Ancient Engineering Technology – Ramappa Temple, India

Hey guys, let’s take a look at Ramappa Temple which was built at least 800 years ago, and by the end of this video, I think you would agree with me that ancient builders must have used a very advanced technology, similar to modern day technology.

Let’s take a look at the ceiling in the center of this temple. In one square, we can see hundreds of Gods and if you zoom in and shine a flashlight, we can identify each and every one of them. Every corner tells a story. We are not going to examine the complex spiral designs which look like 3d cymatic patterns, we are not going to look at the protruding buds, and the centerpiece which is hanging out in the middle. We are only going to zoom in on the smaller figures which are less than 1 inch long. This temple was invaded by a commander called Malik Kafur, and he destroyed some of these figures.

But what’s fascinating is that after he destroyed the figures, you can clearly see the X mark behind them. This means there is a gap between each small idol, and the surface at the back. The idols are very small, less than 1 inch long, so the gaps between the idol and the background must have been in millimeters. So, how did anyone create these X marks behind them within these small gaps? Forget about ancient machining technology. We cannot even carve these X marks today, because there is no room to put your hands inside and carve them? How can we make the X pattern on solid rock, with 2 millimeters space to carve, even with modern machinery? We would need flexible drilling and polishing tools similar to instruments used for advanced surgical operations like laparoscopy. Even if they were molded using rock melting technology, the ancient builders would still need very advanced precision tools to create the mold or the frame itself.

But there is more baffling evidence of ancient machining technology. This temple has a series of statues placed all around it, and at first look, you think they are modern day wax models molded to perfection. Archeologists confirm that these were made by ancient builders, but there are no tool marks, and no human errors made on these structures. Were they created using high tech engraving and polishing tools, similar to what we use today?

Now, what really baffles me about these statues is not how perfect they are, but how they are still standing in place, even after a powerful earthquake shook this temple. The earthquake dislodged many of the blocks in the temple, and I have already shown you how the ancient builders made this structure earthquake proof.  But how did these statues, not fall down?

These are individual statues made of black basalt and are standing at an angle. How are they attached to these sandstone blocks behind them? Normally, it would be impossible to find out, but ancient builders were extremely clever, they knew that someday, someone would come looking for answers.

This is why they created a miniature model, a 3d prototype of the temple, and placed it in the temple campus itself. And all I had to was to identify the spots where the statues would have been placed. Look at these rectangular slots here, and the protruding base here. This is where the statues stand in the actual temple. Now we understand how these statues are standing firmly even after the earthquake. These statues were fitted on the slots, so they wouldn’t fall down.  This is really fascinating, because if we look at the miniature model, it would have been easy for the ancient builders to create smaller statues and fix them in these appropriate places. But why did they leave these slots empty? If they had placed small statues in these places, the slots wouldn’t be visible. They left it empty, so we, the future generation can understand how the statues were fit in place. Is it possible, that the ancient builders are trying to teach us how they actually built these temples?

And there is one thing I did not fully understand about the ancient earthquake proofing technology. How did these rectangular blocks called Plinth beams come above the ground? In modern buildings made of concrete, the plinth beams will try to withstand the earthquake, and in case of a powerful earthquake like what happened here, the entire structure would have collapsed. But it did not happen in this temple – when the earthquake struck, the plinth beams popped out from underneath the pillars, and saved the temple from collapsing. So, how were the plinth beams fixed to these pillars? The answer is in the miniature model. At the bottom of the pillars, you can see small slots carved. This is where the plinth beams were inserted. This type of basic slots are neither too tight nor too loose. When a powerful earthquake occurs, the pillars would let go of the plinth beams, and the plinth beams will break, saving the temple from collapsing. If they would have been made a rigid construction, like modern concrete structures, the entire temple would have been collapsed.

We can see that the ancient builders are answering all the questions which have baffled us. But what about the tools used to carve behind these very small idols on the ceiling? This temple has used some extraordinary drilling technology, there are holes which are only a few millimeters wide. You can only pass a flexible thread through them, not even a straight object like a needle. These minute holes cannot be created with chisels, especially on such a hard rock like basalt. They must have definitely used advanced tools like modern day drilling tools. If ancient builders used such advanced tools, wouldn’t they show them on the prototype as well?

Here we can see something remarkably similar to a modern day drill bit. This carving looks almost identical to a tool that we use today – uh -This tool is called step drill bit, and has many advantages over a regular drill bit. If you compare these two side by side, they both have the same conical head, with horizontal lines which are called steps, and both have them even have a vertical groove in the middle. But it is the bottom part of the carving that confirms, this a tool bit. Today our tool bits have a hexagonal stopper at the base to lock into the chuck and not slip. They also have a cylindrical groove at the top of it. This 800 year old figure shows the exact same thing, except that it has a square base to lock into the chuck and has the same cylindrical groove. Are ancient builders trying to tell us that they were using advanced tool bits, just like what we use today?

If these carvings are not tools, what else could they be? We can see everything else is identical between the prototype and the actual temple. Here we can see the small bull on the prototype, and the much larger bull is also there. We can see small pillars and we can see the larger pillars in the temple, which look exactly the same. We can see everything that is shown in this prototype recreated at a larger scale in the temple.  But we don’t see these large scale drill bit like structures anywhere in the temple. Why did they carve them in the miniature model, if they are not present anywhere in the actual temple?  Were they simply left as clues for us to find out how this temple was built?

Perhaps the real evidence can be found at Warangal fort, which is about 40 miles from here. There are carvings of Hindu Gods, but look into their hands. They are shown holding the same drill bits. In many Hindu temples, Gods are shown holding just the head of these tools. And some people believe this represents a pinecone or even corn.  But in these carvings, we can see that the Gods are shown holding the entire tool with a long base. This confirms that this is definitely a tool used in ancient times.

If ancient builders used high tech instruments like drilling machines, perhaps that technology would explain the mystery of these pillars. The pillars in the temple, don’t make any sense. Some parts of the pillars, look like they have been molded. Other parts of the same pillar look like they have been machined with power tools. How could  a pillar made of one solid block of stone, show 2 completely different types of processes? And there is something even more confusing. You can see that the pillars are slightly bent at the top portion. When the earthquake struck, these pillar actually became bent out of shape. These are made of basalt, a very hard, brittle rock. Rocks break, they don’t bend like plastic. So, what’s the secret of these bending pillars? Let’s go back to the miniature model one last time, and these miniature pillars are carved here, and they are identical in design to the actual pillars. They even have these straight slots and curved slots, so we know these are the same pillars.  But here, we can see something very strange, there are triangular marks connecting the rectangular piece at the bottom to the cylindrical piece at the top. Today, engineers we use a type of joint called Taper Joint, it is considered a very strong joint. To connect 2 different parts, one part is created with a tapered protrusion, and the other part will have a tapered hole. And both these parts will be connected by force, and it is nearly impossible to separate them afterwards. Is it possible, that these conical symbols represent taper joint, to show that these 2 separate stone blocks were joined together to make one single pillar. Does the bottom stone have a tapered protrusion, and the top stone have a tapered hole? This theory perfectly explains why the pillars look bent at the top. The pillars made of single stone would have broken, but these pillars must have been made of several blocks and assembled with taper joints, which is why they are bent.

But at this point, the whole idea of taper jointing several blocks to make a pillar is just a theory. To really prove this,  I would have to climb up above 8 feet, and examine these pillars, to see if they are in fact made of multiple blocks. And Archeology department refused to give me permission to examine these pillars.

But I really had to find out, and there are a few abandoned ancient temples nearby which are not maintained by the department of Archeology, I mean no one even enters these temples.  So I decided to go to a temple called the underground temple, which was built around the same time. I will show you this temple in another video, but we are going to find if these pillars are made of one solid piece or if they were  made by joining different blocks. And I find exactly what we are looking for. The joint is clearly visible at the top, and you can see it has dislocated a little bit when earthquake struck. If you look inside, you can even see how these two stone blocks are joined, there is a protruding piece on the bottom stone, which is fitting inside the hole of the stone at the top. There is no doubt that this was the same technology used in the pillars of Ramappa temple.

I think, for the very first time in many centuries, we are actually beginning to understand what the ancient builders are trying to say. They have put these symbols of tools, joints and slots for teaching us about their technology. And I think we have successfully decoded these symbols. What do you think?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section and please do share this video with your friends.

-Praveen Mohan


Floating Stones of Ramappa Temple – Advanced Ancient Technology

Hey guys, this is a rock taken from an 800 year old temple in India, and it has some strange properties. When dropped in water, it doesn’t sink like normal rocks, it floats. There are some rocks which naturally float in water, like Pumice but this rock  you see here, is not a natural formation. In fact this is not a rock, it is a brick, made by heating a mixture of mud and other materials to a 1000 degree Celsius, and was made into a lightweight block.

During my recent exploration I met 2 guys, Dinesh who is an architect and Arvind who researches ancient sites. They explained that we use the same technology today, these blocks are called ACC or AAC blocks. AAC stands for Autoclaved Aerated Concrete – and is made by injecting foam into concrete which makes the block lightweight. These blocks when dropped in water, also float just like the ancient brick we saw. If we look at the Wikipedia page, it shows that AAC was invented in mid-1920s, just 100 years ago. However, we can see that this technology was in use 800 years ago in India.

Now, we don’t know what the ancient builders used to make the bricks float, and I could not get a sample of this brick to examine the ingredients. Since we don’t know how it was created, let’s move on to Why these bricks were created. I mean, what could possibly be the use of creating such lightweight bricks in Ancient India. This brick was taken from a temple called Ramappa temple, so I decided to go to the temple and find out why these light weight bricks were used.

You can see that this is a fabulous temple, the bottom portion is made of sandstone, which stands to a height of more than 25 feet, but there is a huge tower on top which is completely made of these floating bricks. It has now been covered with plaster of Paris by the archeology department. Why did ancient builders decide to create and use lightweight bricks for the tower? Why do we use AAC blocks today?  Modern Engineers recommend the use of lightweight blocks in buildings to make them earthquake proof.

Structures built with heavy materials become rigid and are less flexible when earthquake occurs. When an earthquake happens, the building can sway horizontally or vertically and if the building is too rigid, it will start cracking and begin to collapse. On the other hand, light weight blocks like these floating Bricks, have these holes and are half the weight of regular bricks – these can make the structure more flexible to ground movement. If we make a building with these floating bricks, the building will swing and sway along with the ground, and will not collapse. This is exactly why, these floating bricks were used on the tower, to make it earthquake proof.

Now, all this sounds great in theory, but can this temple really withstand an earthquake? Let’s go inside and you will be surprised. As soon as you enter, you realize that this temple was affected by a massive earthquake. Look at these sandstone blocks, they have been twisted out of place and are not at the same level at all. This is the center of the temple, look at the floor. These rectangular rocks at the base, have popped up and are protruding on all sides. These blocks are called plinth beams and have been dislodged by an earthquake and the pillars have sunk to about 14 inches inside the ground. The original pillars would have stood 14 inches taller.

Remember, I showed you the exterior of the temple a few minutes ago, and at that time I guarantee you that you would have not guessed that this temple was  affected by a massive earthquake. This earthquake occurred on April 1st 1843 and destroyed all the houses around the temple, but the temple which was already 600 years old at that time, was able to withstand the earthquake.

Now we can understand, why the ancient builders created these floating bricks, their earthquake proofing technology was not just a theory, it is a fact.

Right next to the main temple, there is a miniature model of the temple and this tower is also made of floating bricks. In the last century, many people have stolen these floating rocks from the smaller tower, which is why it looks like this now.

You may wonder why the bottom portion of the temple, which is made of sandstone did not collapse. The bottom structure is designed with an extremely wide base. The plinth beams were not rigidly connected, but were given gaps, so they could pop out and save the structure, when earthquake occurs. But most importantly, ancient builders employed a technique called Sandbox Technology. What is Sandbox Technology? The ancient builders dug a trench which is more than 10 feet deep, and filled it with a strange mixture. Initial analysis shows that this mixture consists of powdered granite, Non-centrifugal cane sugar, sand and another unique compound which has still not been identified. The temple was erected on top of this mixture, and the mixture acts as a cushion, and absorbs the vibrations of earthquakes, minimizing damage to the temple.

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Battery Described 4000 Years Ago in India?

I have been recreating the electric battery, which was used in Ancient India. This battery was described by a sage called Agastya who lived at least 4000 years ago, and what I am making is according to what’s being described in the ancient text called Agastya Samhita.

This text, talks about using an earthen pot as a container and using two types of metals: Copper and Zinc. So, this is how the setup looks. If I test this with a voltmeter, you can see there is no voltage so far. Now, the text mentions that sawdust must be put in the container.

When we add sawdust in the container, the sawdust goes in between the two metals, and makes sure they don’t touch each other, or create a short circuit. If we check the voltage now, we can see that it is already producing 0.4 or xx volts. But the text mentions adding yet another strange material to complete the battery: The neck of a peacock. In the ancient Sanskrit text this material is mentioned as shikhigreeva, which means the neck of a peacock. Many secret cults exist even today, and these people still trying to recreate the battery using the actual neck of a peacock. For example, even this year, 10 peacocks were found dead by strangulation in India, and cops are trying to figure out as to why this is happening. This is because these cults are trying to use the peacocks neck to recreate the ancient Indian battery. But this is a mistake, because all ancient texts, especially those related to alchemy use code words, to confuse the public.  Even Isaac Newton mentions using Green Lion, and experts are trying to figure out what he actually meant.

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Mystery of the Musical Pillars – Rock Melting Technology? Cymatics?

Hey guys, I am at the Vittala temple in Hampi, and I am gonna show you the mystery of the musical pillars. This structure, called the musical hall is now closed for renovation. However, I managed to get the actual sounds from these pillars. Here is a pillar which shows a man playing ancient drums, if you tap this, you will hear the sound of these drums. Now, here is the sound of a temple bell. And here is the sound of a school bell. Now, you can combine various sounds to create even modern sounds, for example, this is the combination of the temple bell and school bell to create the modern day door bell. How do these different pillars create various sounds? But this is nothing, when you take this pillar that is made of one stone and has small columns carved onto it. However, if you tap on them, they create the seven notes of the musical scale in Indian classical music which is similar to do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti in the western world. What kind of stone technology existed in ancient India that could mimic the sounds of musical instruments? We can see many, many different sounds of advanced ancient instruments like Jal tarang, which uses water waves, Ghatam which uses terracotta pots, and even sounds of string instruments are created on these pillars.
How do these pillars, made of the same material, which is granite create these various sounds? Is it possible, that the ancient builders, somehow created holes inside these pillars. Because the only way to make different sounds from the same material of the same size is to alter its density. So do these pillars have holes inside them, that creates various sounds? The British had the same question in mind, and they not only took a huge pillar like this one but also cut one of the small columns to see what was in it. Here you can see the column that is missing, this was cut by the British during pre-independence in 1930s. And they were surprised to find that all these pillars and columns are just made of solid rock.
So, if there are no holes inside these pillars, how do you make them create different sounds. If they altered the dimensions like height, width and diameter, you could at least make them sound a little bit different. This is why we tap on walls to find out if they are thin or thick, because it will sound different. But if you look closely, all the columns have the same height, width and diameter, yet they create the seven notes of the Indian musical scale.
If they are all of the same dimensions, same material, and don’t have holes inside, how do they create different musical sounds. The only way this could be achieved is by changing the intrinsic density of the pillars, by adding a new material to it in different proportions, like modern day alloys. Today, we melt various metals and add them in different ratios to create the desired effect. However, did ancient builders melt solid blocks of granite and mix it with other materials to create different sounds? Locals argue that the musical pillars were created by rock melting technology. As evidence, they say that chains made of rocks were hooked to these corners on the ceiling. Now, this would be impossible without melting the rocks. These rock chains were later destroyed during foreign invasion just like the temple tower. A chain made of solid rock – is something like that even possible? Why do these corners of Hampi temple have empty hooks? Based on a tip, I traveled to Kancheepuram, which is 300 miles from Hampi. And here, we can see the chains hanging from the hooks on the corners. Yes, these chains, with many links, are in fact made of stone! Archeologists have confirmed that these are made of stone and were created at least 700 years ago! How could anyone create these stone chains with primitive tools? Even today, such a technology is not possible with modern machines. What kind of machines were used in ancient times and how were they able to create these chains made of rock?

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