentioned multiple times in Vedic texts.

But the question is, after the defeat of Germany in World War II, did this practice stop?  Or, are governments continuously trying to re-create lost technology mentioned in ancient texts?  Is India’s space mission somehow related to Space and Vimana Technology mentioned in these texts? Or is this all a mere coincidence?

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Free Energy Device Re-created? Original Bhaskara’s Wheel

Hey guys, I finally managed to build a perpetual motion device, or a free energy device based on the ancient Indian design by Bhaskara. On the internet, you will mostly see this model, where bottles are attached to the circumference of a wheel, filled with water. But this is not the actual Bhaskara’s design. I built the Bhaskara’s wheel based on the original design by Bhaskara. Now what this has, is that it has hollow tubes for spokes and inside these tubes Bhaskara wants us to fill mercury. Now I am going to demonstrate how this perpetual motion device actually works. And I do have mercury so stay tuned and watch till the end of the video and let me know what do you think.

Now, Who is this Bhaskara?  Bhaskara also known as Bhaskara the Learned, is an ancient Indian mathematician as well as an astronomer, who lived about 900 years ago. He was the very first person to think of a perpetual motion machine, a wheel that would run forever. He also made several key discoveries including the principles of differential calculus, 500 years before Isaac Newton.

 He realized that in this setup, the liquid would keep moving inside, leaving one side of the wheel perpetually heavier than the other, turning the wheel forever. But why do we need a wheel that runs forever?

 If we can invent anything that can run forever, then we could get free energy. Today we are buying energy from external sources, but what if there is a machine which can run on its own, then we can tap into it, and make light bulbs glow or run fans, without paying for electricity. This is why devices like the Bhaskara’s wheel are called Free Energy Devices. Sometimes, they are also known as Overunity Devices because they operate at an efficiency of more than 100%.  If we make a device like this, we can get an unlimited supply of electricity.

Will Bhaskara’s wheel accomplish the job? Today, the internet is full of these wheels, where people claim that this is Bhaskara’s wheel. The design is quite simple. It has several bottles attached to the circumference of the wheel. These bottles are partially filled with water, I just added colors to it, so you can see it better. I made sure that the bottles are filled with exactly

the same amount of water now if I rotate, some people claim that this wheel will run forever. Let us see if this works. I have an online stopwatch, I am going to spin this wheel and start the stopwatch. Let’s see how long this will actually work?

So you can see that this wheel actually was spinning only for about a minute. Now, Of course this wheel is poorly balanced and this is not the prefect model. But still even if you made a perfectly balanced wheel, this wheel would have stopped anyway. Why?

Because this is not the actual Bhaskara’s Wheel. As you can see it stopped after, just about a minute, So does this prove that perpetual motion machines do not exist? No! This is not the Bhaskara’s wheel at all. This is not the Bhaskara’s design at all.

This is the Bhaskara’s original design. I have designed Bhaskara’s wheel as per Bhaskara’s original design. It is a well-balanced wheel and I have put bearings on it to reduce friction. The spokes are actually hollow tubes which can be filled with mercury and I will show how to make it run forever. But first, these tubes have been left empty and I am going to give it a spin and let’s watch how long this rotates. So I am starting the timer. And these tubes are empty but I am going to give it a spin and Let’s see how long this spin.

ok you can see that it stopped. As you can see this device ran for about 2 minutes. To make it into a free energy device, Bhaskara advices to add mercury in equal proportions into these tubes. So, I am going to use a syringe to take mercury out this container and put into these tubes and put them all in place. Why is this important? Because when I rotate the wheel, mercury would flow from one side of the spoke to another, making the wheel increase its motion. Why did Bhaskara decide to use mercury instead of water? Because mercury is very heavy liquid and has some magical properties and also does not stick to anything.

Ok now you can see that I have filled all the tubes and this is the last tube, but watch what happens as soon as I put in the last tube. This is going to be very interesting. As you can see, as soon as put in the mercury the wheels starts to spin by itself. This is the perpetual motion machine which will literally spin forever. Perpetual motion is actually confirmed by Newton’s First Law of Motion. Newton says ‘An object in motion will remain in motion, unless there is an external force.’ Think of planet earth and how long it has been continuously spinning without stopping. It has already been moving for more than 4.5 billion years. So, how does this wheel spin forever?

So, this is the secret! I put my hand behind it as soon as put the last tube and turned it like this. So this is how most of the perpetual machines on Youtube work. YouTube is full of videos which claim that they have created perpetual motion machines, but most of them, if not all of them are fake. They realized the best way to get free energy is by making fake videos and get adsense money to pay their power bill. That is free energy, if you think about it.

So why does the Bhaskara’s wheel not work? What really happens is that, moving parts make one side of the wheel heavy and shifts the center of mass downwards below what’s the center right now. So, with the change in the center of mass, the wheel just acts like a normal wheel, it will slow down and then swing like a pendulum before it finally stops.

About 500 years ago, Leonardo Da Vinci took the Bhaskara’s wheel and tried to create a perpetual motion machine. He added little balls inside the spokes instead of mercury. Of course, it is pretty easy to do this. All I have to do is add little metal balls inside the spokes. This is the Da Vinci’s attempt at making a perpetual motion machine, and of course this will also stop, it cannot run perpetually.

So, this is Da Vinci’s attempt at making a perpetual motion machine and of course you can see this will also stop. Of course, the Da Vinci’s attempt at making the perpetual motion machine also failed. This will also stop because it can not run perpetually.

Why? Because as far as we know, all Perpetual motion machines break the first and second laws of thermodynamics. This is almost like trying to charge a power bank with itself. Now, think about it? Did I just make a perpetual motion machine? Is it a free energy device? Am I able to charge the power bank using the power from the power bank itself?

Now, this is not to say we may never come up with an actual perpetual motion machine. Because we do not understand much about the Universe, and many of us have a closed mind which does not think of new possibilities. Think about it, before Wright brothers, a lot of scientists were convinced that anything heavier than air would never be able to fly in air. It sounds remarkably scientific, but some people do break these “Universal Laws” and then it becomes a matter of fact. For example, think about making a device powered by radioactive decay from an isotope with a really long half-life. If we make such a device, it will run for thousands of years.

We already have something called the Oxford Electric Bell which is still working after 175 years of continuous running. If you look carefully, you can see the little vibration, this is the bell ringing. Of course, scientists argue that these are not perpetual motion machines, but imagine spinning a wheel and it runs for a hundred years without stopping. It would take scientists a 100 years to verify if it is a perpetual motion machine or not, and I think by current standards it would be a significant step forward in science. Plus, Nikola Tesla himself once said quote: “ No free energy device will ever be allowed to reach the market.” end quote. This means that such devices are indeed possible.

Some have claimed that Bhaskara actually made another device which did run forever, it is said that many of his writings and inventions were destroyed, and this technology is lost. Remember, many strange devices were invented in India including the anti-gravity jar. So, may be ancient people did build free energy devices.

So what do you think? Is it possible to build a perpetual motion machine? Or is this just a pipe dream? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan

URUMI – A Bizarre Ancient Weapon from India

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an ancient Indian weapon known as ‘Urumi’. This is how it looks, now, is it a sword? Or is it a whip? It is a combination of both, it is a flexible metal weapon with several blades. Urumi is quite popular in the Indian state of Kerala, where many people still practice and even carry it in their belt for self-defense. Yes, it can be neatly curled up and tied around your body, just like a belt.

Unlike most other weapons like knives or shields, the Urumi cannot be used effectively by a beginner. This is why it is known as a very bizarre and complicated weapon. It is not only dangerous for the enemy, it is equally dangerous for the user as well, because if you make one mistake while using it, you can get seriously hurt. So, this is not a user-friendly weapon. It takes many years of practice before you can master this weapon and use it effectively.

Here you are looking at an antique Urumi, at least a hundred years old. My friend Jayesh collects antique weapons and has been documenting these things for many years.While weapons like swords will make deep cuts in the skin and can cause instant death, the Urumi is different. It will make your skin and some flesh peel out with every blow, but a single blow is usually not lethal. In this antique piece, the blades have become blunt, so you can see that it is not cutting this banana stem, but imagine a brand new Urumi attacking a person, it can cause some serious damage.

In English we can call it as a flexible sword or even a metal whip and it usually has a simple wooden handle. Historians believe that the Urumi was invented around 300 BC, about 2300 years ago in India.  Remember, I have showed you some very interesting weapons like the man-catcher on my channel, but Urumi is a very effective defense weapon, especially if you are fighting against multiple enemies.. If you are surrounded my many opponents, Urumi can be used to create a defensive sphere around you, and no one will be able to even come close to you. This can be very useful and is considered as a part of ancient martial arts used for self-defense.

In the ancient Indian martial arts system known as KalariPayattu, this weapon is considered very important.  In this martial arts system, the Urumi is the last weapon to be taught, because it is so difficult to master this weapon.  A well-trained fighter is capable of handling 2 Urumis at the same time. Imagine fighting against a person wielding 2 Urumis at the same time, it can be twice as deadly. The only way you can fight him, is by using 2 Urumis yourself. Watching 2 guys use 4 Urumis is a very interesting sight.

In the state of Punjab, the Urumi is used with some variations. Here you can see how the Urumi is used with ease, it has almost become a demonstration weapon. Some Urumis only have one blade and sometimes there are up to 32 blades in a single weapon.

Praveen Mohan


Secret Temple of Toda Tribe – What is Inside?

Hey guys, today we are going to a very unique site. We are going to a tribal temple. I have shown you hundreds of temples but there are temples which are still used by tribes of India. And we are going to look at a specific tribe called the Todas.

As you can see this is a weird looking spire and this is one of the temples of the Todas. Let’s go take a look and see what’s up there but I have to take off my shoes because this is holy grounds. The Toda temples are shrouded in mystery. They come from pre-historic times and Thodas are still a very primitive tribe. There is only about 1500 of them, alive. They do not interact with the outside world. And their temples are very secretive.

What is inside these temples? Why are they maintained in such a secretive manner? As you can see this is the entrance and it is blocked with a rock and I am going to try and see what is inside. I am not able to open this. What could possibly be inside that is so secretive? So you can see this is not opening. I am trying to open this.. What could possibly be inside?

Let me see if I can find an opening where I can show you what’s inside. This has never been seen by anybody outside the Todas. I don’t see any openings I can use to show you what’s inside this temple. So what else is there? Is there anything?  This is .. There is a hole. And it looks like it is going in really deep. But there is no light. Let me see…  I have no idea what’s inside. … But it is really deep and I don’t have enough lights to show you what’s inside. What could possibly be inside?

Why have the tribes maintained these temples in complete secrecy? There must be something very important here. But we don’t know what it is? And I am not able to find it. Some claim that Thodas worship aliens. Some claim there are underground chambers beneath the Toda temples. The thoda temples have been very mysterious places for many centuries. Some claim there are no idols inside Toda temples. Others claim there are 2 idols inside Thoda temples and these 2 idols look like Grey Aliens. There are 2 Gods worshipped by Thodas. One of them is called Pithi and there is another god who is the son of Pithik, known as Aan. According to Thodas the God Pithik created all of Humanity.

Todas have strange customs. Thodas practice something called Polyandry. Now what is polyandry? It is almost the opposite of Polygamy. Now, in Polygamy a husband usually has multiple wives and modern-day sociologists and anthropologists think that this is somehow an oppressive male chauvinistic practice. But Todas practice something called polyandry where a single woman is allowed to have multiple husbands. In fact, a typical Toda woman is allowed to marry even her husband’s brothers.

Toda’s marriage practices are very strange indeed. A typical Toda couple should have a ‘live-in’ relationship for at least a year and make sure the girl gets pregnant for at least about .. she should be about 6 months pregnant before the priest can .. their marriage. So, the couple will not get married unless the girl gets pregnant.

Now, even though the marriage practices give a lot of preference to women, women are not allowed to go into the Toda temples.  In fact, I am standing inside the outer fence of a Thoda temple, but none of the Toda women are even allowed to come beyond this fence. It is said that women can be very emotional and they can get very curious and end up going inside the temple and see what is inside. To prevent them from getting curious, and actually looking at what’s inside the temple, Thoda community have prevented all women from going beyond this outer circumference.

Guys, as you can see this another temple of the Todas. But we are not at all allowed to go inside. Thodas claim that their houses, the rainbow shaped houses, are modelled after the home of their god Pithi. Now, some people claim that there is a cave in this area which is still considered the home of God Pithik. Is it possible that there is still a cave, where the god Pithi actually came from? Thodas live in rainbow shaped huts known as Munds. A typical mund would be 10 feet tall, 18 feet long and 9 feet wide.

Thodas have strange social customs also. A youngster would have to fall on his knees and bow in front of an elder. And an elder would typically take his right leg and put it on top of the youngster’s head. As you can see.. this monument, this thoda monument, has some inscriptions, and here we can see the letter aum in Tamil. The thodas speak a very different language. It is very similar to the ancient language of Tamil but it is not Tamil.  As you can see, they still have writings which are in Tamil.

So how do the Todas survive in modern days? Believe it or not, Thodas still do not use money. They only use barter system. Every Thodas family at least a dozen buffalos.. water buffalos. And they get dairy products and milk from these buffalos and exchange it with other communities where they can get rice and other vegetables. This is how they still survive. Most of them still do not use any form of money.

Praveen Mohan