Did Ancient Civilizations use “High-Tech” Communication Devices?

Hey guys, today let’s a look at a few of the ancient statues and carvings in India along with this bust found in Spain known as the “Lady of Elche”. The common factor between all these figures is that they are all portrayed with very advanced technological devices which resemble modern day communication gadgets. Who are these figures? And more importantly, what are these devices? In a previous video I showed you these strange statues called Madhanikas, and one of them sports a very strange device in her ears. This looks like a complex gear like instrument. Is it merely a fancy looking ear-ring, or was it a rotary device like a radio tuner? It has several circles inside and has gear like teeth, which could probably rotate.

Now, let’s take a look at the lady of Elche, found in Spain. Estimated to be 2400 years old, She is a very mysterious figure and has 2 large circular devices on her ears. There are radial lines coming out of the center of these devices and this completely covers her ears. It is impossible not to think of modern day headsets.
What do archeologists and experts say about these devices? It is simple, this is just a fancy earring, and this is just a fancy headdress. They have dismissed all claims that these could be some kind of devices.
But how do experts react to this carving in the ancient Kailasa Temple at Ellora caves? This figure is shown with many complex gadgets attached to him, but look at one of his ears. He is holding a dumbbell like device as though he is listening to something. This is clearly not an ornament, so what is it? Experts simply don’t have an answer to this. But this is not an isolated case, there are many ancient carvings like this in India, look at this figure: His communication device is disfigured a little bit, but look at this, the exact same gesture. There is no doubt – He is clearly listening to something using a device. Not one expert has come forward to explain these carvings.
If the lady of Elche and the Madhanika are wearing mere ornaments and headdresses, what is this dumbbell like structure?

And why is it remarkably similar to the dumbbell shaped device on the lady of elche’s ears? Some people have claimed that these large rings are nothing but hair bundles called rodetes, but a man by the name of Francisco Vives found traces of different colors on this, and this is what the painted bust would look like. A modern recreation shows that this was some sort of a device, not a headdress. Is it possible that the lady of Elche is shown using an advanced wireless communication device?
Perhaps this explains why Heinrich Himmler, the closest advisor of Hitler, visited the Lady of Elche. According to Himmler, these ancient statues contain clues to advanced ancient technology, which could be recreated by modern human beings. We all read that wireless communication was invented in 1895, just about 125 years ago. However, all these ancient figures are shown using a similar technology. Think for a minute – Why are all these figures portrayed with these gadgets specifically around their ears? This cannot be a coincidence, these are some kind of advanced radio communication devices.

Are we really inventing new technology or, are we merely reinventing ancient technology? All our modern day high tech machines are in fact already depicted in ancient artifacts. We have carvings of Vimanas which were flying machines, we have already found clear evidence of lathe technology. Are all these evidences mere coincidences or are we looking at traces of a lost civilization which used advanced devices for communication and technology?

-Praveen Mohan


Baffling Ancient “OOPArt” in India? Weird Idols of Ramappa Temple

Hey guys, this is the ancient Ramappa temple and you are looking at a very fascinating structure full of brilliant carvings, but your eyes are naturally attracted to these shiny black idols, which look completely out of place. Almost all visitors are totally spellbound by these idols – this is the center of attraction in this temple even though most of them have been destroyed by invaders.  When you look at these idols,  why do you think that these idols don’t belong here, they somehow feel like out of place artifacts? Because your mind’s intuition tells you that these idols could not have been made without machines, and you have been taught through a lot of books that ancient builders did not use machines. This conflict is why you feel that these are out of place artifacts. This is not only happening in your mind, but all visitors get confused and mesmerized by these idols at the same time.

Almost all visitors think these are modern day wax models molded and recently placed, but archeologists confirm that these are at least 800 years old. The temple has thousands of great carvings, but they can be made with simple tools, but these statues, known as Madhanikas, cannot be made with chisels and hammers. Such perfect statues can be made only with advanced technology. These idols seem to have no human errors, they are so well polished, they actually create a phenomenon called “highlights and shadows” due to their reflection. What do I mean by this?

When a material is polished with hands, it doesn’t achieve a great level of reflective surface, but when an object is created with machines, it becomes so reflective that it automatically creates lighter areas called highlights and darker areas called shadows. In reality this container I am holding doesn’t have any dark or bright areas, but it reflects the light in the surrounding to create these illusions. This is similar to highlights and shadows in photography, but that effect is created by light. This effect is only achievable on stones with polishing created by machines.

For example, you can see this woman called Nagini or Snake woman. On her body, you can notice several shades of lightness and darkness. The entire structure is made of one stone, but this is so well polished, that it automatically creates dark areas and light areas. And in photography, we create this effect by using sunlight or by reflecting sunlight using reflectors, but these statues are so well polished, they don’t even need sunlight. Look, the sun is above the roof, it is not shining on these idols and you can still see plenty of shades, because they are reflecting the light from the surrounding. The tour guides tell me that the shadow of the necklace falling on her body is also an illusion. If there is no sunlight, how could there be a shadow? People are baffled by this and locals believe there was some sort of heat treatment done in this area to make it look like a shadow. However, I think this is a shadow cast because of the extremely well polished surface, and it takes the light from the surroundings.

Now, what kind of technology existed 800 years ago which can create this level of perfect reflection on solid rock? Archeologists and historians are repeatedly telling us that ancient builders were primitive people who used simple tools. In reality, this effect can be created only by using advanced technology.

In today’s technology, we are able to melt wax and mold it into realistic figures, but we have not been able to mold rocks into statues. But these statues, which are made of black basalt, a very hard rock, have been created using similar technology. Unless we test them in a lab, we may not be able to find out if they used melting technology or machining technology. Look at the back of the idol here. This is how black basalt really looks. A stone that looks like this was finished to look like this – how was this possible? It is impossible to achieve this level of polishing with simple abrasives like sand. And remember, I have already shown you carvings in the same temple which look like drilling and polishing tools. You can watch it by clicking on the top right corner of this video. Were these idols created using molding technology or with machining tools?

These figures have a strange effect on your eyes. The more time you spend on them, the more  you are amazed by them. Today’s statues and paintings have errors, for example look at this painting of a woman wearing shoes. In this position of her foot, there should be a gap between her shoe and her foot. This is a mistake made by the painter. But there are no such mistakes in these idols, and you may think.. well, ancient women did not wear shoes, but not only is this figure wearing high heels, but the gap between the foot and her shoe is accurately shown. Here is a beautiful woman holding a bow, and a little man is removing a thorn from her foot. Look carefully and you see how there is a small swelling on her foot because of the thorn. These are just uncanny details.

Here is a naughty monkey pulling this woman’s clothes, and the dress has come down from her waist, revealing her private parts. Of course, you can see that this hand has been destroyed by invaders  and  in this picture, I’ve tried to recreate this hand, and originally it would have completely covered her genitalia. What really surprises me is not the perfect depiction of this area. What surprises me is this:  The space between the hand and her genitals would have been less than one inch. It would be impossible to carve this with simple tools like chisels because  you would need a lot more space to use the chisel and make the hammer movements. This would not even be possible with many of the modern tools we have, because there is simply not enough space even to put these tools in. So, how were the ancient builders able to carve her private parts under her hand ? Perhaps the real clues are these 2 perfect circles found on this idol. Originally, this figure had a necklace, but it was destroyed but what we see here are 2 perfect circles which stand as connection points between her body and the necklace. So, ask yourself, what are these 2 circles doing here? If this entire structure is made of one solid rock, you should not see these perfect circles when the necklace was destroyed.

What you would see is an unshapely dis-figuration like this area on this statue. So, think about what kind of technology would have really been employed. And of course, there is another important question we need to ask ourselves. Why were these statues placed around the temple? No one has answered this question until now. There are a total of 12 statues and each one represents a sign of the zodiac. Watch the video again, and you can find connections between each statue and a zodiac sign.

So what do you think? Were these idols made with advanced technology by superior builders or were they created with primitive tools by hardworking laborers? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Sacred Secret of Warangal Gates (Kakatiya KalaThoranam)

Hey guys, today let us take a look at the so-called “Warangal Gates”. In my last video, we saw that these ancient structures are not entrances or gates, so let’s try to understand why these were built. Most experts haven’t really examined these structures, but we are going to look at them carefully. On the very top of this gate, there is a straight slot, almost a laser cut slot right in the middle, and you can see the Sun shining through it. Initially, I thought this was a sculptor’s mistake, but this slot has been created intentionally on all 4 gates and we do see them on East, West, North and South gates. But these are not identical. On top of these gates, you can see these Key hole like openings. The position of these slots are made on different keyholes on different gates.

Let’s start from the East Side gate, and here you can see that this slot is made on the 4th hole from the left. The position of the slot is at three and a half Keyholes or 3.5. Now, if you go to the exact opposite structure on the other end, the west side gate has a slot on the 3rd hole from the left, not the 4th hole as in the East gate. So, the position of the slot at the west gate is 2.5.Now, remember I am observing everything from the center of this site, and if you see the east and west gates side by sides, this is how they look, they are not identical. The position of the slots are different.

Of course, experts will argue that these are simple mistakes made by primitive sculptors and have no meaning at all. But I will show you why experts are wrong. Now, let’s go to the gate on the North Side, and again the straight slot is at the 4th keyhole or at 3.5. If you look at the opposite gate at the South side, the slot appears on the 3rd keyhole or 2.5. So you can see the pattern like this: The East and West are 3.5 and 2.5 and the North and South are again 3.5 and 2.5. What is the meaning of this complex pattern? This proves that there is something fundamentally wrong about our history books, we have not evolved from a primitive civilization into a much more advanced civilization over many centuries. Instead, the more we look at ancient sites, the more we realize that our generation does not have the capability to understand what they were doing.

But we are looking at these gates from the human point of view and we are observing these gates from the center of this site. If you pretend that you are a giant and these gates were small lego blocks, you would stand outside the site, and look at them from one direction. If you go outside this site and look at the East gate, you suddenly realize that the slot is at the 2.5 and not 3.5. Now, if we look at both east and west gates from the outside standing at any one point, these slots are actually identical. Again, if you go outside on the north side for example, and look at both North and South gates, the position of the slots will be the same. The entire confusion of these slots at the third or 4th keyhole occurs because we are looking at it from the human point of view, standing in the center of this massive site.

These gates are all designed to be exactly 33 feet tall, and are positioned at the exact cardinal directions.  Now, if I go outside the eastern gate and shine a laser beam parallel to the ground, through this slot, the beam would pass exactly through the slot on the western gate. Of course, there would be a particular day in the year, when the sun rises and a beam of light would pass through this slot on the east and exit through the slot on the western gate. We would have to have astronomers calculate this particular day and its importance.

If we place a long pole between these slots on the eastern gate and western gate, and place another pole between the north and south gates, these poles would meet at the center of this site and create 4 quadrants. And these poles would cast shadows on the ground which can tell time down to the accuracy of seconds, and could also be used as a calendar with various features. India does have many of these giant astronomical instruments in places like Jantar Mantar… for example,  these instruments are very large and are based on ancient Vedic texts. We could make an extremely advanced instrument on this site because there are so many different features carved on these structures and it is hard to understand what they stand for. For example,  you can see 7 buds for 7 days of the week, and there are 6 keyholes, 1/2 for each month of the year, and pay special attention to how some keyholes are partially closed and some are open, these details also differ between the gates. Now, keep in mind that there are northern and southern gates as well and imagine how they would have been used.

And these structures go beyond mere astronomical purposes. What’s really fascinating is that these gates have statues of birds sitting on their sides. These birds are made of a material different from the rest of the structures. They are made of green basalt, a special type of rock. All the gates have these birds,  but the north gate doesn’t have these birds, the spots are left empty. And what’s interesting is that green basalt has some very strong magnetic properties. Why were these magnetic birds not placed on the North gate alone? I am sure you can examine these aspects yourself.

The geometry and the numbers on this site also have some baffling, sacred aspect to them. Why was the number 33 chosen as the height of these structures? Researchers of ancient mysteries know that the number 33 is very important. There are 33 vertebrae in our spine. There are 33 Gods called  traya(s)triṃśat in the Vedic texts. In the western world, the number 33 has many strange connections including 33 years in the life of Jesus and the ancient freemason system uses a system of 33 degrees and so on.

Now the distance between the eastern and western gates is 433 feet, and the distance between the northern and southern gates is 480 feet. This seems like nothing, but the ratio of these distances gives 1:  1.108 which is again a sacred ratio in Hinduism. Of course, these are just some of the basics of sacred geometry found in this site, and there is a lot of advanced information embedded on these structures, but this video just gives you a basic idea about the so-called Warangal gates. I think it is time to stop mentioning them as gates and start thinking of them as ancient devices or instruments, what do you think? Please leave your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Ancient Gates of Warangal Fort – Built By Giants?

Also known as Kakatiya Kala Thoranam, these megalithic “gates” are considered the most mysterious structures in India. Watch the video to understand the mystery.

Underground Temple of Secret Rituals – Warangal Fort, India


Hey guys, this is an ancient underground temple near Warangal Fort, it doesn’t have a name and is completely abandoned. This is an isolated place and gets no visitors and is estimated to be at least 800 years old.  I am gonna take you inside the temple and we can see some very strange details and secret rituals happening inside the temple. The temple is located at the underground level, and there is only one side that this completely open, and on all the other sides, it is totally covered with dirt. It has a very low ceiling, and it gets lower and lower as we go into the main chambers.

What’s really fascinating is that, this place shows evidence of strange rituals. On the floor, you can see a lot of chicken feathers, alcohol bottles, and  pieces of lemon stuck on a thin rod. Of course we can assume that some guys were just drinking and cooking here, but you can also see religious items like saffron powder strewn all over the floor, and also matchsticks and candles. This means there was some kind of a black magic ritual performed here.  Locals say that a group called ‘Kapalikas’ gather here during new moon nights and indulge in strange rituals including meat eating and drinking. The term Kapalika means “Skull-Men”, these people carry human skulls and are sometimes even known to worship skulls. Remember, I showed you the temple of crystal skull a few weeks back? This temple is very similar in appearance to that one, and I think there could be a connection between the two.

What’s intriguing about this temple is that even though it is abandoned, it doesn’t have any bats, but is home to a lot of insects, here is a lizard and as we go into the main chamber, we begin to see a lot of spider webs. There are huge spiders all over the walls. The entrances are very short, less than 5 feet. This chamber has no deities, no idols and is completely empty. The only fascinating part is the ceiling which has a nice spiral design. But this temple has 2 main chambers and I am gonna go inside the next chamber and try to identify what the main deity would have been.  You can see that the floor of this chamber is completely destroyed, but this broken uprooted stone structure is actually a lingam. So, this was definitely a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. I wonder why these stone structures were completely demolished and why this temple was abandoned. You can see rich paintings on the walls and the ceiling, and this must have been a very beautiful place with lots of visitors, many centuries ago.  And I have already shown you these pillars, made of multiple blocks and how they were joined in my previous video. I hope someday, the government can restore this temple to its original shape. Please share this video with your friends to spread awareness about abandoned ancient temples.

– Praveen Mohan

Ancient Engineering Technology – Ramappa Temple, India

Hey guys, let’s take a look at Ramappa Temple which was built at least 800 years ago, and by the end of this video, I think you would agree with me that ancient builders must have used a very advanced technology, similar to modern day technology.

Let’s take a look at the ceiling in the center of this temple. In one square, we can see hundreds of Gods and if you zoom in and shine a flashlight, we can identify each and every one of them. Every corner tells a story. We are not going to examine the complex spiral designs which look like 3d cymatic patterns, we are not going to look at the protruding buds, and the centerpiece which is hanging out in the middle. We are only going to zoom in on the smaller figures which are less than 1 inch long. This temple was invaded by a commander called Malik Kafur, and he destroyed some of these figures.

But what’s fascinating is that after he destroyed the figures, you can clearly see the X mark behind them. This means there is a gap between each small idol, and the surface at the back. The idols are very small, less than 1 inch long, so the gaps between the idol and the background must have been in millimeters. So, how did anyone create these X marks behind them within these small gaps? Forget about ancient machining technology. We cannot even carve these X marks today, because there is no room to put your hands inside and carve them? How can we make the X pattern on solid rock, with 2 millimeters space to carve, even with modern machinery? We would need flexible drilling and polishing tools similar to instruments used for advanced surgical operations like laparoscopy. Even if they were molded using rock melting technology, the ancient builders would still need very advanced precision tools to create the mold or the frame itself.

But there is more baffling evidence of ancient machining technology. This temple has a series of statues placed all around it, and at first look, you think they are modern day wax models molded to perfection. Archeologists confirm that these were made by ancient builders, but there are no tool marks, and no human errors made on these structures. Were they created using high tech engraving and polishing tools, similar to what we use today?

Now, what really baffles me about these statues is not how perfect they are, but how they are still standing in place, even after a powerful earthquake shook this temple. The earthquake dislodged many of the blocks in the temple, and I have already shown you how the ancient builders made this structure earthquake proof.  But how did these statues, not fall down?

These are individual statues made of black basalt and are standing at an angle. How are they attached to these sandstone blocks behind them? Normally, it would be impossible to find out, but ancient builders were extremely clever, they knew that someday, someone would come looking for answers.

This is why they created a miniature model, a 3d prototype of the temple, and placed it in the temple campus itself. And all I had to was to identify the spots where the statues would have been placed. Look at these rectangular slots here, and the protruding base here. This is where the statues stand in the actual temple. Now we understand how these statues are standing firmly even after the earthquake. These statues were fitted on the slots, so they wouldn’t fall down.  This is really fascinating, because if we look at the miniature model, it would have been easy for the ancient builders to create smaller statues and fix them in these appropriate places. But why did they leave these slots empty? If they had placed small statues in these places, the slots wouldn’t be visible. They left it empty, so we, the future generation can understand how the statues were fit in place. Is it possible, that the ancient builders are trying to teach us how they actually built these temples?

And there is one thing I did not fully understand about the ancient earthquake proofing technology. How did these rectangular blocks called Plinth beams come above the ground? In modern buildings made of concrete, the plinth beams will try to withstand the earthquake, and in case of a powerful earthquake like what happened here, the entire structure would have collapsed. But it did not happen in this temple – when the earthquake struck, the plinth beams popped out from underneath the pillars, and saved the temple from collapsing. So, how were the plinth beams fixed to these pillars? The answer is in the miniature model. At the bottom of the pillars, you can see small slots carved. This is where the plinth beams were inserted. This type of basic slots are neither too tight nor too loose. When a powerful earthquake occurs, the pillars would let go of the plinth beams, and the plinth beams will break, saving the temple from collapsing. If they would have been made a rigid construction, like modern concrete structures, the entire temple would have been collapsed.

We can see that the ancient builders are answering all the questions which have baffled us. But what about the tools used to carve behind these very small idols on the ceiling? This temple has used some extraordinary drilling technology, there are holes which are only a few millimeters wide. You can only pass a flexible thread through them, not even a straight object like a needle. These minute holes cannot be created with chisels, especially on such a hard rock like basalt. They must have definitely used advanced tools like modern day drilling tools. If ancient builders used such advanced tools, wouldn’t they show them on the prototype as well?

Here we can see something remarkably similar to a modern day drill bit. This carving looks almost identical to a tool that we use today – uh -This tool is called step drill bit, and has many advantages over a regular drill bit. If you compare these two side by side, they both have the same conical head, with horizontal lines which are called steps, and both have them even have a vertical groove in the middle. But it is the bottom part of the carving that confirms, this a tool bit. Today our tool bits have a hexagonal stopper at the base to lock into the chuck and not slip. They also have a cylindrical groove at the top of it. This 800 year old figure shows the exact same thing, except that it has a square base to lock into the chuck and has the same cylindrical groove. Are ancient builders trying to tell us that they were using advanced tool bits, just like what we use today?

If these carvings are not tools, what else could they be? We can see everything else is identical between the prototype and the actual temple. Here we can see the small bull on the prototype, and the much larger bull is also there. We can see small pillars and we can see the larger pillars in the temple, which look exactly the same. We can see everything that is shown in this prototype recreated at a larger scale in the temple.  But we don’t see these large scale drill bit like structures anywhere in the temple. Why did they carve them in the miniature model, if they are not present anywhere in the actual temple?  Were they simply left as clues for us to find out how this temple was built?

Perhaps the real evidence can be found at Warangal fort, which is about 40 miles from here. There are carvings of Hindu Gods, but look into their hands. They are shown holding the same drill bits. In many Hindu temples, Gods are shown holding just the head of these tools. And some people believe this represents a pinecone or even corn.  But in these carvings, we can see that the Gods are shown holding the entire tool with a long base. This confirms that this is definitely a tool used in ancient times.

If ancient builders used high tech instruments like drilling machines, perhaps that technology would explain the mystery of these pillars. The pillars in the temple, don’t make any sense. Some parts of the pillars, look like they have been molded. Other parts of the same pillar look like they have been machined with power tools. How could  a pillar made of one solid block of stone, show 2 completely different types of processes? And there is something even more confusing. You can see that the pillars are slightly bent at the top portion. When the earthquake struck, these pillar actually became bent out of shape. These are made of basalt, a very hard, brittle rock. Rocks break, they don’t bend like plastic. So, what’s the secret of these bending pillars? Let’s go back to the miniature model one last time, and these miniature pillars are carved here, and they are identical in design to the actual pillars. They even have these straight slots and curved slots, so we know these are the same pillars.  But here, we can see something very strange, there are triangular marks connecting the rectangular piece at the bottom to the cylindrical piece at the top. Today, engineers we use a type of joint called Taper Joint, it is considered a very strong joint. To connect 2 different parts, one part is created with a tapered protrusion, and the other part will have a tapered hole. And both these parts will be connected by force, and it is nearly impossible to separate them afterwards. Is it possible, that these conical symbols represent taper joint, to show that these 2 separate stone blocks were joined together to make one single pillar. Does the bottom stone have a tapered protrusion, and the top stone have a tapered hole? This theory perfectly explains why the pillars look bent at the top. The pillars made of single stone would have broken, but these pillars must have been made of several blocks and assembled with taper joints, which is why they are bent.

But at this point, the whole idea of taper jointing several blocks to make a pillar is just a theory. To really prove this,  I would have to climb up above 8 feet, and examine these pillars, to see if they are in fact made of multiple blocks. And Archeology department refused to give me permission to examine these pillars.

But I really had to find out, and there are a few abandoned ancient temples nearby which are not maintained by the department of Archeology, I mean no one even enters these temples.  So I decided to go to a temple called the underground temple, which was built around the same time. I will show you this temple in another video, but we are going to find if these pillars are made of one solid piece or if they were  made by joining different blocks. And I find exactly what we are looking for. The joint is clearly visible at the top, and you can see it has dislocated a little bit when earthquake struck. If you look inside, you can even see how these two stone blocks are joined, there is a protruding piece on the bottom stone, which is fitting inside the hole of the stone at the top. There is no doubt that this was the same technology used in the pillars of Ramappa temple.

I think, for the very first time in many centuries, we are actually beginning to understand what the ancient builders are trying to say. They have put these symbols of tools, joints and slots for teaching us about their technology. And I think we have successfully decoded these symbols. What do you think?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section and please do share this video with your friends.

-Praveen Mohan

800 Year Old Ramappa Temple shows Rock Melting Technology?

Hey guys, today we are going to examine the Ramappa temple which shows some solid evidence of Rock Melting Technology. Here you can see Lord Krishna playing his flute, and his feet is touching a leaf of this tree. And this beautiful woman is leaning on the stem of the tree. What could be the meaning of this? If Krishna was really playing his flute, the music he made would travel through the tree. If I tap on the stem, it makes a strange metallic sound. This is made of one solid rock, but yet it makes different sounds when tapped in different parts of the tree’s stem. Note the difference in sound. And if you tap on other areas of the same rock, there is no sound.  Of course, this is not a coincidence, the ancient builders clearly wanted us to know that this cylinder makes musical sounds, this is why they carved the symbol of Krishna playing his eternal musical.

But is this structure a carving? All historians and archeologists claim that everything in this temple was manually carved by hard labor. But how do you carve a cylinder on rock that makes music? And even more interesting, how do you carve a cylinder which will make different notes when tapped in different areas? And notice the width of the stem, it has the same width from top to bottom. The different sounds are not created because of the variation of size or shape.

Sculptors and Stone Masons confirm that there is no technology today, to carve a single rock which can make different sounds, when tapped on different areas. But how was such technology used at least 800 years ago, in this temple? The only way to create such different sounds is by altering the density of the rock, by melting the rock and molding it into a desired shape. But is it even possible to melt rocks and make it into different shapes?

In 2016, University of Buffalo demonstrated something strange. They put rocks in a furnace, heated it to over 2500 degree Fahrenheit, and made it into a liquid. In fact, nature does it all the time, it throws out liquid lava whenever there is a volcanic eruption. When scientists at University of buffalo poured this molten rock out, they gathered it into a simple cast made of sand. You can see the molten rock quickly fills up and takes the shape of the cast. This is exactly how we make metallic objects like swords and weapons for example. Did ancient builders use the same technology of melting rocks and mold it into desired densities, this would be the only way to make it create different sounds in different places.

What’s really interesting is that University of Buffalo chose the same type of rock as the ancient builders, they are both basalts. Basalt Rock has properties that are ideal for melting and casting into different shapes.

But this temple has another interesting evidence of Rock Melting technology. The pillars in this temple are quite extraordinary with very complex designs but there is one piece that stands out. Not because it is carved, but because it has been left blank, while all the other pieces on the same level are carved. And it shows something very strange, it shows a defect in molding technology. Let’s take a closer look at this surface, it has extraordinary polishing, but this surface is not perfectly flat. To understand this, you have to examine it by looking at it from a lower angle. The surface has a curvature, with a concave defect on it. This is why it looks bent out of shape, like a piece of plastic. It is impossible to make such a smooth, concave cut on rocks with manual tools or even electric saw, and it cannot be accomplished by hand polishing.

This is a common defect caused in molding process, this is called Warping. When we mold objects, the liquid sometimes will cool at different rates in different places. This will cause the object to become bent out of shape. And this is exactly what happened here, this was a defect made while melting and cooling the rock. The ancient builders recognized this was a defective piece, this is why they did not carve anything on it.

Now, remember, I showed you the floating rocks which were used on the tower of this temple. These bricks were created by heating mud to a very high temperature, and adding other ingredients to make them light weight. You can click on the top right corner to see the floating rocks. From all these evidences, we can clearly see that ancient builders were using rock melting technology.

-Praveen Mohan