Secret Sound Technology Found in India? Proof of Advanced Ancient Civilization?

Hey guys, today we are going to find something truly spectacular. We are going to find the musical instrument used by Lord Shiva. And this is supposed to be 10,000 years old. And this is going to be one of a kind. And you can see we are in the middle of nowhere but we are going to find this instrument today. This place is called Kanchanagiri in south India and this is the place where Lord Shiva has his musical instrument. It is somewhere over here and it is my job to find it.

So this is the musical instrument of Shiva and it is 10,000 years old. And you may say, well we did not have metals 10,000 years ago. I mean human beings did not use metals 10,000 years ago. Well, they did not use metals to create this instrument. We don’t know how this was created or if it is a natural formation. You don’t need a metal to strike this. I can simply use another stone…. see the reverberation. And for example, if you don’t touch this stone..you can still hear it .. like a tuning fork. let me try this.. you see there is no sound coming from this..right? there is no sound… But if I put this on top of this..you can see how it is basically taking the musical property of this on to this. This is a very strange phenomenon.

So I got the hammer when I heard about this Shiva’s musical instrument… I got a few drumsticks you know.. to play it as a drum.
Ok you may wonder why I am really standing in this awkward position..out of breath. Because it is just impossible to access it. You cannot take your vehicle whether it is a car or motorcycle. You cannot even walk, you basically have to do rock climbing… to get up and see.. this Shiva’s instrument…and of course it is totally worth it if you get up here.. but it is not for the physically weak.

And locals say something very important. On top of this rock, you cannot see a plant.. you cannot see an ant crawling.. you cannot see insects.. at night times, no animal will walk on this.. because this rock supposedly emits a strange energy. And we are going to find out if there is a strange energy coming out of this rock. We have something called a ghost meter. We will use that gadget to see if this emits some kind of energy.

And there is something else that is really strange about this.. they say that if you keep tapping this rock for a certain amount of time, with the exact number of people, the rest of the rocks around this rock, will become soft as clay. And this is the procedure that ancient builders used..they basically used the sound of these rocks to create very soft material from rock and this is why these amazing megalithic structures were built. And once we stop tapping on this rock, now whatever was as soft as clay, will slowly harden and become a regular rock. Is it possible that such a technology exists? I mean look at our civilization, we have these amazing buildings.. you know these enormous structures. Why did we get this advanced? Because we are capable of using electrical energy. At some point in time, we started to harness electric energy. But how did these amazing megalithic structures get built in ancient times? Did ancient people harness sound energy?

The name of this rock as you can see here.. there is this..faint blue paint over there. It says ‘Mani Paarai’ in Tamil which basically means a Bell Rock or a Rock Bell – that’s what it means. Of course it is obvious why this is the bell rock because it basically creates a ringing sound that’s audible to a very long distance, at least a kilometer I would say.
is this the only rock in the world which rings like a bell? That’s not true. There are several ringing rocks around the world – there is one in Pennsylvania I have visited.. and it has a lot of rocks. And all of them are ringing rocks. These are technically called sonorous rocks in geology.

A king who lived nearby wanted this rock in his palace. So he basically ordered his people to bring the rock over there.. which they did. So this rock was transported to his palace. And to his surprise, when they struck this rock in his palace it did not give a ringing tone. And of course, the king was really confused that it did not make that ringing noise in his palace. But when they really transported this rock back and put it here, it started to ring again, like a bell. Now, this is why people think this is a very mysterious rock. . you know because it was given to us by the Gods. Of course, it sounds like a superstitious fairy tale, but in Pennsylvania, in the Ringing Rock Park, you know people try to pocket these small rocks which are ringing, go to their house and they try to use it and try to reproduce the ringing sound. It does not work! There is something very weird about these specific rocks, you know? It appears as though the rocks need to be in their own place to make this ringing sound.

So, the question is .. why did the king ask his people to bring this gigantic rock to his palace? Just so he could hear the ringing sound? No! Ancient Indians used these sonorous rocks for a specific reason. They would basically lie down on it, and somebody would tap on the edges.. and this procedure would continue for hours. They believed that this would heal their body and their consciousness. Now, today.. in modern technology.. we also have something called sound therapy which is exactly the same. Now, Is it possible that ancient people were technologically much more advanced – they were creating a healing bed to help people who are sick?

Now, of course the most important question is that .. is this a natural formation? Or was it created by artificial means? If it is a natural formation, you would expect that all these rocks would make a similar .. or at least a feeble ringing sound. but that doesn’t happen. This is the only rock which has this ringing tone. And the rest of the rocks don’t. And there is also some other difference. Now, if you look at this rock face, you can see a lot of differences here. You know, it is not flat… but if you look at this plane, it looks as though somebody has worked on this rock.. you know making it flat. We don’t know if some kind of a process that went into this.. to make this into a ringing rock. And this why people call it Shiva’s musical instrument. Now, what do locals think about this? Do they believe that this is a natural formation or they think it was made by artificial means? Locals believe that this is a result of a volcanic eruption. And there is a temple nearby which has a lot of lingams which are supposedly made out of volcanic lava. And they believe that this was made .. this was cast using that volcanic lava .. which is essentially molten form of rock. Now, this might be a twisted version of saying .. we are basically melting this rock and adding certain elements and making this into a ringing rock.

Now, today is it possible to make something like this? Yes, today we have furnaces and .. we have equipment that can really melt rock … and I can basically pour molten iron or copper and then mix it up to make it into a ringing rock. We don’t know if that was the case here. In 1965, in Pennsylvania, a group of scientists went into this Ringing Rock State Park and they tried to find out why these rocks are capable of making this sound. now, of course, they crushed the rocks, they sliced them, they tried to understand the chemical properties of them, but they could not just find out why some rocks are capable of giving out this ringing tone. Of course, we definitely have to talk about extraterrestrials. Did extraterrestrials play a part in creating these type of rocks?
Do these rocks emit some kind of strange energy and this is exactly what we are going to find. We have something called a ghost meter and is capable of detecting this type of energy. So we are going to test it here.

So this is the EMF meter, mostly called the ghost meter, because it is capable of detecting even very small milligauss. The scale is essentially from 0 to 5 milligauss. So it can even detect very small amount of EMF and we wanna find out if this rock is emitting some kind of EMF. Let’s see. I don’t see anything .. to be honest with you.. I don’t see any changes at all. There doesn’t seem to be any kind of EMF that is coming out of this rock. Let me try again.. No.. No.. And I do firmly believe that even though there is no EMF on this equipment I see, there would be some other kind of energy that I am not able to detect with this gadget.

Praveen Mohan

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Ancient Warangal Fort – A Mass Manufacturing Megalithic Factory?

Hey guys, today let us take a look at the famous Warangal Fort in India. This is one of the strangest ancient sites, at first look, we can see thousands and thousands of rocks, cut in various shapes, strewn all over this site. I mean you can literally find any geometric shape you want in this site – this is extraordinary stone work.

When you hear the name Warangal Fort, you expect to see a fort or fortifications or crude walls, but here you will find some of the most beautiful carvings, this was definitely not built as a fort. . A fort does not need such beautiful, artistic carvings and complex geometric shapes. Historians also agree that this site is not a fort, but they merely call this a fort, because it is surrounded by fortifications many miles away, but they have no idea what the actual purpose of this place was. Why do we have so many rocks piled up? And in these piles, we can also find some of the most exotic Hindu Gods lying in the dirt. These statues are priceless and are actually worth millions of dollars. In India, you can see they are just left lying around in dirt.

Because we find several idols like this, some have argued that this site was built as a temple, and it was later ruined. Was this site, once an ancient temple? and was it ruined by nature or humans? If you examine the site carefully, you can find something weird. There are at least a dozen different types of rocks. This is Red Stone, this is black basalt, and this is granite. This is bizarre, because if a temple was built with a combination of all these rocks, it will look ugly. All Hindu temples are usually built with the same type of rock, it would be impossible to use so many types of rocks for constructing a single temple.

And the entrances to this confirm that this was not a temple. The entire site is surrounded by 4 entrances which are just incredibly huge, they are each 33 feet tall. There are no walls surrounding it either, this is very unique, a temple does not need such tall entrances and Hindu temples always have an outer wall around them. If this was not a temple and this was not a fort, what was going on here? What was the actual purpose of this site?

No one has come up with a solid answer to this question, but after analyzing this place carefully, I can say this entire place was built as a manufacturing site, as a factory for mass manufacturing, megalithic stone objects. Now, what I am saying goes against all the theories of archeologists and historians. They believe that every ancient temple was built by local artisans and stone masons, who cut stone blocks and carved statues on site, within the temple premises. But Warangal Fort shows something extraordinary, it shows that the pillars, statues, and even blocks for walls were built at a completely different location, a mass manufacturing site. This was the purpose of this site.

Look at these rectangular blocks for example, there are hundreds of them. They have the most amazing geometrical patterns, and each one is different from the others. What are these rectangular blocks? If we visit the temples around this area, you will realize that these blocks are actually centerpieces of ceilings in Hindu temples. All Hindu temples, have these blocks fixed on top of the main deity. There is usually one such piece in each temple. And we find hundreds of these ceiling pieces in this site, this proves that these pieces were created here to be transported to hundreds of different temples. Look at all these blocks, do you see what they are? This is just scrap, left over from mass manufacturing, just like how we get scrap metal from a metal processing company.
And the location of this site confirms this, Warangal Fort is located at the dead center and hundreds of temples are built all around it. This information is stunning because it shows that whoever built this civilization had extraordinary intelligence, this kind of planning, logistics and implementation does not even exist today in India. Having a central manufacturing site at a perfect location to transport finished stone blocks to all the temples. This is fantastic.

But the question is WHY? What is the need to have a central manufacturing site for just temple parts? Why can’t they just cut stone blocks and carve statues on the temple site itself? Now, why do we mass manufacture anything? When we need a car, why don’t we build our own car and let the car company manufacture it? Because, mass manufacturers use advanced machining technology, which you and I don’t have. This is why mass manufacturers exist. Is it possible that Warangal Fort was also using advanced machining technology? Is this why they were able to create thousands of these temple parts? I mean look at this lingam. Is it possible to create it with chisels, hammers and just primitive tools? Take a look at these ceiling parts. They look incredible, but if you pick any one of them, and try to explain it in words, you understand the how complex these blocks are. For example, this one has a protruding bud in the center, Note that it also has 8 small petals ready to come out on top of it. The bud is sitting on another small circle and is surrounded by 3 perfect circles which are concentric, and they all have many petals carved on them. All these circles are placed in a perfect square which fits inside a perfect rhombus, flanked by 4 small squares, and everything is fit inside this bigger square. And this is all done in 3 dimension, this is not on painted on paper. There are so many protrusions and depressions. If you look at these flower like patterns, I mean they look amazing from the top, but when you look at them from the side, they actually look like petals coming out in 3D. And if you touch these petals, it can literally cut your fingers, that’s how sharp the finish is. It is impossible to do this with primitive tools. We have clear evidence of drilling technology on this site, they must have had drilling tools to accomplish this level of drilling. And how do we explain these minute holes found in these carvings?

Look at this polygonal lingam which is in ruins. Observe the sides and the finish on the surface. And look at the bottom, Was it really made with primitive tools? Take a look at this pillar, you can literally use this flat surface as a mirror, if you pour water on top of this surface. If I give you a chisel and hammer today, can you achieve this level of polishing?

And look at this Latticework, these are called Jali in India. We have people who insist that these were created using geopolymer technology, even though we believe that this technology was invented only in the last century.
Whether these are geopolymers or rocks, one thing is certain: ancient builders were definitely using advanced machining technology, and Warangal Fort was the mass manufacturing factory. They were mass manufacturing these pieces and then transporting them to various locations of the temples, and whoever designed this entire set up must have had very high intelligence.

I keep saying whoever, because archeologists and historians establish something very clearly. There are no inscriptions on this site, and the origin of Warangal Fort is shrouded in mystery. Some people think it was built by a dynasty called Kakatiyas, but we have solid evidence that this structure predates these rulers by centuries, may be even by thousands of years. Nobody really knows who set up this ancient manufacturing site, and how long it operated. Did we once have an ancient civilization with advanced technology which was eventually wiped out? The people who came here after many centuries, merely inherited these stones, and they must have had very limited knowledge because they actually tried to put these pieces together, and build structures. Here you can see how they have pieced the ceiling blocks to make a wall. This was not a good idea and obviously you can see why their attempt failed. Not to mention the Islamic Invader Alauddin Khalji who invaded this place. His army tried to deface each and every stone block which had human or animal figures, but I think he simply could not finish the destruction. This is an elephant, but now it looks almost like a pig. And experts confirm that the invaders also took many of the rectangular stone blocks from here and built this structure called Kush Mahal, which is just half a mile away.

The human beings in the 12th century had very limited intelligence, they were pretty much like us: They had wars, looted and damaged everything, and they just thought that these were pieces of a temple that needed to be put together. The ancient civilization was definitely far more advanced, we can literally see this by looking at their machining technology. These circular parts cannot be created without lathe machines. Look at the perfect circle, but then look at it in 3 dimension, look at the turning and the steps of this structure, this cannot be created without a lathe machine. In a previous video, I showed you an ancient lathe set up, lying in the dirt in Hampi. And look at this square slot in the center, and look at the identical slot in Warangal fort.
All these parts are were created in lathe machines, and then assembled with these pillars in various temples. All these pillars which are fully assembled were put together by the archeology department.

There are also solid, monolithic pillars, exquisitely carved, lying on the ground. They have beautiful designs and deities carved on them. And we can also see independent statues of animals like this lion for example, this is my personal favorite statue here. It looks like it was molded, just like how we melt and cast plastic. Now, remember we saw so many varieties of rocks. These rocks like granite and black basalt are very hard rocks and basically, you would need a harder material to cut them. Today we use diamond tipped tools. Were ancient builders using diamond tipped tools, I mean how did they make such precision cuts? The hardness of the rock is so important, it would be impossible to cut such hard rocks with simple tools.

I think all this is definitive proof of lost ancient technology and high tech machining, and confirms that Warangal Fort was built as a mass-manufacturing factory. What do you think? Was Warangal Fort built as a mass manufacturing site for megalithic stones? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan

ūüĎĹ Mysterious ‘Ravana Rocks’ Found in Sigiriya – Ancient Aliens in Sri Lanka?

Hey guys, today we are going to explore this place called Sigiriya in Sri Lanka which is commonly known as Ravana’s Palace. It is a very fascinating place and on top of this rockwe have some amazing ruins. But once you reach the top and you observe what’s on at the ground level, we can see some really bizarre details. Sigiriya is surrounded by a massive jungle, and we can see numerous huge rocks placed all around. To a regular tourist, this appears quite normal – it is only natural to have rocks on the ground. But if you zoom in with your camera, you realize that these rocks have been put there and have the most bizarre tool marks which cannot be explained.

For example, look at this rock. It literally has hundreds of small cubes cut out of it.And on the top we even have a larger cube cut out, as though someone wanted to sit there and perform some kind of an experiment. Why would anyone scoop out hundreds of cubes on a rock that is in the middle of a jungle? This is not an isolated case. Pay close attention to what is around this rock,  you can see there is yet another rock hidden and it also has these cube marks all over it.

I have spotted so many rocks like this, look at this rock. Again, located in the middle of the jungle with nothing around it, but trees. Has so many cubes cut out all over it. Why? If you look at the panoramic view from the top of Sigiriya, this whole jungle is full of hundreds of these rocks, if not thousands – Am I saying all these rocks have been worked on? Actually, Yes, that is exactly what I am saying. ¬†How about this rock for example, it looks natural to the human eye. Is this a natural rock untouched by ancient builders? If you zoom in, you can see the tool marks, the same cube marks cut all over it,¬† but, may be you are not satisfied, because I wasn’t satisfied myself, so let us go down and take a look at how it looks from the ground level. This is how at it looks from the ground level. I mean look at these tool marks, this is just bizarre. We have to admit that ancient builders were doing something which is beyond our understanding.

After exploring this area for so many days, I can tell you that the jungle is full of these rocks which have all been worked on. And archeologists have no idea why these cuts were made. We simply don’t understand what ancient builders were doing with these rocks. The technology behind this is so far advanced, we have no idea why these were created. And this raises a very important question: Did they just work on the rocks that were already here Or did they also transport and place these rocks here, strategically all around the Sigiriya Rock?¬† I ask this, because it appears that these rocks are strategically placed, and looks as though they were set up to make it specifically visible from the top of Sigiriya.

Now, let’s go back to why these cubes were scooped out, archeologists have no answer for this, but locals call them ‘Ravana Rocks’ and claim that originally these cube slots had lenses attached to them. It is said that lenses made of crystals were placed in these slots. Imagine how it would have looked, this would be a stunning sight to see. What would have been the purpose of this? Was it some kind of a light technology, were they used to focus sunlight to a specific point? Today we use various lenses like fresnel lens for example to heat, melt and tap solar energy.

Were ancient builders using a similar technology?  Remember we saw these grooves and holes all over the rock face on the Sigiriya Rock itself. Were lenses placed on these slots and holes as well? Is this why we see these weird cuts and slots all around? What could be the purpose behind placing thousands of lenses in clusters all around a place like this? Why did ancient builders do this?

Praveen Mohan

 

5000 Year Old MAGIC Jar Unearthed in India? Defies Law of Gravity?

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an extraordinary artifact known as “Magic Krishna” , this is currently displayed at the Chennai Museum in India. This weird looking item is about 300 years old, and it looks like it is made of plastic, but is made completely out of clay. The specialty of this container is that, it defies the law of gravity and the laws of physics. Now, I am going to demonstrate how this jar defies the laws of nature. On the bottom, we can clearly see that there is a hole right at the center and if you pour water on the top, the water should normally drain through the bottom hole. However, when we pour water at the top, you can see that the water does not leak through the bottom hole. Instead, the water level slowly rises as you pour more water, and once the water touches the feet of this idol, the water somehow magically starts draining through the bottom hole.

But it does not stop, the entire water completely drains out of the container. This does not make any sense at all, this defies the laws of nature. Normally, when there is a hole at the bottom, the water should begin draining immediately as we pour water on the top. This will happen due to gravity, but this is an anti-gravity jar, so the water doesn’t come out through the hole. And here is the second problem: the water doesn’t drain even when we fill it halfway, and it appears as though it begins draining as we add more and more weight of water. If this is the case, the hole must stop draining as the water comes down to half level. We expect that only a certain amount of water would drain.
But somehow, when the water touches the idol’s feet, the water begins draining and it drains out everything completely. How does this happen? Is this some kind of a magic jar? Is this why it is safely kept behind glass doors in a Museum? Yes, it is in fact a Magic Jar, and this is the idol of Lord Krishna, a Magical Indian God. Archeologists confirm that this is a rare artifact, and only one such container exists in all of India.

In ancient times, magic jars like these were used in many temples and an interesting story was told while giving a demonstration and I am going to tell you that story now. About 5000 years ago, Lord Krishna was born, and his uncle wanted to kill him immediately. So in an attempt to save his life, baby Krishna was secretly taken away by his father, who decided to carry him across the river Yamuna. As his father was crossing the river, the water level began rising. His Father begged the river to subside, but the water level kept on rising. But when the river Yamuna finally touched Lord Krishna’s feet, it completely drained out and became dry, so the Father and Son could cross the river safely. The river Yamuna later revealed that it wanted to desperately touch Lord Krishna’s feet and get his blessings. So, this is why the water level keeps rising until it touches Krishna’s feet and once it touches his feet, everything will drain out.

So, how does it really work? I decided to recreate this magic jar and here you can see that I have built a rectangular tank and at the bottom, there is a hole. On the top, I have built a similar cylindrical structure and I have glued an idol of Lord Krishna, hoping that the water will behave similarly. And as I keep pouring water, the water does not drain through the bottom hole, because water naturally wants to touch Krishna’s feet but watch carefully when the water touches Lord Krishna’s feet, all the water begins magically draining out, leaving the container empty. Now, the key to this is hidden underneath this cylinder, it does not have a complex valve system or anything like that, all we need is a U-tube or a U-bend set up inside the container. One of the bends fits into the hole , and the other leg is set up very close to the floor of the tank. Now, if I pour water, nothing happens until the water touches the bend, water will not drain through the bottom hole. But once that level is reached, which is where the Krishna’s feet would be strategically placed, the water will begin draining, but it won’t stop until everything gets completely drained out. Scientists call this a Siphon.

What you saw in the museum was only about 300 years old, but it is believed that the very first magic jar with the same principle was created at the time of Krishna, who lived about 5000 years ago. Ancient India is known for making these anti-gravity or magic containers – in a previous video I showed you another jar which defies the law of gravity, it is known as Karigiri Jar. It does not have a mouth but it has holes on both top and bottom, but the water does not come out through the top or bottom holes, you can only get the water out through the designated spout.

In the western world, a container similar to the ‘Magic Krishna’ was designed about 2500 years ago, by Pythagoras. Yes, this is the same Pythagoras, the guy who proved that the sum of the squares of 2 sides is equal to the square of the hypotenuse. This is called a Pythagoras Cup. I have made a simple model of this using a plastic cup and a straw. He used these cups to tell a completely different story. Pythagoras would give these empty cups to his friends and they could all pour wine and drink from these cups. However, if someone got too greedy and decided to completely fill the cup, the entire cup would become empty. So, the moral of the Pythagoras’s cup was not to be greedy, and always try to keep a fair share and not get too much. If you try to get everything, you will end up getting nothing. And you can also simply rename this as Magic Krishna as well, if we conceal the straw and place an idol of Krishna here, it will not drain the liquid until it reaches a certain height… And once it reaches a certain height, which would be the same spot where Krishna’s feet would be set up, all the liquid will drain out completely.
I have heard a slightly different Hindu Story, which will give you a different result in the Magic Krishna jar. While river Yamuna is considered a devotee of Lord Krishna, the river Ganga is said to be a devotee of Lord Shiva. And Yamuna is represented by water, but Ganga is actually represented by Mercury, liquid mercury. In Indian alchemy, mercury is considered as Lord Shiva’s body fluid. And if we mix Ganga and Yamuna in this container, will it still give us the same output? If I pour mercury and water side by side, can Krishna do his magic? Ganga is considered as the holiest river, and also has magical properties and Ganga only worships Shiva, and not Krishna. So, when we add Ganga or mercury along with Water, we can see that the ‘Magic Krishna’ does not work. Even though we have filled this container up, the mercury and water are not draining. Why?

Because Yamuna or Water does not have enough power to move Ganga or mercury, up the siphon. Of course Ganga is the heaviest of all rivers, I mean mercury is the heaviest of all liquids. And the only way to make this work with mercury is by adding pure mercury, all the way to the top. And of course, you can see how ancient Hindus were talking about science purely using symbolic names. It is very fascinating to see that ancient Indians understood the laws of physics, gravity and siphon and they always had a strange way of mixing religion and science. Remember I showed you the inverted shadow of a tower in a temple at Hampi, which is also based on laws of physics. India is full of these weird artifacts and carvings which use a combination of religion and science to create quote on quote “Magic”.

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Secret of Symbols Found in Palm-Leaf Manuscripts? Indian Writing System Revealed

Hey guys, today we are going to look at how ancient Indians wrote and preserved their sacred texts. Around the world, there have been many different writing practices, the Egyptians were using Papyrus, Sumerians used clay tablets, but in India, Palm-Leaves were used. The earliest known palm leaf manuscript is about 2600 years old, and almost all ancient Indian texts were exclusively written on these palm leaves, and only a very small portion was written on metal plates and on stones as inscriptions. I have shown you several ancient stone inscriptions in my other videos, but in this video let us focus on Palm-Leaf Manuscripts. My friend Jayesh has a large collection of these manuscripts so let us take a closer look at them.

Here you can see palm leaves which date back several centuries and the question that immediately pops into your mind is this: How do palm leaves survive for this many centuries? Why are they not damaged by termites, dampness or by mere human touch? These palm leaves are carefully prepared from a specific type of palm called Borassus or Palmyra Palm. The young shoots are cut off from the tree and these shoots are boiled in water and then dried in shade for several days. After drying, the palm leaves would be polished using pumice stone. At this stage, the palm leaf would be ready for writing.

So what kind of pen and ink were used? This weird device was used for writing, and there is no ink involved. It looks very strange, but this instrument has a pointed stylus on one end and there is a knife on the other end. Did they use the knife as a weapon? No, they used it to cut the leaf into desired size. The pointy stylus did not dip into a pot of ink, but the stylus was pressed with sufficient pressure to imprint words, we can still use the same process and inscribe words on palm leaves . And we can read the words – this reads Palm Leaf. We do see some manuscripts which have used ink, writing with ink was practiced in Tibet, and in some other parts of ancient India, But the most popular writing process, was inscribing words on these leaves without ink.

And the question is WHY? Why did they not use ink, unlike other cultures? Because it is easy to erase, modify and tamper with original writings if ink is used. On the other hand, there is no way to change the contents of these palm leaves. This why ancient Indians preferred this method and I suspect that this is one of the key reasons why India still has so many ancient texts which have not been tampered with.

Now, back to the question of, how did these palm leaves survive for so many centuries? After writing on these palm leaves, they used a compound of turmeric and another herb to protect these leaves. This paste was thoroughly smeared on all sides, so it will not become damp or be attacked by insects. This is why we still have these manuscripts in excellent condition. These leaves will then be tied together using a string made of bamboo or coir.

Going back to the stylus, my friend collects antiques, and has collected so many different types of styluses. This is the simplest and perhaps the oldest one, it is just a sharp, nail like stylus. There are several ones made of ivory, ivory was very popular back then. Almost all of the ivory ones have knives included for cutting the leaves. The styluses from Sri Lanka have a stand at the bottom, so they can stand upright on tables. And we can see many other types of Styli made of bull horns, deer horns, wood and metal and some people also have the owner’s name carved on it as well, we can still read this today. Scribes typically use something called a sharpening stone, to sharpen their stylus periodically.

Most of these palm leaf manuscripts are written in ancient Tamil language, although some leaves written in Sanskrit language are also found from time to time. Today, Hindus have a strange habit, they make a mark on top of the page before beginning to write anything. In South India, this mark looks like the number 2 and an underline and two dots, but has no meaning and this symbol is known as ‘Pillayar Suzhi’. In the North, they use the letter Shri on top before writing anything. Today, many educated people laugh at this practice and point out that ancient Hindus were superstitious and began their writing with a prayer. Is this a meaningless superstition?

Let us go back in time, about a thousand years ago, imagine you are a scribe, and your job is to write on palm leaves. When you receive a fresh set of palm leaves, what would you do? Should you begin writing immediately? No, because halfway through your writing, you may realize that the palm leaf has not been properly processed and it can get torn when you inscribe a complicated letter with a stylus. So you have to test the leaves before writing anything. This is why you make this mark and use a circle, a curve and some lines to make sure the leaves have been properly processed to withstand the inscription. So, ancient Indians were actually quite pragmatic and were even clever enough to make this into a universal system across the nation.
Praveen Mohan

Se7en Stages of Defense at Sigiriya, Sri Lanka – Part I

Hey guys, today we are going to take a look at this giant rock called Sigiriya. On top of the rock, there are mysterious ancient ruins which have not been fully explained by archeologists. How did ancient builders create such extraordinary structures on top of a rock, which is 660 feet tall? But there is an even more important question: Why did anyone choose to build these structures on an impossible location? All experts agree that construction on such an isolated, inaccessible location means there was something verysecretive going on here. Whoever built this, clearly did not want anyone to come upeasily and find out what is going on.

In a previous video, we saw what was on top of the rock – in this video, we are going to see 7 stages of obstacles created by ancient builders to prevent enemies from reaching the top of the rock. Today, when we say Sigiriya we usually mean this giant rock, but Sigiriya actually stands for the entire ancient complex which consists of many lines of defense.The very first, outermost obstacle you face when entering the Sigiriya complex is the water gardens. This actually looks like a welcoming place and looks beautiful, and archeologists have named this as water gardens, but the truth is, this entire set up was designed to kill and destroy people who entered without permission. If you look at the ancient plan of Sigiriya, it is almost completely covered on all sides with water, like a fort with a moat, everything you see in blue is water.

In fact, even today, we enter Sigiriya only through bridges to cross over the moat. Of course, outside the moat, there is another line of defense, it is actually the first line of defense which is the brick wall. If you look at the aerial view of Sigiriya, we realize that an enormous outer wall, a rampart has been built for protection. I am not going into explain this wall because I have not studied it fully.

Now, going back to the Water gardens:¬† the water gardens, utilizes a very complex ancient hydraulic system. The water gardens can be flooded at will by manipulating the system, and even today, we can flood the water levels and completely stop everyone from entering this place. When you enter Sigiriya complex, you will see a series of tanks, brick walls, and strange constructions which look like a bunch of random structures which don’t make any sense. But when I went to the top of the rock, and then looked at the bigger picture, it is astounding because the area looks like a circuit board, built by the gods. There are 4 tanks, 2 on each side of the walk way. And there are four fountains symmetrically built, 2 on each side. These fountains still work today.¬† These fountains are connected to the moat.

Using the principle of gravity and pressure, water is pushed from the moat,  into the fountains, through underground channels. This will activate the fountains which will in turn fill the tanks, and these tanks are all interconnected at the base, so there will be uniform water level in all 4 tanks.  This snake like structure was also created to control the movement of water, water cannot flow straight, and will have varying speeds at different points because of the curves. Notice how everything is connected, and this is just a very small part of the water gardens, so you can imagine the complexity of this entire system.

Now, how did ancient builders flood this entire area? There are massive water tanks created all around Sigiriya complex and most of them are at an elevated position. There is a large artificial lake to the South of the Rock called Vava, which is connected to the moat and the fountains, and water can be released from it, at will. This will cause the moat’s water level to rise and cause flooding all around Sigiriya. We can also flood specific areas, without affecting the other areas, we can specifically flood this entrance alone.

If we push some small obstructions through the conduits to the water fountains, the fountains will not be able to close, and will continue to keep releasing water, and will flood the entrance. If we explore the ground level, we can see many tanks which collect rain water, and  they have conduits which can be opened for flooding the area. And each tank is different and has some extraordinary feature. Remember, in Sigiriya, ancient builders used nature as a part of their construction. Look at this octagonal tank with 8 sides, 6 sides have been built by placing rocks artificially, but 2 sides are actually made of natural rocks in their original position.

Releasing water from these tanks will result in slow and steady flooding, since the speed of water flow depends on elevation. The higher the tank, the faster the water will flow. So, the most important tanks are located on top of the Sigiriya rock, which are capable of holding enormous amount of water. There are at least 3 large tanks and several smaller ones on top of the rock. On the rock face, we can see these ancient channels carved for routing the water from the tanks to the ground level. In the center of this large tank, we can see something that is called the “Stairs to Nowhere”.

There are stairs which come out of the pool and lead to a chair, all cut out in granite, and no one knows why this seat is carved. What is the purpose of this seat? If you sit on the chair, it gives a view of the entire area and you can spot an army marching hundreds of miles away, and then all you have to do is  get in and open the drain to this massive tank, which will act as a signal to open all the other tanks and will flood the entire ground level in a matter of hours.

Now, what happens when the entire ground level gets flooded?  Human beings are capable of swimming, and if the attacking army is a cavalry, even horses swim very well, so both humans and horses can get through by swimming. However, the movement would be very slow, compared to how horsemen can march on the ground. When water floods, the crocodiles will emerge to the ground level. If anyone tries to swim, they will be torn apart by crocodiles which live in the moat. This is not just a theory, the crocs actually still live here today, and we see a dozen different sign boards warning us not to get into the water, because of crocodiles. Experts have not understood that the entire set up was created as a defense mechanism, and have been trying to explain the water gardens as a thing of beauty. But they are scratching their heads about some tanks which make absolutely no sense at all.

In random places, ancient builders have created tanks which are only few inches deep. They are very shallow, and their bases have been laid with polished marble and shiny stones. Experts have no idea why these were built, but these were built as defense mechanisms. These shallow tanks will appear as deep pools and confuse the enemies, it is a sort of a psychological warfare. The shiny rocks and marble were placed in, so they will reflect the sky and appear as though they are deep, and the enemy will definitely stumble, because some tanks, in this area, are really deep, and some tanks like these are actually shallow.

This is actually clearly explained in the Indian Epic Mahabharata, where a palace is built with deep and shallow pools side by side and makes the antagonist stumble and fall. The most interesting correlation is that the epic states that this palace was built by Mayasura, who is the Father-In-Law of King Ravana. And Sigiriya is more popularly known as Ravana’s Palace, and Sri Lankans believe he used Sigiriya Rock as a Fort or Palace.

Now, if enemies successfully passed through the first barrier, which is water, they would encounter something known as ‘Rock Gardens’ or ‘Boulder Gardens’ . This is the second level of defense system, a stone defense system. Here, ancient builders have made a brilliant blend of natural setting combined with artificial structures. The landscape design in this stage is completely in contrast to the symmetry and geometry of the firststage. The first stage has a lot of symmetrical structures, but this stage is full of random clusters of boulders. And these rocks appear to naturally make way for us, and you can see stairs have been built to go through them. The idea behind this defense system is this: These arches are so narrow that¬† only two people can walk through them at any given time. Even if you had an army of millions, you can only march in pairs through here, and you can be killed off easily.There are several pairs of rocks which are set up strategically, and I am not sure if they were already here naturally, or if they were put in place artificially.

Ancient builders definitely worked on them, here you can see the faces have been shaved off. Archeology reports tell me these are drip ledges, to prevent water from touching the rock face. All drip ledges are built to prevent water from touching what’s below them. But what is the need to protect the rock face? It doesn’t have a trace of painting, inscriptions or anything on it. And all these rocks have tool marks on them, which nobody has been able to explain. Is it possible, that these huge rocks were actually cut artificially and transported to this place and made into arches? I definitely think so, because otherwise there is no need for tool marks, shavings and I doubt if such a large number of rocks could occur naturally, in pairs, for ancient builders to construct stairs through them.

Even though archeologists believe Sigiriya was built during the 5th century, which is about 1500 years ago, they have examined the rock barriers set up all around this level. There are at least 30 different caves in this area, and excavation done at a cave called “Ahgala” revealed that people were living here 6,000 years ago. This has baffled experts and some are of the opinion that Sigiriya is the oldest surviving monument in Sri Lanka, which predates all historical records in the country. Now,¬† there are some rocks which are much more fascinating than these stone arches. All around Sigiriya, at high altitudes, there are strange, elongated, massive rocks placed at an angle.

For example, if we look at this rock, it at least 30 feet long and 15 feet tall and weighs a minimum of 1,000 tons.  Note how it has been placed on a slope using these small cylindrical rocks for balancing, there is no way this a natural occurrence. Ancient builders definitely cut this rock from the bottom half, lifted it up, and then placed small cylindrical rocks between them. These bizarre setups are called prison rocks, because locals imagine that people can be put through the crack, and will appear as though they are behind bars.

Sigiriya has several Prison Rocks set up all around it, but the question is why did ancient builders create these weird structures? Because, if enemies came past the water barrier and managed to get through the stone arches, these Prison Rocks can be easily moved out of their positions with minimal amount of force. All prison rocks are at an elevated level, so these massive rocks will drop from a height, and cause other rocks to drop as well, causing an avalanche effect, which will fall on the enemies and completely destroy them .  Ancient builders have clearly understood the concept of center of balance. Notice how, there are smaller stones placed on top of the rock, this was definitely done to alter its natural center of gravity.

These small stones, the angle at which the slope is made, the 30 degree angle at which these cylindrical stones are set up, were all done to make sure that the rock can be easily pushed down with just a little bit of force.  In fact, the archeology department understands that these rocks can be easily pushed down by tourists, which is why they have added these sand bags to make them immovable. Of course, the real question is how did ancient builders cut such a massive rock, and lift more than 1000 tons? How did they balance it on a slope with these stone bars, and how did they manage to balance these small stones at a 30 degree angle?

How did they calculate the center of gravity? Where did they test all these things? Today, it would be impossible to set this up  without heavy machinery and precise instruments.  And I have spoken only about 2 stages of defense, but as far as I know, I have never seen such an elaborate design created to protect any ancient site. I will talk about the other stages of defense in a different video.

Praveen Mohan

2000 Year Old Anti-Gravity Jar Found in India? SECRET REVEALED

 

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a very strange object, a jar which has magical properties. This anti-gravity jar is at least 300 years old and is displayed at the Museum of Kancheepuram in India. It looks like it has been made of wax, but it is made completely out of clay. It does not have a lid anywhere, so how do we use it? On the top it has holes, but you cannot pour water through these top holes. The only way to pour water is to hold the jar upside down, and you can see 5 holes at the bottom, and you can pour water through these holes. Now, you can see the water disappearing, but if you put the jar in an upright position, the water does not drain through the bottom holes. This is why it is called the Anti-Gravity jar. Now, notice that if the jar is kept upside down, the water is also not draining through the top holes. How did the water magically disappear? Where did the water go? The only way to get the water back is by using the spout, all the water we added through the bottom can be retrieved only through the spout.
This jar is about 300 years old, but similar jars were used even 2000 years ago in India. What kind of technology was used many centuries ago, to create this magical effect? Remember, this jar is made of clay, so there is no way to put a rubber stopper or a cork inside, because when you bake this clay jar in a furnace or kiln, the rubber or cork would have turned into ashes. Also, if you shake it, there is nothing moving inside, it has no moving parts at all.
This jar proves that real magic and supernatural abilities existed in ancient times, this is why the jar defies the law of Gravity. Things like this exist – I have even shown you a supernatural road that defies gravity in the U S. If you drop a ball in this anti-gravity road, the ball will roll up hill, against the law of gravity.
Now, let’s see how this magic jar was really made. I have built the same model here, but I have made it on a transparent container, so you can see how it works. On the bottom of this jar, I have placed a funnel in an inverted position, and I have attached a 90 degree bend at the end of the nozzle here. So, when I invert the Jar, and pour water through these holes, the water goes through the funnel, but does not stay there and gets released into the jar. But when I put the jar back in the upright position, the water cannot get back into the funnel. The water stays around the funnel and comes back out only through the spout. This is exactly how the 300 year old Magic Jar works. Or is it?
We have conveniently forgotten that the anti-gravity Jar had holes on the top as well. So, if I make holes on the top of this container, will that complete the model? No, it actually ruins everything because if I fill water through the bottom holes, the water will drain through the top holes. Remember, the original Jar did not leak through the top holes, when it was being filled from the bottom. So, I had to add another funnel at the top with a 90 degree bend to complete the model. And now, if I pour water through the bottom holes, it will not hit the top holes, and will remain in the main chamber and can be poured out only through the spout.

So you can see how complicated this design actually is. And why were these holes made at the top of the magic jar? Just to confuse us? No, remember this jar has no lid, without these holes, there would be no air circulation inside the jar. If someone left it with water inside, the water will have no room for evaporation without these holes, so the top holes are absolutely necessary. It shows how clever people were many centuries ago. Now, everything I have used is plastic and I am able to glue the pieces together, and I can also open the container and make changes. But the original Jar is one piece and is completely made of clay. When you bake a clay model like this in a furnace or a Kiln, the clay will expand and will get deformed. Any slight change or just one crack inside will completely ruin the magic effect of the jar. And you can see how the jar has a shiny green glazed appearance. This color and shine has remained intact even after repeatedly using it for 300 years. Who made these amazing jars and why?
These jars were made in a small village called Karigiri, this is why these jars are known as Karigiri Jars. Potters in this village, designed many ingenious clay objects which baffled general public. Many centuries ago, Karigiri was the center of these “magic” items. It is said that they built about a 100 different magic containers and each one gave a different effect. Today, these clay jars are no longer made in that village and are displayed in Museums. Out of 100 different types of magic containers, only half a dozen exist today.

The most interesting jar was called the Akshaya Patra, a jar that never runs out of liquid. This is a metal replica of that jar. If you pour a small glass of water into this jar – This jar magically turns it into wine, and Let me empty this completely. But this jar is inexhaustible, this is what the term “Akshaya Patra” means, it has a never ending supply inside. In Greek Mythology, there is an inexhaustible vessel called ‘Cornucopia”, which can never become empty. This jar is the real deal, now I can get some more wine out of it. And I have emptied this completely now, but if I leave it on the table and just wait, it will refill by itself. Modern magicians often use this container and call it a Lota bowl. The word Lota actually comes from Sanskrit language, we still call it Lota, which means a cup or a vessel. And you can see again, I can pour some more wine. These Lota Bowls originated in India nearly 2000 years ago and British Magicians took it from street magicians of India just 200 years ago. This is a very clever trick and it is still very effective on spectators, many people get completely confused by this lota bowl.
So, how does the lota bowl work? This jar actually has 2 chambers inside. When it looks like I completely empty this jar, there is another secret chamber which is still holding some liquid. This is how the jar actually looks inside. And If you observe carefully, you can see that there is a small hole near the top of the jar. There is also a small hole at the bottom. So when I fill this jar, both chambers will have the same level of water. But if I close the top hole, there would be no atmospheric pressure acting on the liquid inside the secret chamber. This means that the water from the secret chamber will not go back into the main chamber through the bottom hole. This is why, I am able to close this hole and pretend to empty out all the liquid, while the secret chamber still has a lot of liquid inside. Now, understand that these magic jars were used more than 2000 years ago in ancient India. This means that ancient people not only understood the concept of atmospheric pressure and its effect on liquids but also used it for entertainment, more than 2000 years ago.
I hope you enjoyed watching these ancient magic jars. I am Praveen Mohan, thanks a lot for watching, don’t forget to subscribe and also click on the bell button to get all the updates. Please give this video a thumbs up and share it with your friends and I will talk to you soon. Bye!

Praveen Mohan