Ancient Temple with Unique Architecture – Tiru Parameswara Vinnagaram (Vaikunta Perumal Temple)

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a temple called Tiru Parameswara Vinnagaram also known as Vaikundha Perumal Temple located in the city of Kanchipuram. This is a very old temple, by archeological accounts this was built about 1300 years ago, around 700 A.D, but many locals claim it was built much earlier in time.

Looking at the temple from the ground, it looks nothing different, but when we examine the temple from the air, we can understand a strange feature in architecture. There are several T shaped structures placed one inside the other, there are at least three such T shaped buildings. They are not only placed horizontally one inside the other, but also vertically placed in that fashion. The outermost T shape is at the ground level, the next one has one level up and in the very center, there is the top level. So, there are three levels in this temple.

Each level has a sanctum, a central chamber and each chamber hosts a statue of Lord Vishnu. So there are three Vishnu statues. At the ground level, he is shown in the seated posture. If you go to the next level, you can see him in a lying position. In this position, he is refered to as Vaikundha Perumal, this is why this temple is also known as Vaikundha Perumal temple. At the top most level he is in standing position. Think about the philosophy behind these three postures – why do we see them in different postures and why do we have three Vishnu statues? Please let me know your valuable thoughts in the comments section.

Now, if you plan on visiting this temple, try to go on the 11th Lunar day known as Ekadashi in Hinduism. Why do I say this? Because on that day, between 8 AM and 12 noon, visitors are allowed to climb up to the next level. On all other days, visitors are allowed only to see the ground level, but if you go on that day, you can go and climb to the next level and also see the Vishnu in resting position. You can also enjoy the various carvings on this level.

When you look at the design from the air, it is quite unique. The surrounding compound wall is elevated many feet high to match the level of next floor on top of it. So you can basically walk around the temple on this level and enjoy the beauty of this level as well. Such a design is almost never seen in other temples in this area.

The temple has a fantastic step-pyramid like structure in the center which is painted white, and there is a large dome like structure, a capstone on top of it. On the very top is a vessel like structure with a pointed tip. This vessel is called Kalash and has some fascinating elements inside it. If you look at the entire temple layout, it reminds us very much of the Kailasanathar temple, which is located about  a mile from here. This temple also has a temple tank set up right next to it, just like that temple. The big difference is that, while Kailasanathar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, this temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.

In fact, this temple is considered one of the divine temples of Vishnu. There are 108 such Vishnu temples known as Divya Desam and this temple is one of them.  Some claim that many of these divine temples of Vishnu are connected by underground tunnels. It is believed that this temple has an underground tunnel which connects to the Shore temple at Mahabalipuram. Mind you, the Shore temple is about 50 miles away, which means that the underground tunnel would have to be 50 miles long to connect these 2 temples . This seems like an impossible task but locals firmly believe that such a tunnel exists and they even say that the British tried to uncover  this secret tunnel during their rule, and its entrance was sealed by locals.

Walking around the temple, you can find some extraordinary carvings on the walls. Some show Gods, some show humans interacting with Gods. Here is a carving which shows 2 figures. On the left is a human in a Namaste pose, and on the right is a horse faced God, who has humanoid features in the rest of his body. Perhaps this is God Kalki, whose arrival is awaited by Hindus. Vishnu is shown in the form of several avatars, what animal face is this?

Some carvings are very strange and have no explanation. What could this possibly be? Is this due to corrosion or were they carved like this? There are Carvings that show a variety of activities. Some are giants or gods and they are shown alongside human beings. Humans are often shown helping or giving offerings to Gods.  There are also war scenes vividly carved on the walls.

Almost all walls are adorned with carvings which have a treasure trove of information. Remember I showed you the carvings of Chinese travelers who visited India during ancient times? Some of those carvings are from this temple. There are many such carvings found here showing ancient connections between India and China.

Here is another carving which shows something interesting. What is going on here? A giant figure on the left is shown tying a piece of cloth on the head of a smaller figure on the right. Who is this giant figure? It is lord Vishnu. You can see the conch, which is one of the instruments of Lords Vishnu. Lord Vishnu is crowning or doing the Coronation ceremony for the King Parameswara Varman. This temple was named after this King. We can also see another intriguing figure in the same carving showing a hand signal. Here, he is telling us to look at the coronation of the King, who was probably the builder of this temple. This hand signal is very characteristic of temples in this area. The hands always point to something important, and if we follow these hand signals we can understand many things.

And these hands signals are not even limited to humans, remember I showed you in a previous video,  how the lion statues told us to go sideways and when we followed their hand signals we ended up in secret meditation chambers. There are a lot of brilliant hidden details like this in ancient Indian temples.

In this temple too, we have Yalis, which are lion like animals with horns, carved on walls and on pillars. They are shown with large manes and protruding teeth. The most important feature however, is that they are wearing some type of armor to protect their legs. This is very similar to shin guards, used by modern day soccer players. I am not sure if this detail comes from human imagination or if such a practice, of putting armor on animals existed in ancient times. Many of these pillars have seen a lot of corrosion, and many of the carvings have also been destroyed due to time.  Some carvings are completely destroyed by corrosion and the figures are totally unidentifiable. The outer walls of the temple are a classic example of how we have lost hundreds of priceless carvings which could have given us valuable information.

Within the temple premises, in one corner, there is a small shrine dedicated to Nagas, the snake gods of India. The Nagas are shown half human and half reptilian, and are considered divine beings with supernatural powers. For thousands of years, ancient people have worshiped Nagas and this practice is still followed rigorously, especially by women.

We can also see various inscriptions in the temple. These inscriptions reveal how gold was used as currency in ancient times and also tell us about Social, Political and Economic aspects during that time. So if you ever plan on visiting the city of Kanchipuram, please go to this fantastic temple and make sure you visit on Ekadashi day between 8 AM and 12 Noon.

Praveen Mohan

Quimbaya Artifacts – Did Airplanes exist 1000 Years ago?

Hey guys, today, let us take a look at these strange golden artifacts in Colombia, which look like modern day airplanes.  Yes, these are ancient artifacts created around 1000 years ago, and it is impossible not to think of airplanes when you see this. Not just one or two, there are seventeen strange artifacts which look like flying machines, displayed at the Gold Museum in Colombia. Remember many ancient texts around the world talk about aircraft and spacecraft, ancient Indian texts call them Vimanas.  I have shown you several similarities between India and Colombia in my previous videos, even about the God of Gold. But What do mainstream archeologists say about these gold airplanes?

Archeologists claim that all these artifacts represent birds. But there is a not a single species of bird which has wings attached to its bottom. In all birds, wings are always attached at the top. So these are not birds. But in modern airplanes, we can see something spectacular – see how the wings are attached at the bottom? See how similar this design is, to the golden airplanes. . If you compare them side by side, the design is uncannily similar to one another. Another important difference is the tail. Look at the tails of these gold artifacts. These have vertical tails, pointing up, like modern aircraft. No bird has vertical tail like this, all birds have horizontal tails, which point sideways.

Even more important, biologists agree that there are no animals or birds  which look like this. Some experts claim that these were just rudimentary models of birds,  with errors in details, because ancient Colombians would not have paid attention to details. But I found that this is not true at all, because the most important detail is found in the Gold Museum itself. There are actual figurines of birds found in the same museum, created by the same ancient people. This is how they look. You can tell immediately that they are birds, they have eyes, they have beaks and they have actual curvy wings and horizontal tails. So to pretend that the ancient Colombian people were just making these rudimentary bird models is a false argument. Here is another bird and see how it looks. Notice how the details clearly show the wing is attached at the top of its body and its tail is pointing sideways, sharply contrasted to the airplanes. This is why most people call them ‘Quimbaya Airplanes’ because these were found in an ancient civilization called Quimbaya.

But do these quimbaya airplanes merely look aerodynamic? Or can they actually fly? About 20 years ago, 2 engineers made a bigger model of these planes and put some controls inside, and it flew like a regular airplane.

This is conclusive evidence that ancient Colombians were making models of flying machines, more than a thousand years ago.  even though we read that wright brothers invented airplanes just a 100 years ago.

But how is such technology possible in ancient times? All historians and archeologists maintain that Ancient Colombians were primitive people without advanced technology. If flying machines existed in ancient Colombia, then shouldn’t there be more evidences of advanced technology? How about this object in the same museum? It shows multiple wheels within a larger wheel, looking very similar to a modern gear system. There are concentric wheels, just like what we use today. These look like small scale models of various gear systems. There are wheels in the gold museum, even though experts maintained that ancient people of Colombia did not use wheels. Mainstream experts believe there are just fancy ornaments.  There are gears, there are spindles with teeth and without teeth. Some of them look like coils, just like the coils we use for electricity in modern times.  And not just one or two, there are many of them displayed. Some of them do not even look beautiful, which is the main purpose of any ornament. Rather they look like parts of a technical gadget. Is it possible that ancient Colombians were using advanced technology?

So is it possible that these are models of ancient airplanes? Did aircraft and spacecraft exist during ancient times? Or is this all a mere coincidence?

Praveen Mohan

Ancient SPACEMAN in Colombia – Who is VAIS RAVANA?

Hey guys, today, let us explore the ancient statues in Colombia. There are statues here which are more than a thousand years old and they have a strange connection with Indian culture.  For example, take a look at the mysterious SpaceMan at San Agustin Archeological Park in Colombia. This is a remote site in South America, and there are hundreds of statues here, but this one is the eye catcher. Who is he?

The very first impression is that, he is some kind of an ancient astronaut because it is clear that he is wearing a helmet or  a visor, he has 2 rectangular eyes, a rectangular mouth, and has no nose. Look at the size of his head and the body, it is very disproportionate, his body is too small for that giant head, and he is definitely wearing shoes.

But the most important detail is that he is holding a cylinder, a long tool which goes into the earth, look how it goes even below his feet. This is a very interesting detail and archeologists and historians have no explanation for it. The tour guides here, also have no idea and claim this is just a flute, a musical instrument. What kind of a flute goes into the ground, how would it even be able to produce music like that?

Tell me what this is. So what is this all about?

Conversation in Spanish

While there is no explanation for this mysterious Spaceman in Colombia, in Hinduism, there are 2 Gods which are portrayed remarkably similar to this. The first one is called SwarnaAkarshana Bhairava. He is the god of Gold and it is said the he could extract gold from earth directly using his tools.

But there is another important deity known as Vaisravana, he is the half-brother of the demon king Ravana. Who is this Vaisravana, what does he do?. He is the God of wealth, especially gold. He is always shown with a tool that goes into the ground. But remember India and Colombia are about 10,000 miles apart, so how could a Hindu god be carved in Colombia? This is a very valid question, and we need to take a look at this logically.

In India, Vaisravana is portrayed like this. This statue is about 1600 years old, He is shown with a pot belly, a symbol of wealth. The most important detail is this rod in his hand, which usually goes into the ground.

Now, look at the evolution of Vaisravana in Thailand. As Hinduism spread to Thailand in ancient times, Vaisravana was portrayed as a lean, much more aggressive deity. But look at the same detail, that tool going into the ground. You may be pleasantly surprised that he is the emblem of a region called Udon Thani in Thailand, this is the official emblem of that region. Not only did the motif evolve, his name also evolved in Thailand. Vaisravana is known as Vessavana in Thailand, but the story is the same, so we know it is the same deity.

Now, Hinduism started to spread even farther, so when it reached China, this is how Vaisravana was sculpted. These are ancient pillars known as Dharani pillars in Yunnan province in China, these are more than a thousand years old, and you can see the motif is slowly changing here also, but the key detail is that cylindrical tool going into the ground. Here is another statue of Vaisravana in China, at Miyin Temple in the same Yunnan province.

Now, when Hinduism reaches even farther, in Japan, look what happens to him. Archeologists and historians accept that yes,  This is Vaisravana, with the same Hindu story, and his name already evolved to Vessavana in Thailand, and in Japan, his name further evolves into Bishamon. Again, the key detail is that long cylinder going into the ground, probably to probe for gold. But now, Vaisravana wears a suit like an armor that covers his whole body, A helmet and shoes.

So, starting from India and all the way to Japan, we are able to see the evolution of Vaishravana and it is well documented. If you go to wikipedia and search for Vaishravana, you can see most of these details, how his name has evolved from Vaishravana to Vessavana to Bishamon and then Bishamonten. Mainstream historians accept this a fact.

Now, experts think that this culture, the Hindu megalithic culture stopped in Japan. But did it really stop there? Or did it go all the way from Japan to Colombia? This is a perfect case of evolution in iconography. Here in Colombia, he is shown with a full body suit, a helmet and shoes. And, yes he has that same, long cylindrical tool, going into the ground. If a culture could migrate all the way from India to Japan, they would have also reached Colombia.

The San Agustin archeological park has many many different statues in various sizes, and many of them are eerily similar to Hindu carvings. Here is an ape like figure standing and his hands are in a folded position. In India, sculptures of Ape like deities with folded hands are quite common. Now, the statue in Colombia is not just a regular statue, if you go around it, you realize that there is a face on the other side as well. On one side he looks young and happy and on the other side he looks older and sad. This is what I call Cycle of Life, and it is shown many times in Hinduism, specifically using monkeys. In Srirangam temple for example, it was used to show the cycle of life. See how the Younger monkey is shown hanging upside down with a lot of energy while the older monkey is shown slouching and sad. There are so many similarities like this between statues in ancient Hindu temples and the statues at San Agustin Archeological Park in Colombia.

Going back to Vaisravana, why is the God of Gold such an important figure in Colombia as well as many Asian countries? Why has he gained such prominence in many countries?

Praveen Mohan

 

The Incredible Sculptures of Kachabeswarar Temple – Thirukachur

Hey guys, today let us take a look at this ancient temple called Katchabeswarar temple in a small town called Tirukachur.  This temple is said to be built around 8th century A.D and was rebuilt again in 16th century. This temple is known for its very weird carvings. For example here is  A very strange carving showing someone with a massive hunchback, this person’s back is almost bent at 90 degrees to the legs.  The person is walking using a stick, because it would be impossible to walk like this without a stick. Here is a figure standing on top of another figure. And look at this guy’s hairstyle. It looks like a native American headdress. If that’s his real hair, may be he is getting an electric shock? There are no fingers in his hand, He appears to have only half of this arm and is standing in a weird position. What does this mean? Here is another figure with a very large head dress. It is shown touching the ground.  In another pillar we can see Conjoined twin girls. They look very scary, with very glaring eyes and interesting facial features. Why do we see these carvings in a Hindu temple?

This temple basically  sits on a square piece of land of about 2 acres with a compound wall on all sides. Inside the walls, there is kind of an L shaped structure which houses the sanctum and other structures. You can see some towers sticking out of the flat roof.  The temple tank is situated outside the compound wall, it also belongs to the temple property. It is a gigantic tank, always full of water for Public use.

Gigantic wooden doors protect the main entrance.  The main entrance is made of a cube like structure  made of granite blocks. It is considered an original ancient structure from many centuries ago. This temple has been continuously renovated so you will see the a mixture of some new structures here and there.

As soon as we enter inside the temple, again we are drawn to the strange carvings. Here is a carving which shows a figure – half tortoise and half human – putting a flower on a lingam. Who is this figure? It is Lord Vishnu because you can  identify his tools and weapons. This carving tells us the story of how this temple was founded. The name of this type of Vishnu is called Karkada and this is why the lingam got the name Karchabeswarar.

In the same pillar, you can see another carving. Here is a man holding a ball like thing  on top of a lingam. What is going on here? Please let me know the answer in the comments section. Let us go into the chambers which house the deities. These are dark chambers where there is very little light. All these structures are made of granite and the walls are very thick. Look through these diamond shaped windows and you realize how thick the granite wall must be. On the ceiling in the main structure, I found a very strange carving. What is this? Why are they carved on the ceiling of the most important chamber? Are these merely fictional animals, or do these species exist in real life?Inside the sanctum, there is a small lingam which is known as Kachabeswarar. Locals consider it as a powerful lingam which emits divine radiation.  Outside the temple, there is a small building with several pillars. It has many interesting carvings on the the ceiling and pillars. Here is a horse man ready to throw  a spear and this horse, a male horse is shown stomping on the enemy, who is on the ground.

Look at this curious carving. Here we can see a lingam which is on a gigantic pedestal. There are 2 birds shown on either side of the lingam, and the bird on the left is shown touching the lingam while the bird on the right is shown looking at the lingam. What is the story behind this?

This is a scene from an ancient Indian story . On the left is a saint called Bhusunda who is in the form of a crow. In Tamil, he is known as Kaagabhujandar a saint who is said to be immortal. On the right of the lingam, is Lord Brahma, who is in the form of a Swan. According to Tamil Stories,  Lord Brahma transformed into a swan and tried to see the tip of the lingam and had failed. So he approaches Bhusanda, and asks him if he had seen the tip. This is that scene where they both meet.

Like this, there are many many strange carvings in this temple. They tell a lot of rare stories which you cannot see in other temples. So if you get a chance, do visit this small town called Tirukachur and explore this temple, it will be a visual treat for you.

Praveen Mohan

Shiva’s Cosmic Dance = Law of Nature? 1300 Year Old Secret Revealed!

Hey guys, I am at the ancient KailasaNathar temple in Kanchipuram, and today we are going to look at a strange feature, related to geometry and sacred number system hidden here. Let’s take a  look at this carving of Dancing Shiva. This is a brilliant carving done at least 1300 years ago, and you can see much of this carving has lost its paint. I have retouched this using photoshop, and now you can see it much better. Here, Shiva is shown with one foot placed firmly on the ground, and the other leg is bent with his knee resting on the ground, and the foot facing the sky. Shiva has put one arm on this foot, while his other arm is lifted above his head. Let us forget his other arms for now. But here is another carving on the other side of the temple, which is even more eroded. When I saw this I was shocked, because it shows the exact same dancing Shiva, but Here is the strangest part, this carving is flipped horizontally, like a mirror image of the 1st carving. In photoshop, I am flipping this original image now, and you can begin to see the accuracy of how they both match.

In the first carving, it is his left foot on the ground, and in the second carving, it is the right foot on the ground. All the legs and arms are flipped like this, like looking at yourself in the mirror, not the same, but laterally inverted. But Shiva has so many hands, one of them is holding a ring, another  is holding a weapon, all these details have to be mirrored.  First of all, this is not easy to carve, this is a sculpting marvel which would need machine like precision. Even to show it to you online, I am using software like photoshop, imagine I had to do it by drawing with my hands, I would have to be a good artist. Today, to carve something like this, we would need software and hardware, meaning machine high-tech machines and tools.

Second question, and the most important question is: Why? Why did they have to create this kind of laterally inverted, mirror image of a carving? What could possibly the purpose for going through such pains to create it? And the position of these 2 carvings are quite intriguing as well. They are not randomly placed, one is on the left side of the temple and the other is on the right side, as though they are trying to create a symmetry, especially something called “bilateral symmetry”

But let’s go to the level of cells  and see how this was created, right? Biologists will tell us, well there is one cell and then it multiplies into 2, we are going to see something very similar to this. But this is not mere multiplication right? It is mirrored for natural symmetry. This is very hard to explain. So, this is my right hand, and if I multiply it, and put  another hand right next to it, does it look like natural symmetry? No! It is multiplied by 2, it is even identical,  but it is not symmetrical, it actually looks weird, because it is not natural.

In order to make it symmetrical, I have to laterally invert this hand, l have to make a mirror image, which is what my left hand is, my left hand is a natural mirror image of my right hand. What you are looking at on screen, is actually a laterally inverted image placed next to my right hand, this is not my left hand, but you cannot tell the difference, unless you look at my “alien blood line” showing on my ring finger. Because this is what Nature is doing to all of us, it is creating a mirror image along a symmetrical point. This is extraordinary, and scientists are still debating over why this nature is doing this.

But this carving shows that ancient builders of India, were following the same laws that nature is using. They did not create 2 carvings which look identical. They created 2 carvings in mirrored fashion for natural symmetry. And ancient builders seem to have understood something much more fascinating. If you take a cell, that cell multiplies in mirrored fashion. So one cell multiplies into 2, 2 into 4, 4 into 8, 8 into 16 and so on.

If we study the geometry and symmetry of the Kailasanathar temple,  It has been designed using the same system.  Of course this is 1 temple, but it has 2 secret passages known as the gate of death and the gate of birth, on either side of the center point.  It has 4 towers on the outer walls in the 4 sided rectangle.  Has 8 pyramids around the main tower specifically designed to show 8 avatars Shiva. But it does not stop there, 8 times 2 is 16.  Inside the main chamber is a 16 faceted lingam with perfect angles of 22.5 degrees between each sides. Another classic example of “primitive” technology. 16 multiplied by 2, you get 32. There are 32 bulls or Nandhis placed all around the temple. Some are on the ground, some are on top of the wall, and some are just completely gone. 32 times 2 is the number 64, and there are 64 avatars of Shiva carved on these walls.

And it is very interesting to see something here,  even though we do have every avatar of Shiva carved at least twice in this temple, this carving, the one that shows the cosmic dance of Shiva, is the only carving that is laterally inverted. All other carvings are not mirror images. Why is this? How is this cosmic dance related to nature, and laws of nature?  Was the cosmic dance of Shiva laterally inverted, to make us understand about  bilateral symmetry? And also, how did ancient builders come up with such remarkable symmetry and geometry?

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Indian – Chinese Connection Revealed at Mahabalipuram!

Hey guys, many of you have messaged me about why the Indian Prime Minister Modi has chosen Mahabalipuram to  meet the Chinese President Xi Jinping. This meeting is happening today.  Mahabalipuram is a very ancient site, and these 2 big powers meeting in this area has sparked a great interest. Why are they meeting here? Because of the history between India and China which spans for more than 2000 years. This area around Mahabalipuram was ruled by a dynasty called the Pallava, and let us take a look at this ancient temple built by Pallavas called Tiruparameswara Vinnagaram.

And here, the walls are adorned with thousands of Hindu Gods and human beings, but here you can find something very strange. A chinese figure. He must be a very important figure, because this is a big size carving and it is flanked by plenty of helpers. He is in a seated position and his moustache is pointing down along with a slim, narrow beard – these are classic features showing  that he is chinese. Who is he? And why is he carved in this ancient temple? This is a Chinese traveler by the name of Faxian also known as Fa-Hien in India. He visited India around 400 A.D, yes that is 1600 years ago. And we are looking at this historical carving in this same area –  Mahabalipuram, and this temple belongs to same Pallava dynasty . The place where the Indian leader and Chinese leader are meeting now is less than 40 miles from this temple. And Faxian did not come  alone, because we can see more carvings of Chinese people carved in the same temple. Here is a thinner chinese figure. You can see that he has a long beard and a pointy moustache. You can see his sharp nose, and he carries a typical chinese umbrella. This is a clear trademark of Chinese travelers. He is shown pointing his finger to a Giant Hindu God. Of course that is a mystery which needs to be solved.

But, there must be a reason why both leaders are specifically meeting in Mahabalipuram. The reason is this. Mahabalipuram area is considered the birthplace of Bodhidharma, which even has a carving of him.  Bodhidharma was Pallava prince who renounced his Royal life, and went to China, also around 400 or 500 A.D, about the same time as Faxian. He is considered the founder of Shaolin Kung Fu, and respected as a great philosopher who is widely worshiped in China.

So, who traveled first? Did Indians go to China first? Or did Chinese come to India before them? It appears that Indians went to China first, specifically for spreading Buddhism. Remember, Buddhism was born in India and then gradually spread to a lot of a Asian countries. In fact Buddhism is now much more popular in China than India. Buddhist missionaries from India went to China even 2000 years ago, to spread the teachings of Lord Buddha.

The very first recorded Chinese travelers like Faxian and Xuanzang came to India to learn about the origin of Buddhism, which means Buddhism had already spread far and wide in China before them. But in the last 1500 years, there must have been plenty of trade and commerce going back and forth between China and India. Ancient Hindu temples show a lot of Chinese figures in their carvings. The Indian word ‘Cheeni’ meaning white sugar, clearly shows that it originally came from China. Not only do temples like Brihadeeswara temples show Chinese figures,  plenty of Chinese artifacts were found even in palaces of Indian kings from 10th century. And most of these historical and archeological evidences are found in the southernmost state of Tamil Nadu, around the Mahabalipuram area.

So now you know why Mahabalipuram was selected for the meeting between the Indian and Chinese leaders. History just repeats itself and we can expect more trade and commerce to flow between the 2 countries, just like the last 2000 years.  China is currently India’s largest trading partner and this will probably continue in the future, just like the past.

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Hindu Goddess of LAZINESS? The Curious Case of Jyestha Devi

Hey guys, today I want to show you a very strange Hindu Goddess carved in the ancient Kailsanathar Temple. As you can see there are three goddesses here, the one in the center is standing majestically on top of a Lion. Her name is Durga and let’s not focus on that Flying Saucer or UFO like craft on top of her. I am here to focus on this Goddess, on the left. This is a very strange and interesting carving.

It looks like the complete opposite of Hindu deities we have seen.  I have shown you thousands of ancient Indian carvings, and the carvings of goddesses are almost always very lean and fit. But here is somebody who is overweight, who does not look very healthy. Look very carefully, her eyes are closed, she looks like she is sleeping. Who is this Goddess? And why is she portrayed like this and what is the story behind this?

This is a deity called Jyestha, she is the Goddess of Laziness, she is the Goddess of misfortune, poverty , sickness and sorrow. This is unique right? Hinduism has thousands of deities, but they are mostly associated with good things, but this one represents all the bad things.

What does Jyestha mean? The word Jyestha actually means elder or older in Sanskrit. Older to who? She is the elder sister of this deity called Lakshmi, who is shown directly on the opposite side of the wall. Lakshmi is the goddess prosperity, good fortune and beauty. And it is carved intentionally with a sharp contrast. Remember, we are looking at carvings that are at least 1300 years old. And the carvings have gone through significant erosion, corrosion and even human destruction, but we can still see the amazing contrast between them and understand them.

Look at how Lakshmi is carved. She is incredibly fit, sits with a straight back with only leg on the ground, and the other leg folded up. Now look at Jyestha. Look at how she is shown over weight and Look at the comfortable posture, sitting in sort of a very cushy, lazy way with both her feet on the ground.  There is a Buffalo headed man, standing next to her. The buffalo is a very slow, lazy animal and in South India this figure is called Maanthan,  sometimes thought of as a son of Jyestha. On the other side a girl, known as Maanthini has a mischievous smile, probably out of guilt from wrong doing. If you look at Lakshmi, she has a cow, a symbol of fertility and abundance on one side,  and lion, a symbol of Bravery on to her other side.

Two more weird features of Jyestha, she is shown with a broom stick,  which symbolizes that she is not very clean. You wouldn’t normally sit next to a broom stick or a trash can. And then she is also shown with a crow, crow is the ultimate scavenger bird which eats anything, dead or alive. It is fantastic to observe all these details of this very strange goddess. It is easy to understand the symbolism, if you are lazy and dirty, you will end up being poor and unhealthy.

Remember what I told you, This temple, the Kailasanathar temple is full of amazing symbolism, a few videos back, I showed you how these animals are telling us to go and find these secret chambers. This temple is full of such information.

 In ancient Hindu tradition, all goddesses are supposed to fall under 2 categories. One is called Sowmya which means charming or pleasing, and the other is called Ugra which means fierce or scary. I have mostly shown you  Sowmya type carvings, but sometimes I show you UGRA type also, these are really scary and fearsome. But Jyestha is an exception to this rule. Because it is neither charming, nor scary. It is merely unimpressive, 99% of the visitors will easily overlook this carving, unless you are like me, examining each and every carving in the temple.

But history is a very strange subject. Not only are we looking at a piece of history here, even this deity has her own history, she was not always carved fat. This temple is 1300 years old, but even older statues of Jyestha exist in South India, and surprisingly, she was shown as a thin, lean girl. Known more commonly as Tavvai or Moodevi in this region, she is carved with beautiful features.

In villages, even today, looking at this deity is considered a sin. In some places, the statue’s eyes are sealed with turmeric, so she cannot lay eyes on you. Another very interesting routine, it is said that if you have looked at her statue, you should show it to at least 3 friends. If you fail to do it, you may get sick or face trouble. Wait, you have seen her in this video, so you have to share this video to at least 3 friends, otherwise you may get problems.

Praveen Mohan