Baffling Ancient “OOPArt” in India? Weird Idols of Ramappa Temple

Hey guys, this is the ancient Ramappa temple and you are looking at a very fascinating structure full of brilliant carvings, but your eyes are naturally attracted to these shiny black idols, which look completely out of place. Almost all visitors are totally spellbound by these idols – this is the center of attraction in this temple even though most of them have been destroyed by invaders.  When you look at these idols,  why do you think that these idols don’t belong here, they somehow feel like out of place artifacts? Because your mind’s intuition tells you that these idols could not have been made without machines, and you have been taught through a lot of books that ancient builders did not use machines. This conflict is why you feel that these are out of place artifacts. This is not only happening in your mind, but all visitors get confused and mesmerized by these idols at the same time.

Almost all visitors think these are modern day wax models molded and recently placed, but archeologists confirm that these are at least 800 years old. The temple has thousands of great carvings, but they can be made with simple tools, but these statues, known as Madhanikas, cannot be made with chisels and hammers. Such perfect statues can be made only with advanced technology. These idols seem to have no human errors, they are so well polished, they actually create a phenomenon called “highlights and shadows” due to their reflection. What do I mean by this?

When a material is polished with hands, it doesn’t achieve a great level of reflective surface, but when an object is created with machines, it becomes so reflective that it automatically creates lighter areas called highlights and darker areas called shadows. In reality this container I am holding doesn’t have any dark or bright areas, but it reflects the light in the surrounding to create these illusions. This is similar to highlights and shadows in photography, but that effect is created by light. This effect is only achievable on stones with polishing created by machines.

For example, you can see this woman called Nagini or Snake woman. On her body, you can notice several shades of lightness and darkness. The entire structure is made of one stone, but this is so well polished, that it automatically creates dark areas and light areas. And in photography, we create this effect by using sunlight or by reflecting sunlight using reflectors, but these statues are so well polished, they don’t even need sunlight. Look, the sun is above the roof, it is not shining on these idols and you can still see plenty of shades, because they are reflecting the light from the surrounding. The tour guides tell me that the shadow of the necklace falling on her body is also an illusion. If there is no sunlight, how could there be a shadow? People are baffled by this and locals believe there was some sort of heat treatment done in this area to make it look like a shadow. However, I think this is a shadow cast because of the extremely well polished surface, and it takes the light from the surroundings.

Now, what kind of technology existed 800 years ago which can create this level of perfect reflection on solid rock? Archeologists and historians are repeatedly telling us that ancient builders were primitive people who used simple tools. In reality, this effect can be created only by using advanced technology.

In today’s technology, we are able to melt wax and mold it into realistic figures, but we have not been able to mold rocks into statues. But these statues, which are made of black basalt, a very hard rock, have been created using similar technology. Unless we test them in a lab, we may not be able to find out if they used melting technology or machining technology. Look at the back of the idol here. This is how black basalt really looks. A stone that looks like this was finished to look like this – how was this possible? It is impossible to achieve this level of polishing with simple abrasives like sand. And remember, I have already shown you carvings in the same temple which look like drilling and polishing tools. You can watch it by clicking on the top right corner of this video. Were these idols created using molding technology or with machining tools?

These figures have a strange effect on your eyes. The more time you spend on them, the more  you are amazed by them. Today’s statues and paintings have errors, for example look at this painting of a woman wearing shoes. In this position of her foot, there should be a gap between her shoe and her foot. This is a mistake made by the painter. But there are no such mistakes in these idols, and you may think.. well, ancient women did not wear shoes, but not only is this figure wearing high heels, but the gap between the foot and her shoe is accurately shown. Here is a beautiful woman holding a bow, and a little man is removing a thorn from her foot. Look carefully and you see how there is a small swelling on her foot because of the thorn. These are just uncanny details.

Here is a naughty monkey pulling this woman’s clothes, and the dress has come down from her waist, revealing her private parts. Of course, you can see that this hand has been destroyed by invaders  and  in this picture, I’ve tried to recreate this hand, and originally it would have completely covered her genitalia. What really surprises me is not the perfect depiction of this area. What surprises me is this:  The space between the hand and her genitals would have been less than one inch. It would be impossible to carve this with simple tools like chisels because  you would need a lot more space to use the chisel and make the hammer movements. This would not even be possible with many of the modern tools we have, because there is simply not enough space even to put these tools in. So, how were the ancient builders able to carve her private parts under her hand ? Perhaps the real clues are these 2 perfect circles found on this idol. Originally, this figure had a necklace, but it was destroyed but what we see here are 2 perfect circles which stand as connection points between her body and the necklace. So, ask yourself, what are these 2 circles doing here? If this entire structure is made of one solid rock, you should not see these perfect circles when the necklace was destroyed.

What you would see is an unshapely dis-figuration like this area on this statue. So, think about what kind of technology would have really been employed. And of course, there is another important question we need to ask ourselves. Why were these statues placed around the temple? No one has answered this question until now. There are a total of 12 statues and each one represents a sign of the zodiac. Watch the video again, and you can find connections between each statue and a zodiac sign.

So what do you think? Were these idols made with advanced technology by superior builders or were they created with primitive tools by hardworking laborers? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan


Thousand Pillar Temple – Impossible Ancient Technology Discovered?


Hey guys, today we are going to look at one of the strangest ancient sites in India – this is the Thousand Pillar Temple which is at least 750 years old. On first sight, it looks like a regular temple,  but there is something fundamentally different about this temple, because there are no visible joints at all between the stone blocks in the walls of this temple.

This is a large temple, but look carefully as I go from the ground to the top, do you see any joints? This makes people wonder if this entire temple is made of one solid rock, like the Kailasa Temple, but archeologists confirm that it is in fact made of many many blocks of stone. In 1300 A.D , an army of the Muslim King Allauddin Khalji tried to demolish this temple, and they took out many of the stone blocks from the ground and the ceiling, because it was easier to dismantle them, but they could not dismantle the blocks on the walls. If you look at the floor, these are newer stone slabs placed by the Archeology department, and you can see how these blocks are loosely connected. If you compare the modern day stone masonry with the ancient technique, modern technology appears quite primitive, because you can clearly see the joints. The archeology department has been trying to restore the temple from the destruction and graffiti by Allauddin Khalji’s army.

Now, why is this temple called ‘The thousand pillar temple’? Most visitors wonder why this is known as the thousand pillar temple because it doesn’t have a thousand pillars. It is called so because it is made of one thousand blocks of stone, this is the actual reason why this name is used. But even in most sophisticated temples like the Lepakshi temple, we can see clear evidence of joints between the blocks, but in this temple, the joints are not visible. What is fascinating is that there was no cement, mortar, or glue used to join these blocks. How did ancient builders achieve such an extraordinary level of jointing, many centuries ago? What kind of technology existed and  how was such a temple built?

The underlying technology is this: Ancient builders created a complex interlocking system with at least a dozen different cuts in each stone block. These complex cuts maximize the amount of surface area shared by the connecting blocks, and will create an extremely tight fit. This is hard enough to do between 2 stone blocks, but imagine using several stone blocks on all sides and how many cuts would have been needed to connect 4 or 5 blocks together.  I mean, this is just an extraordinary technology. This can be done on wood, but how did they manage to make these cuts on large stone blocks many centuries ago? Making these cuts is one thing, but the level of precision, to make these joints invisible can be achieved only with advanced machines.

We can clearly see that building a massive temple with no visible joints is impossible with primitive tools. Did ancient builders use cutting, drilling and polishing tools, just like today? If so, do we have any evidence of these tools in the temple itself?

How about these carvings which resemble modern drilling and polishing tools? In most temples, we usually see carvings of Gods, but in this temple, we can see these tool like carvings, with a conical, striated top with a long shaft, which is remarkably similar to modern day tool bits.

Just compare these carvings with today’s tool bits side by side. You have to admit there is an uncanny similarity. Is this a coincidence, or did ancient builders use tool bits just like us, to make these precise interlocking system?

The pillars in the temple confirm that drilling machines were in fact used. There are very tiny holes drilled on these pillars. My friend is struggling to send a thread through the small holes, but these holes are too small even for a thread. The priest is happy to help us, he picks up something thinner than a thread and inserts it successfully through these holes.

If you think these carvings are not drill bits, how do you explain such tiny holes carved on the pillars? How do you explain the construction of an entire temple with no visible joints? Were they created with advanced machines, or with simple tools like chisels and hammers?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Lord Shiva Smokes Marijuana & Drinks Alcohol – Why?

Hey guys, today let’s take a look at why Lord Shiva is portrayed as smoking weed and drinking alcohol. In fact, we have a temple called Kaal Bhairav temple in which Lord Shiva is fed alcohol every day. There is a mouth carved in the lingam, and alcohol is poured through it as a ritual. Every year, on Shivarathri, which is the night dedicated to Shiva, his devotees smoke weed before praying to him. Why is Lord Shiva depicted as an alcohol drinker and a smoker of Marijuana? This is very confusing to the common man, who thinks that Gods should not indulge in these evil acts.

To understand this, let’s go back in time many thousand years ago and assume that human beings were primitive. We have about 400,000 species of plants. How did we find out which plants can be used as food, and which plants are poisonous? Which plants make you sick and which plants heal sickness? The ancient Indian system of medicine called Siddha documents more than 100,000 plants and their medical uses. How were these documented? In fact, their documentation is so accurate that even today, they are being absorbed into modern allopathic medicine. For example, in the year 2000, a medicine called Virohep was launched to treat Hepatitis B. The manufacturers of this medicine, have openly stated that they extracted the chemical from the herb mentioned in ancient Indian texts, and made them into pills. It is now available all around the world and is accepted by doctors as a very effective medicine.

So, how were such advanced medicines documented at least 2000 years ago in India? According to traditional Siddha medicine, Shiva comes from a planet called Shivalokha, and begins experimenting and documenting the properties of plants on earth. These experimental techniques and results were then passed on to 18 saints who documented the rest of the plants. Of course, historians and other experts will tell us that this is nonsense, and ancient Indians found out these properties of plants by trial and error or by accident. But we have solid evidence that ancient Indians tested these plants just like modern day scientists. In the ancient Hoysaleswara temple, we can see this strange carving. What does it show? It shows an alcoholic drink called toddy being extracted from palm trees, and collected into a container on the ground. But you can something extraordinary – the saint is watching two animals – a bird and a snake drinking from the container. It actually shows they were testing the effect of alcohol on animals first, before beginning to use it on human beings. This is exactly what scientists do today, they test it on animals first before giving it to humans. Right next to the carving of animal testing, watch how a man gives a similar container full of toddy to a woman, and the woman is clearly refusing it, look at the hand gesture.

But why make alcohol at all, isn’t it evil to drink alcohol? Why are these things even carved on a temple? Indian traditional medicine explains alcohol and other intoxicants as absolutely necessary for performing surgeries. Take the simple case of tooth extraction. How can we do this without sedating someone? After all, ancient Indian texts explain complex surgeries such as eye operations, amputations and even plastic surgeries. The ancient text called Sushruta Samhita clearly explains how alcohol must be given to patients before surgery.


But what about Weed? Why is Lord Shiva shown smoking pot? Today Marijuana is thought of as a drug,  but it was considered a sacred medicinal plant in India. Lord Shiva, who is the father of traditional Siddha medicine was the first to test Marijuana on animals, and on himself, before giving it out to human beings. Popularly known in India as Ganja or Bhang, it is was used to relieve anxiety and pain since 2000 BC, which is 4000 years ago. Ancient Indian traditions recommends using marijuana once a year to maintain good mental and physical health. This is why weed is smoked in India and Nepal by devotees on the night dedicated to Shiva. The medical properties of Marijuana are well documented in ancient texts – it stops Nausea and increases appetite, it can relieve muscle spasms and treat many other diseases.

There is also a cult called Aghoris – these people have dedicated their lives to Shiva, they smoke weed on a weekly basis and claim it keeps their brain sharp. A recent study in the United States shows that THC, an active ingredient in Marijuana can prevent and treat Alzheimer’s disease and can keep the brain sharp.

We see a very interesting pattern emerging in the western world. People who have denounced and ridiculed the use of Marijuana by Hindus calling it a barbaric or evil act are slowly turning in favor of medical marijuana. We now have medical marijuana legalized in more than 30 states in the US and in 15 countries.

So, now you know why Shiva is shown smoking pot or drinking alcohol – nothing is evil about it as long as you know how to use it, just like any other tool you have. If you use a screwdriver to poke your eyes, don’t blame the screwdriver.

I  hope you liked this video, I am Praveen Mohan. Thanks a lot for watching, don’t forget to subscribe and also click on the bell button to get all the updates. Like and share this video with your friends and I will talk to you soon. Bye!

World’s Smallest Carvings found in Ancient Indian Temple – Evidence of Machining Technology?

Hey guys, I am at the Darasuram temple in India which is 850 years old and here we can see the smallest carvings in the world. Let’s take a look at this bull carved on one of the pillars. This is about 2 inches wide, but it also shows all the features of a bull. You can see the hump, the horns, ears and eyes, there is even an extended tail,  but look carefully, and you can see the Hoofs, and even the nostril, which is just 1 millimeter wide, carved on it. Now, compare this with the carving of the largest bull in the world, this is also situated in India, in a place called Lepakshi, which is about 300 miles away. This bull is nearly 15 feet tall and 27 feet long. The smallest carving of the bull is so small, that you can place 10 of them inside the toenail, or the dewclaw of the largest bull.

But this 2 inch bull is not really the smallest carving in the temple, some of the carvings are even smaller. This carving is less than 2 inches tall and shows Lord Shiva and we can even identify the weapons and objects he is holding in his multiple hands. Here is a lion which is just one and a half inch long, it is a shame that the temple has gone through many centuries of corrosion, many of these carvings have deteriorated. Here is the dancing elephant god, which is even smaller, he is just one inch long. You can see his crown, pot belly and his arms and legs in a dancing posture. Of course, we have to wonder how ancient builders were able to create 1 inch carvings, 850 years ago. Remember I showed you the skulls in Hoysaleswara temple, these are also one inch wide. They are completely hollow and you can pass a twig through one of the ears and can pull it out through the eyes.  Were these amazing carvings created using advanced machines or with primitive tools?

But there are carvings even smaller than this at the Darasuram Temple, here is a  carving less than 1 inch wide and actually consists of two figures, Lord Shiva and his wife in a sitting posture. This means that each figure is less than half an inch in size. Even today, you can see that people smear saffron powder on this carving as a ritual, this ritual has corroded this carving to a considerable extent, but even after eight centuries, we are able to identify these half inch gods because of their features.

But all this is nothing, because we are only looking at the full carvings, we have to examine the details on the carvings to really appreciate ancient technology. Here is Lord Shiva in the form of a beggar, and look carefully and you will see a begging bowl in his hand. This bowl is carved to the size of black pepper or pepper corn, which is just 4 millimeters wide. Here is the wife of Shiva and you can see the religious dot on her forehead, this less than 2 millimeters. You can even see the smile on her face, Some of the details are so small even to capture with my camera, but if you visit this temple, please do examine these pillars. But be very careful, because – see these designs, which look like Egyptian pyramids, the tips of these pyramids are less than 1 millimeter wide and they will prick you like needles. And this is after eight hundred and fifty  years of corrosion, so imagine how sharp they must have been, when they were first created.

But the question is, how can anyone create needle sharp carvings on solid rocks with primitive tools like chisels and hammers?  I mean, less than 1 millimeter wide? How did ancient builders accomplish this? Showing emotions if the figures are smiling or frowning on one inch carvings? Half inch deities, recognizable after 850 years of corrosion? A bowl the size of black pepper, just 4 millimeters wide? Sharp points with less than 1 millimeter that can still prick like needles? Were these created with primitive tools or were ancient builders using advanced technology?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan

Mystery of the Musical Pillars – Rock Melting Technology? Cymatics?

Hey guys, I am at the Vittala temple in Hampi, and I am gonna show you the mystery of the musical pillars. This structure, called the musical hall is now closed for renovation. However, I managed to get the actual sounds from these pillars. Here is a pillar which shows a man playing ancient drums, if you tap this, you will hear the sound of these drums. Now, here is the sound of a temple bell. And here is the sound of a school bell. Now, you can combine various sounds to create even modern sounds, for example, this is the combination of the temple bell and school bell to create the modern day door bell. How do these different pillars create various sounds? But this is nothing, when you take this pillar that is made of one stone and has small columns carved onto it. However, if you tap on them, they create the seven notes of the musical scale in Indian classical music which is similar to do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, ti in the western world. What kind of stone technology existed in ancient India that could mimic the sounds of musical instruments? We can see many, many different sounds of advanced ancient instruments like Jal tarang, which uses water waves, Ghatam which uses terracotta pots, and even sounds of string instruments are created on these pillars.
How do these pillars, made of the same material, which is granite create these various sounds? Is it possible, that the ancient builders, somehow created holes inside these pillars. Because the only way to make different sounds from the same material of the same size is to alter its density. So do these pillars have holes inside them, that creates various sounds? The British had the same question in mind, and they not only took a huge pillar like this one but also cut one of the small columns to see what was in it. Here you can see the column that is missing, this was cut by the British during pre-independence in 1930s. And they were surprised to find that all these pillars and columns are just made of solid rock.
So, if there are no holes inside these pillars, how do you make them create different sounds. If they altered the dimensions like height, width and diameter, you could at least make them sound a little bit different. This is why we tap on walls to find out if they are thin or thick, because it will sound different. But if you look closely, all the columns have the same height, width and diameter, yet they create the seven notes of the Indian musical scale.
If they are all of the same dimensions, same material, and don’t have holes inside, how do they create different musical sounds. The only way this could be achieved is by changing the intrinsic density of the pillars, by adding a new material to it in different proportions, like modern day alloys. Today, we melt various metals and add them in different ratios to create the desired effect. However, did ancient builders melt solid blocks of granite and mix it with other materials to create different sounds? Locals argue that the musical pillars were created by rock melting technology. As evidence, they say that chains made of rocks were hooked to these corners on the ceiling. Now, this would be impossible without melting the rocks. These rock chains were later destroyed during foreign invasion just like the temple tower. A chain made of solid rock – is something like that even possible? Why do these corners of Hampi temple have empty hooks? Based on a tip, I traveled to Kancheepuram, which is 300 miles from Hampi. And here, we can see the chains hanging from the hooks on the corners. Yes, these chains, with many links, are in fact made of stone! Archeologists have confirmed that these are made of stone and were created at least 700 years ago! How could anyone create these stone chains with primitive tools? Even today, such a technology is not possible with modern machines. What kind of machines were used in ancient times and how were they able to create these chains made of rock?

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Is Konark Sun Temple a Hindu Temple? No!


Hey guys, in this video, we are gonna look at why the Konark Sun Temple was really built and by the end of this video, you can decide if it is a Hindu temple at all.

Imagine that you are child who is only 5 years old and your parents have taken you to the Konark Sun Temple. This is what you would see in this temple. At the lowest level of the temple, you will see what children are naturally interested in: Animals. There are exquisite carvings of various animals and their behaviors. For example, you see how baby elephants hang around their mothers. How monkeys behave. Some are even funny, like today’s cartoon network. Here you can see how human beings use tamed elephants to capture a wild elephant. This is a cage, and you can see how the sculptor had brilliantly carved the elephant inside the cage. This was ancient India’s animal planet. But this temple doesn’t stop there, I am gonna show you how Konark temple was built as an encyclopedia, as a University which teaches various subjects for all age groups. I have realized that you can divide this temple into many different subjects according to its height.

The first 2 feet are carved for small children below 5 years, and when you reach the ages between 6 to 10, you are going to see things like dancing, singing and playing musical instruments. The temple holds an enormous amount of carvings about music and dancing. This is odyssey, the traditional dance of the region. There are 128 postures of traditional Indian dance, carved in this temple. If you are tough kid, you can also see martial arts like boxing and wrestling. Of course, life would be no fun without games. So you can learn games like the tug of war as well.

The third level, fit for ages between 11 and 15 has enormous scientific information, specifically astronomy. This wheel is a sundial that can tell the accurate time, precisely down to a minute! The temple, dedicated to the Sun God Surya is a giant symbolic representation of how the Sun works. The temple is shaped as a chariot with 24 wheels representing 24 hours of the day, featuring 3 sun gods – the morning sun with a happy face, the somber noon sun and the evening sun with a sad face. But all experts and commoners have missed something very important. What are these weird animals carved on either side of the chariot? They are horses in an extremely disintegrated state, they were disfigured by foreign invaders. There are a total of 7 horses which pull the chariot of the sun.

Now, Why is the chariot being pulled by 7 horses? Some say, just like the 24 wheels represent 24 hours of the day, the 7 horses represent 7 days of the week. But this is not true. Astronomers agree that the 7 days of the week are not connected to the Sun at all, and some civilizations even had 8 day weeks, because it is not relevant to the movement of the sun and the earth. So, why is the chariot of the Sun god being pulled by 7 horses?

If you talk to the elderly people in this area, they reveal some intriguing information. They say that each of the 7 horses was painted with a different color of the rainbow. So, this horse was probably painted with violet, this one with indigo, and so on. Now, we know that Isaac Newton discovered that sun light is not white, but made of 7 different colors. This was a startling discovery back then, and even now it is hard to accept that sunlight is actually made of 7 different colors. Newton discovered this in 1600s, but this temple was built nearly 400 years before Newton, so how did the ancient builders know that the Sun light was actually made of different colors? More importantly, why aren’t historians recording this in their books? Anyway, now you know why the Sun God’s chariot is being pulled by 7 different horses.

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