Scariest Ancient Weapon Ever? Man Catcher aka Sasumata

 

Hey guys, today we are going to look at this unique and weird ancient weapon. This is called the Man Catcher and the weapon originated in India in ancient times and we will get to that later. But you can immediately begin to see why this is called the Man-Catcher. Imagine this tree trunk is somebody’s neck. You would thrust this weapon on to a person’s neck and it would just slide in. But when the victim tries to pull free, he cannot get out of it. The man catcher is a unique weapon because its primary purpose is to catch or restrain an individual, and not to kill him. So, we can call this a tool, because it is not really a weapon, used for killing somebody. Technically, You use this tool and not fight with it.

The man catcher, the iron part is actually small, just about one foot long, but it will be typically mounted on a long pole and the design is very interesting. They have 2 flap like structures which are attached to 2 more tensile spring like curves. So when you force it on a man’s neck, the flaps will give way and you can move it forward and catch him. However, the flaps will not move out, so it acts like a one way valve. You need at least 2 people to release it, so there is no way for a man to escape this, by himself. And look at these spikes all around , it will make sure that the victim cannot try to run away and he can’t even move rapidly, because the spikes would hurt him.

This particular man catcher is actually about 200 years old and was used by British. This is an antique artifact and my friend Jayesh has an extraordinary collection of all types of antiques, and has a countless number of ancient weapons. It is said that these man-catchers were used in British India to control Violent criminals. Of course, there are much simpler models of this, some just have a u shaped structure on a pole.

So, why was the Man-Catcher invented? Isn’t easier to just use a knife or a sword against an enemy? The man-catcher was originally invented by Hindu saints of India who did not want to kill the attacker, but wanted to restrain them. Hindus believe that killing or hurting someone was a sin, even if that person was attacking you. But you also had to save your own life, and man-catcher is the perfect weapon for the job. So, the Hindu saints made it a custom to carry this tool and called it Dhandam or Dhanda. . This was the very first and the most simple man-catcher and was used at least 2000 years ago. If anyone came to attack them, the saints would restrain them using the man catcher.
It is said that about 1500 years ago, Bodhidharma, an Indian prince took this weapon to China and Japan, and used it to control lawless criminals. Bodhidharma is considered the founding father of Kung Fu and he introduced this weapon and called it Sasumata, which roughly means “Taken Alive” in Sanskrit language.

While Indians have completely forgotten about this ancient tool, the Japanese, Chinese and even Thai people are actively using the Man-Catcher today and they still call it Sasumata. They find it ideal for restraining an attacker without hurting him. Even if he has a knife, the man catcher has a long handle so you will have enough distance and it would be impossible for him to attack you. And even police officials are using this today and if you have a couple of people with these Sasumatas you can totally corner an attacker and completely subdue him.

Now we saw how the man catcher went from India to China and Japan 1500 years ago. Eventually, the Man-Catcher reached the Europeans, and they began using it in the medieval period. It became a very popular tool in Europe, and they were very creative in using this. For example, they used it to catch a person, a rich person and they would not release him, unless he paid them a ransom. In Europe, the man catcher was also called a “catchpole”.

Now the best use of this weapon was in defending a castle. When you are trying to breach a castle, you would eventually have your soldiers climb the walls of the castle using ladders. This was the classic move in castle warfare. Now, imagine you are the first person who has climbed on the ladder and when you are just over the castle wall, a person from inside the castle, uses the man-catcher on you. You will end up completely restrained. You may have an armor to protect you, and you may have a sword, but you can’t move away, you can’t attack the other person and you will be kicking and screaming on top of the ladder, and none of the other soldiers below you on the ladder can climb up. So man-catchers were very very effective in defending castles, all we need is a lot of soldiers with man catchers ready to use them on the attackers who come up using ladders. And the soldiers can catch these attackers using the Mancatcher and then just hold them in the same position and let them keep their feet on the ladder. So these man catchers will completely make these ladders useless.

Is this just my fancy theory? No, in fact, there is an excellent Castle in Austria called the Hochosterwitz castle. This was built more than a thousand years ago and is famous for its 14 gates and locals maintain that no enemy has gone beyond the 4th gate. Authorities confirm that they had a total of about 200 man catchers to defend the castle. Such a large number of man catchers proves that they were used to restrain enemies who tried to climb the walls using ladders.

Now, Even though the man catchers are fading away in real life, the really cool part is that today’s gamers have revived this weapon virtually. For example, It is used in the Warhammer game, by these rat people and the man catcher is used in very creative ways. Here you can see a person is caught using the Man catcher and this person is just raised up and it is sort of like, hanging him to death. The man catcher was also featured in one of the Assassin’s Creed movies. So it is becoming more and more popular in the United States.

In Russia, the man catcher was actually used as a bear catcher, to catch bears in real life. Until about a hundred years ago, Russian hunters took these for hunting, and used it to catch bears. Imagine catching a full size bear with nothing other than this weapon, that was considered as a great act of bravery in medieval Russia. So you can see how a simple, defensive tool created by Indian saints traveled all over the world and evolved into one of the most creative devices.

Praveen Mohan

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Ancient Warangal Fort – A Mass Manufacturing Megalithic Factory?

Hey guys, today let us take a look at the famous Warangal Fort in India. This is one of the strangest ancient sites, at first look, we can see thousands and thousands of rocks, cut in various shapes, strewn all over this site. I mean you can literally find any geometric shape you want in this site – this is extraordinary stone work.

When you hear the name Warangal Fort, you expect to see a fort or fortifications or crude walls, but here you will find some of the most beautiful carvings, this was definitely not built as a fort. . A fort does not need such beautiful, artistic carvings and complex geometric shapes. Historians also agree that this site is not a fort, but they merely call this a fort, because it is surrounded by fortifications many miles away, but they have no idea what the actual purpose of this place was. Why do we have so many rocks piled up? And in these piles, we can also find some of the most exotic Hindu Gods lying in the dirt. These statues are priceless and are actually worth millions of dollars. In India, you can see they are just left lying around in dirt.

Because we find several idols like this, some have argued that this site was built as a temple, and it was later ruined. Was this site, once an ancient temple? and was it ruined by nature or humans? If you examine the site carefully, you can find something weird. There are at least a dozen different types of rocks. This is Red Stone, this is black basalt, and this is granite. This is bizarre, because if a temple was built with a combination of all these rocks, it will look ugly. All Hindu temples are usually built with the same type of rock, it would be impossible to use so many types of rocks for constructing a single temple.

And the entrances to this confirm that this was not a temple. The entire site is surrounded by 4 entrances which are just incredibly huge, they are each 33 feet tall. There are no walls surrounding it either, this is very unique, a temple does not need such tall entrances and Hindu temples always have an outer wall around them. If this was not a temple and this was not a fort, what was going on here? What was the actual purpose of this site?

No one has come up with a solid answer to this question, but after analyzing this place carefully, I can say this entire place was built as a manufacturing site, as a factory for mass manufacturing, megalithic stone objects. Now, what I am saying goes against all the theories of archeologists and historians. They believe that every ancient temple was built by local artisans and stone masons, who cut stone blocks and carved statues on site, within the temple premises. But Warangal Fort shows something extraordinary, it shows that the pillars, statues, and even blocks for walls were built at a completely different location, a mass manufacturing site. This was the purpose of this site.

Look at these rectangular blocks for example, there are hundreds of them. They have the most amazing geometrical patterns, and each one is different from the others. What are these rectangular blocks? If we visit the temples around this area, you will realize that these blocks are actually centerpieces of ceilings in Hindu temples. All Hindu temples, have these blocks fixed on top of the main deity. There is usually one such piece in each temple. And we find hundreds of these ceiling pieces in this site, this proves that these pieces were created here to be transported to hundreds of different temples. Look at all these blocks, do you see what they are? This is just scrap, left over from mass manufacturing, just like how we get scrap metal from a metal processing company.
And the location of this site confirms this, Warangal Fort is located at the dead center and hundreds of temples are built all around it. This information is stunning because it shows that whoever built this civilization had extraordinary intelligence, this kind of planning, logistics and implementation does not even exist today in India. Having a central manufacturing site at a perfect location to transport finished stone blocks to all the temples. This is fantastic.

But the question is WHY? What is the need to have a central manufacturing site for just temple parts? Why can’t they just cut stone blocks and carve statues on the temple site itself? Now, why do we mass manufacture anything? When we need a car, why don’t we build our own car and let the car company manufacture it? Because, mass manufacturers use advanced machining technology, which you and I don’t have. This is why mass manufacturers exist. Is it possible that Warangal Fort was also using advanced machining technology? Is this why they were able to create thousands of these temple parts? I mean look at this lingam. Is it possible to create it with chisels, hammers and just primitive tools? Take a look at these ceiling parts. They look incredible, but if you pick any one of them, and try to explain it in words, you understand the how complex these blocks are. For example, this one has a protruding bud in the center, Note that it also has 8 small petals ready to come out on top of it. The bud is sitting on another small circle and is surrounded by 3 perfect circles which are concentric, and they all have many petals carved on them. All these circles are placed in a perfect square which fits inside a perfect rhombus, flanked by 4 small squares, and everything is fit inside this bigger square. And this is all done in 3 dimension, this is not on painted on paper. There are so many protrusions and depressions. If you look at these flower like patterns, I mean they look amazing from the top, but when you look at them from the side, they actually look like petals coming out in 3D. And if you touch these petals, it can literally cut your fingers, that’s how sharp the finish is. It is impossible to do this with primitive tools. We have clear evidence of drilling technology on this site, they must have had drilling tools to accomplish this level of drilling. And how do we explain these minute holes found in these carvings?

Look at this polygonal lingam which is in ruins. Observe the sides and the finish on the surface. And look at the bottom, Was it really made with primitive tools? Take a look at this pillar, you can literally use this flat surface as a mirror, if you pour water on top of this surface. If I give you a chisel and hammer today, can you achieve this level of polishing?

And look at this Latticework, these are called Jali in India. We have people who insist that these were created using geopolymer technology, even though we believe that this technology was invented only in the last century.
Whether these are geopolymers or rocks, one thing is certain: ancient builders were definitely using advanced machining technology, and Warangal Fort was the mass manufacturing factory. They were mass manufacturing these pieces and then transporting them to various locations of the temples, and whoever designed this entire set up must have had very high intelligence.

I keep saying whoever, because archeologists and historians establish something very clearly. There are no inscriptions on this site, and the origin of Warangal Fort is shrouded in mystery. Some people think it was built by a dynasty called Kakatiyas, but we have solid evidence that this structure predates these rulers by centuries, may be even by thousands of years. Nobody really knows who set up this ancient manufacturing site, and how long it operated. Did we once have an ancient civilization with advanced technology which was eventually wiped out? The people who came here after many centuries, merely inherited these stones, and they must have had very limited knowledge because they actually tried to put these pieces together, and build structures. Here you can see how they have pieced the ceiling blocks to make a wall. This was not a good idea and obviously you can see why their attempt failed. Not to mention the Islamic Invader Alauddin Khalji who invaded this place. His army tried to deface each and every stone block which had human or animal figures, but I think he simply could not finish the destruction. This is an elephant, but now it looks almost like a pig. And experts confirm that the invaders also took many of the rectangular stone blocks from here and built this structure called Kush Mahal, which is just half a mile away.

The human beings in the 12th century had very limited intelligence, they were pretty much like us: They had wars, looted and damaged everything, and they just thought that these were pieces of a temple that needed to be put together. The ancient civilization was definitely far more advanced, we can literally see this by looking at their machining technology. These circular parts cannot be created without lathe machines. Look at the perfect circle, but then look at it in 3 dimension, look at the turning and the steps of this structure, this cannot be created without a lathe machine. In a previous video, I showed you an ancient lathe set up, lying in the dirt in Hampi. And look at this square slot in the center, and look at the identical slot in Warangal fort.
All these parts are were created in lathe machines, and then assembled with these pillars in various temples. All these pillars which are fully assembled were put together by the archeology department.

There are also solid, monolithic pillars, exquisitely carved, lying on the ground. They have beautiful designs and deities carved on them. And we can also see independent statues of animals like this lion for example, this is my personal favorite statue here. It looks like it was molded, just like how we melt and cast plastic. Now, remember we saw so many varieties of rocks. These rocks like granite and black basalt are very hard rocks and basically, you would need a harder material to cut them. Today we use diamond tipped tools. Were ancient builders using diamond tipped tools, I mean how did they make such precision cuts? The hardness of the rock is so important, it would be impossible to cut such hard rocks with simple tools.

I think all this is definitive proof of lost ancient technology and high tech machining, and confirms that Warangal Fort was built as a mass-manufacturing factory. What do you think? Was Warangal Fort built as a mass manufacturing site for megalithic stones? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan

ūüĎĹ Mysterious ‘Ravana Rocks’ Found in Sigiriya – Ancient Aliens in Sri Lanka?

Hey guys, today we are going to explore this place called Sigiriya in Sri Lanka which is commonly known as Ravana’s Palace. It is a very fascinating place and on top of this rockwe have some amazing ruins. But once you reach the top and you observe what’s on at the ground level, we can see some really bizarre details. Sigiriya is surrounded by a massive jungle, and we can see numerous huge rocks placed all around. To a regular tourist, this appears quite normal – it is only natural to have rocks on the ground. But if you zoom in with your camera, you realize that these rocks have been put there and have the most bizarre tool marks which cannot be explained.

For example, look at this rock. It literally has hundreds of small cubes cut out of it.And on the top we even have a larger cube cut out, as though someone wanted to sit there and perform some kind of an experiment. Why would anyone scoop out hundreds of cubes on a rock that is in the middle of a jungle? This is not an isolated case. Pay close attention to what is around this rock,  you can see there is yet another rock hidden and it also has these cube marks all over it.

I have spotted so many rocks like this, look at this rock. Again, located in the middle of the jungle with nothing around it, but trees. Has so many cubes cut out all over it. Why? If you look at the panoramic view from the top of Sigiriya, this whole jungle is full of hundreds of these rocks, if not thousands – Am I saying all these rocks have been worked on? Actually, Yes, that is exactly what I am saying. ¬†How about this rock for example, it looks natural to the human eye. Is this a natural rock untouched by ancient builders? If you zoom in, you can see the tool marks, the same cube marks cut all over it,¬† but, may be you are not satisfied, because I wasn’t satisfied myself, so let us go down and take a look at how it looks from the ground level. This is how at it looks from the ground level. I mean look at these tool marks, this is just bizarre. We have to admit that ancient builders were doing something which is beyond our understanding.

After exploring this area for so many days, I can tell you that the jungle is full of these rocks which have all been worked on. And archeologists have no idea why these cuts were made. We simply don’t understand what ancient builders were doing with these rocks. The technology behind this is so far advanced, we have no idea why these were created. And this raises a very important question: Did they just work on the rocks that were already here Or did they also transport and place these rocks here, strategically all around the Sigiriya Rock?¬† I ask this, because it appears that these rocks are strategically placed, and looks as though they were set up to make it specifically visible from the top of Sigiriya.

Now, let’s go back to why these cubes were scooped out, archeologists have no answer for this, but locals call them ‘Ravana Rocks’ and claim that originally these cube slots had lenses attached to them. It is said that lenses made of crystals were placed in these slots. Imagine how it would have looked, this would be a stunning sight to see. What would have been the purpose of this? Was it some kind of a light technology, were they used to focus sunlight to a specific point? Today we use various lenses like fresnel lens for example to heat, melt and tap solar energy.

Were ancient builders using a similar technology?  Remember we saw these grooves and holes all over the rock face on the Sigiriya Rock itself. Were lenses placed on these slots and holes as well? Is this why we see these weird cuts and slots all around? What could be the purpose behind placing thousands of lenses in clusters all around a place like this? Why did ancient builders do this?

Praveen Mohan

 

5000 Year Old MAGIC Jar Unearthed in India? Defies Law of Gravity?

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an extraordinary artifact known as “Magic Krishna” , this is currently displayed at the Chennai Museum in India. This weird looking item is about 300 years old, and it looks like it is made of plastic, but is made completely out of clay. The specialty of this container is that, it defies the law of gravity and the laws of physics. Now, I am going to demonstrate how this jar defies the laws of nature. On the bottom, we can clearly see that there is a hole right at the center and if you pour water on the top, the water should normally drain through the bottom hole. However, when we pour water at the top, you can see that the water does not leak through the bottom hole. Instead, the water level slowly rises as you pour more water, and once the water touches the feet of this idol, the water somehow magically starts draining through the bottom hole.

But it does not stop, the entire water completely drains out of the container. This does not make any sense at all, this defies the laws of nature. Normally, when there is a hole at the bottom, the water should begin draining immediately as we pour water on the top. This will happen due to gravity, but this is an anti-gravity jar, so the water doesn’t come out through the hole. And here is the second problem: the water doesn’t drain even when we fill it halfway, and it appears as though it begins draining as we add more and more weight of water. If this is the case, the hole must stop draining as the water comes down to half level. We expect that only a certain amount of water would drain.
But somehow, when the water touches the idol’s feet, the water begins draining and it drains out everything completely. How does this happen? Is this some kind of a magic jar? Is this why it is safely kept behind glass doors in a Museum? Yes, it is in fact a Magic Jar, and this is the idol of Lord Krishna, a Magical Indian God. Archeologists confirm that this is a rare artifact, and only one such container exists in all of India.

In ancient times, magic jars like these were used in many temples and an interesting story was told while giving a demonstration and I am going to tell you that story now. About 5000 years ago, Lord Krishna was born, and his uncle wanted to kill him immediately. So in an attempt to save his life, baby Krishna was secretly taken away by his father, who decided to carry him across the river Yamuna. As his father was crossing the river, the water level began rising. His Father begged the river to subside, but the water level kept on rising. But when the river Yamuna finally touched Lord Krishna’s feet, it completely drained out and became dry, so the Father and Son could cross the river safely. The river Yamuna later revealed that it wanted to desperately touch Lord Krishna’s feet and get his blessings. So, this is why the water level keeps rising until it touches Krishna’s feet and once it touches his feet, everything will drain out.

So, how does it really work? I decided to recreate this magic jar and here you can see that I have built a rectangular tank and at the bottom, there is a hole. On the top, I have built a similar cylindrical structure and I have glued an idol of Lord Krishna, hoping that the water will behave similarly. And as I keep pouring water, the water does not drain through the bottom hole, because water naturally wants to touch Krishna’s feet but watch carefully when the water touches Lord Krishna’s feet, all the water begins magically draining out, leaving the container empty. Now, the key to this is hidden underneath this cylinder, it does not have a complex valve system or anything like that, all we need is a U-tube or a U-bend set up inside the container. One of the bends fits into the hole , and the other leg is set up very close to the floor of the tank. Now, if I pour water, nothing happens until the water touches the bend, water will not drain through the bottom hole. But once that level is reached, which is where the Krishna’s feet would be strategically placed, the water will begin draining, but it won’t stop until everything gets completely drained out. Scientists call this a Siphon.

What you saw in the museum was only about 300 years old, but it is believed that the very first magic jar with the same principle was created at the time of Krishna, who lived about 5000 years ago. Ancient India is known for making these anti-gravity or magic containers – in a previous video I showed you another jar which defies the law of gravity, it is known as Karigiri Jar. It does not have a mouth but it has holes on both top and bottom, but the water does not come out through the top or bottom holes, you can only get the water out through the designated spout.

In the western world, a container similar to the ‘Magic Krishna’ was designed about 2500 years ago, by Pythagoras. Yes, this is the same Pythagoras, the guy who proved that the sum of the squares of 2 sides is equal to the square of the hypotenuse. This is called a Pythagoras Cup. I have made a simple model of this using a plastic cup and a straw. He used these cups to tell a completely different story. Pythagoras would give these empty cups to his friends and they could all pour wine and drink from these cups. However, if someone got too greedy and decided to completely fill the cup, the entire cup would become empty. So, the moral of the Pythagoras’s cup was not to be greedy, and always try to keep a fair share and not get too much. If you try to get everything, you will end up getting nothing. And you can also simply rename this as Magic Krishna as well, if we conceal the straw and place an idol of Krishna here, it will not drain the liquid until it reaches a certain height… And once it reaches a certain height, which would be the same spot where Krishna’s feet would be set up, all the liquid will drain out completely.
I have heard a slightly different Hindu Story, which will give you a different result in the Magic Krishna jar. While river Yamuna is considered a devotee of Lord Krishna, the river Ganga is said to be a devotee of Lord Shiva. And Yamuna is represented by water, but Ganga is actually represented by Mercury, liquid mercury. In Indian alchemy, mercury is considered as Lord Shiva’s body fluid. And if we mix Ganga and Yamuna in this container, will it still give us the same output? If I pour mercury and water side by side, can Krishna do his magic? Ganga is considered as the holiest river, and also has magical properties and Ganga only worships Shiva, and not Krishna. So, when we add Ganga or mercury along with Water, we can see that the ‘Magic Krishna’ does not work. Even though we have filled this container up, the mercury and water are not draining. Why?

Because Yamuna or Water does not have enough power to move Ganga or mercury, up the siphon. Of course Ganga is the heaviest of all rivers, I mean mercury is the heaviest of all liquids. And the only way to make this work with mercury is by adding pure mercury, all the way to the top. And of course, you can see how ancient Hindus were talking about science purely using symbolic names. It is very fascinating to see that ancient Indians understood the laws of physics, gravity and siphon and they always had a strange way of mixing religion and science. Remember I showed you the inverted shadow of a tower in a temple at Hampi, which is also based on laws of physics. India is full of these weird artifacts and carvings which use a combination of religion and science to create quote on quote “Magic”.

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Secret of Symbols Found in Palm-Leaf Manuscripts? Indian Writing System Revealed

Hey guys, today we are going to look at how ancient Indians wrote and preserved their sacred texts. Around the world, there have been many different writing practices, the Egyptians were using Papyrus, Sumerians used clay tablets, but in India, Palm-Leaves were used. The earliest known palm leaf manuscript is about 2600 years old, and almost all ancient Indian texts were exclusively written on these palm leaves, and only a very small portion was written on metal plates and on stones as inscriptions. I have shown you several ancient stone inscriptions in my other videos, but in this video let us focus on Palm-Leaf Manuscripts. My friend Jayesh has a large collection of these manuscripts so let us take a closer look at them.

Here you can see palm leaves which date back several centuries and the question that immediately pops into your mind is this: How do palm leaves survive for this many centuries? Why are they not damaged by termites, dampness or by mere human touch? These palm leaves are carefully prepared from a specific type of palm called Borassus or Palmyra Palm. The young shoots are cut off from the tree and these shoots are boiled in water and then dried in shade for several days. After drying, the palm leaves would be polished using pumice stone. At this stage, the palm leaf would be ready for writing.

So what kind of pen and ink were used? This weird device was used for writing, and there is no ink involved. It looks very strange, but this instrument has a pointed stylus on one end and there is a knife on the other end. Did they use the knife as a weapon? No, they used it to cut the leaf into desired size. The pointy stylus did not dip into a pot of ink, but the stylus was pressed with sufficient pressure to imprint words, we can still use the same process and inscribe words on palm leaves . And we can read the words – this reads Palm Leaf. We do see some manuscripts which have used ink, writing with ink was practiced in Tibet, and in some other parts of ancient India, But the most popular writing process, was inscribing words on these leaves without ink.

And the question is WHY? Why did they not use ink, unlike other cultures? Because it is easy to erase, modify and tamper with original writings if ink is used. On the other hand, there is no way to change the contents of these palm leaves. This why ancient Indians preferred this method and I suspect that this is one of the key reasons why India still has so many ancient texts which have not been tampered with.

Now, back to the question of, how did these palm leaves survive for so many centuries? After writing on these palm leaves, they used a compound of turmeric and another herb to protect these leaves. This paste was thoroughly smeared on all sides, so it will not become damp or be attacked by insects. This is why we still have these manuscripts in excellent condition. These leaves will then be tied together using a string made of bamboo or coir.

Going back to the stylus, my friend collects antiques, and has collected so many different types of styluses. This is the simplest and perhaps the oldest one, it is just a sharp, nail like stylus. There are several ones made of ivory, ivory was very popular back then. Almost all of the ivory ones have knives included for cutting the leaves. The styluses from Sri Lanka have a stand at the bottom, so they can stand upright on tables. And we can see many other types of Styli made of bull horns, deer horns, wood and metal and some people also have the owner’s name carved on it as well, we can still read this today. Scribes typically use something called a sharpening stone, to sharpen their stylus periodically.

Most of these palm leaf manuscripts are written in ancient Tamil language, although some leaves written in Sanskrit language are also found from time to time. Today, Hindus have a strange habit, they make a mark on top of the page before beginning to write anything. In South India, this mark looks like the number 2 and an underline and two dots, but has no meaning and this symbol is known as ‘Pillayar Suzhi’. In the North, they use the letter Shri on top before writing anything. Today, many educated people laugh at this practice and point out that ancient Hindus were superstitious and began their writing with a prayer. Is this a meaningless superstition?

Let us go back in time, about a thousand years ago, imagine you are a scribe, and your job is to write on palm leaves. When you receive a fresh set of palm leaves, what would you do? Should you begin writing immediately? No, because halfway through your writing, you may realize that the palm leaf has not been properly processed and it can get torn when you inscribe a complicated letter with a stylus. So you have to test the leaves before writing anything. This is why you make this mark and use a circle, a curve and some lines to make sure the leaves have been properly processed to withstand the inscription. So, ancient Indians were actually quite pragmatic and were even clever enough to make this into a universal system across the nation.
Praveen Mohan

Ancient Kailasa Nathar Temple was NOT built with Stones? Advanced Technology Revealed!

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a very different technology used many centuries ago in India. This ancient site is known as Warangal Fort and it is a massive site which is completely in ruins now. You can see that it does not look like a fort at all, but this place is called a fort because there are many levels of fortifications and defense systems around this, but they have a much larger circumference, so we can’t see them from here. Today, let’s specifically look at how these rocks were cut. When you first enter the site, you are amazed at the thousands of rocks that are just strewn around like piles of garbage. When you examine these rocks closely, you are amazed because ..just see how complex each block is. How were the magnificent structures created? Archeologists and historians are adamant and claim that all these structures were built using nothing more than primitive tools and hard labor. Is this true? Or did ancient builders use advanced technology and high-tech machines to accomplish this feat?

Let us take a look at these stone artifacts. They have a strange Latticework done on them and are called as Jali in India. Each Jali Stone has many holes and looks like a ventilator or a window, but these are not straight slots or round holes. Each hole has many corners. But this is not the real problem, it is quite possible to carve a hole with many corners using simple tools. The problem is, all these multi-cornered holes are perfectly identical to one another. Experts are shocked at how precisely identical their dimensions are, they are perfect down to the millimeter. If we observe carefully, these designs look as though they have been made using a mechanical device like a cookie cutter. Experts agree that such precision is not possible manually. Did ancient builders use some kind of a cookie cutter like device to make these type of structures? Geologists have not examined these structures fully, but they think most of these Jalis are made of black basalt, a very hard rock. Forget ancient technology, we still don’t have a cutting device which can cut identical shapes on hard rocks like black basalt. We would have to use a computer and CNC machines to create these identical slots. Did ancient builders use something like CNC machines? Or did they use some other technology?

But this identical design is not just limited to holes, they are also seen in other blocks. For example look at this series of Lions – there are many lions in this block, but if you observe them carefully, they look identical. Remember, this site was destroyed by the Sultan of Delhi for religious reasons, and historians confirm that these stones were lying in rain and shine for at least 700 years. But even after 700 years of erosion, corrosion and willful destruction, we can only see minor damages. Look at the three dimensional gaps between them. Is it manually possible to carve underneath these areas or were they using machines like engraving, carving and drilling machines?

Historians and archeologists vehemently argue that ancient builders did everything with chisels and hammers and did not use rotating machines, but this site provides some solid evidence that drilling machines were used in ancient times. Here we can see a perfectly drilled hole. Do these look like chisel marks? You can see these concentric circles caused by the flutes of a drill bit. Archeologists confirm that these are in fact ancient tool marks. This is how it looks after lying in rain and shine for at least 700 years and look at how perfect it looks. Imagine how it would have looked when it was created. So we know as a matter of fact that ancient builders were using rotating drilling and carving machines, but is this how these Jalis are made? Even with mechanized carving tools, it would still be impossible to make such identical holes. So, they must have used some other kind of technology to create these designs.

To understand this, we need to look at how Jalis are made today. In India, Jali making is not only considered an ancient art, but Jalis are still widely used in rural homes even today. So, how do they make these identical designs? The answer is quite simple, they don’t use hard substances like rocks, they use soft substances like clay or liquid cement and then cast them into identical pieces. For example, we can pour concrete or put wet cement into a cast and after it solidifies, it looks and feels as hard as a rock. Surprisingly, the Jali makers of India whose families have been working in this field for many centuries tell us that this is exactly the same process they have been doing for many centuries. Today, they are using concrete, but in ancient times they used some other powders or liquid material to create ancient Jalis.

Are these Jalis in Warangal Fort really made of black basalt? Or are they made of some other materials which merely look like black basalt? Today, we use materials called Geopolymers, and we use them to build various structures. The geopolymers are soft, powdery, and are even liquids and are made of the same material as rocks and can be cast into any desired size or complex designs. Once they solidify and harden, it will be impossible to tell the difference between geopolymers and regular rocks, unless you take a sample and examine its components. Some experts have claimed this is how the Pyramid of Giza was built – according to them, these huge stone blocks are not stone blocks at all, they are geopolymer blocks. If we visit any industry which creates Geopolymer blocks using casting, we can see large tanks being used for pouring, storing and periodic usage of geopolymer liquid. Is this why Warangal Fort has these gigantic tanks?

Perhaps these tanks were also used to store and use geopolymer liquid. Were ancient builders in India, using the same technology of pouring geopolymers and casting them into desired shapes? To understand this, we need to go to one of the oldest Temples in India. This temple called the Kailasanathar temple, is at least 1300 years old. Some historians believe that this South Indian Temple served as a model of the famous Kailasa Temple in Ellora Caves. While the Kailasa Temple in the North is known for its extraordinary Rock Cutting Technology, this temple in the South is famous for something very mysterious. The rocks which make up this temple are not rocks at all. According to locals in this town and the priest of this temple, these are geopolymer blocks.

Listen to what the priest says. These walls and statues in this temple show some strange details, they don’t show the properties of normal rocks. Archeologists insist that these are made of sandstone, however many of these statues and walls have become flaky, and are slowly peeling off – this is not how sandstone behaves. And we can see something much more startling – We can see bricks laid inside these statues, and covered with rock like coating. This is definitely a sign of geopolymers because if these blocks are made of solid sandstone, it would be impossible to place bricks inside. So ancient builders were definitely using geopolymers as liquids or powders and casting them into desired shapes.

But what’s really fascinating is the number of attempts by the archeology department to renovate this temple. The temple was in very good condition until 1910, when the Archeology Department, which was then under British control decided to apply plaster on the walls and carvings in the name of preservation. However, immediately after the application of Plaster, the structure began disintegrating rapidly. The components of the geopolymer must have had a chemical reaction with the plaster, so the temple walls started peeling off. The archeology department has tried unsuccessfully at least 5 times in the last century to somehow maintain the temple, but after the initial reaction in 1910, the temple never came back to its original state, it is actually declining every year. So, I think there is no doubt that ancient builders were using geopolymer technology and I think Kailasanathar temple and Warangal Fort structures clearly prove this beyond any doubt.

But the structures in Warangal fort have not disintegrated because they have not been tampered with artificial chemicals. And Warangal fort area has some fascinating evidence like the floating rocks. Remember I have already shown you in a previous video, how ancient builders were creating floating rocks. This rock is not a naturally occurring rock, these rocks were in fact molded and cast artificially. Today, we use the same technology and call them Autoclaved Aerated Concrete or AAC blocks. So, geopolymer technology was definitely available in ancient times, however we cannot confirm if these artifacts were cast using geopolymers, unless we examine a sample in a lab.

So, what do you think? Did ancient builders in India use geopolymers? Or were these carved on solid stone using simple tools?

Praveen Mohan

 

Srirangam Temple – Evidence of Advanced Ancient Civilization

Hey guys, today we are going to take a look at this ancient temple at Srirangam. This is the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world, it actually takes up an entire island, occupying about 156 acres of land. When you drive through these towers, you are entering the temple premises, but Inside the temple campus, there is an entire city with streets, shops and houses. But don’t let the bustling modern crowd fool you, because this temple is at least 2000 years old and contains many ancient secrets inside.

The most intriguing feature of this temple, is the large number of mysterious carvings. The carvings in this temple literally debunk many of the stuff we read in history books. For example, these carvings show Chinese soldiers. This Chinese man is stabbing the back of an Indian, and this man is also being stabbed by another Chinese man behind him. The droopy mustache and the long, traditional Chinese dress with buttons called Changshan clearly prove that these are Chinese people, but according to Historians,  Faxian was the first Chinese traveler to visit India around 400 A.D. But this temple was built at least 300 years before that. So, you can see how these ancient carvings show that History books need to be updated and Chinese were visiting India and were even fighting with Indians 2000 years ago. Similarly, you can see a camel carved here, you can see the long neck, the hump and notice the typical flat feet of camels. But camels are not native to India. According to experts, camels were brought into India only about a 1000 years ago, from Middle East. So, how were sculptors able to carve the camel 2000 years ago in this temple? While historians argue that 2000 years ago, people around the world were not connected,  we can see that this ancient temple shows an advanced civilization which was connected to both east and west for many thousands of miles. We have seen evidence of even African connection in other Ancient temples.

The carvings in this temple not only give information like this, but are also extremely artistic. Here you can see this complicated animal with many, many bodies. What this actually shows is a monkey with 4 bodies, but just one head. If I cover the rest of the sides and show you the top, you can see a monkey hanging upside down. If I cover everything except the bottom, you can see the monkey in a sitting position.  Of course you can expose just the left side or right side, and you can see the other positions, of this monkey having fun.

So, you can see how sculptors carved just one face, but put 4 bodies attached to the same face. And of course if you look at it long enough, you begin to see what it actually shows. Lifecycle of monkeys and even human beings. The first stage is when you are young, and you spend it by playing. The second stage, you spend on sex. The third stage is when you spend it on raising your children. Notice the difference between the left and right position, they look similar but they are not the same. Look at the tail here, and how this young monkey is actually sitting on the back of its mother. The last stage, is of course you are old and you just wait for death to come. Is the lifecycle of monkeys very different from that of human beings? Tell me your opinion in the comments section.

And here you can see this weird animal. I have shown you a similar carving in a different temple before. If you cover one side, you see a bull. If you cover the other side, you can see an elephant. But this carving is more interesting. Apparently this guy has a weird body, look at the bottom part.  But if I cover this part, You can see two people fighting with swords. Just imagine looking at a slideshow. This is the first scene. Now, if I cover the top part, this person has actually been killed and his upper body is falling on the ground, even though the legs are still standing. So, you can see how sculptors are able to use one  panel like a motion picture.

And these carvings are not just limited to pillars, this temple has a total of 21 towers and most of the towers are completely filled with carvings and statues. Ancient Hinduism is an extremely liberal religion, you can see Lord Krishna’s life portrayed in many of these towers in great detail. Beautiful, and richly painted statues adorn these towers. But we are not allowed to climb these towers and take a closer look at them, which is why I am showing you these carvings on the pillars in detail. Here you can see 3 guys balancing themselves while bending backwards. And If you look closely, you can even see their ribs. This is a crocodile and you can see that there is a monkey inside its stomach. This actually shows a scene from an ancient Indian text.¬† And here is a very strange stone artifact. It has 5 holes, and there are two foot prints carved nearby. What is the purpose of this and how was it used?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan