Hey guys, in the previous video we saw how Pingala documented the fibonacci number 2200 years ago in india and how fibonacci number is the basis of life itself. But, did Pingala discover this series of numbers or did Pingala take the knowledge from even more ancient sources available in Hindu texts. In Hinduism, the origin and preservation of life is explained by a concept known as Mrityunjaya. So according to hinduism this is the Mrityunjaya yantra.

This denotes the earth, this denotes the water, and this denotes fire and air and space. This is the simplest Mrityunjaya Yantra which existed in ancient times. You can still see this yantra in many ancient temples in this simple form. It’s quite interesting because earth and water are at the lowest level, fire and air are at a higher level, and space is at the topmost level. And you would have noticed that i’m starting this point from earth, and drawing one continuous lineand ending this in earth, showing how earth starts life and it also ends here in the same point. These five elements are called Pancha Bhoota in Hinduism and these are the important aspects of origin and preservation of life.

If somebody is sick, if somebody is critically ill, his family and friends will draw this yantra and will chant Mrityunjaya mantra – they will chant a specific mantra 108 times every day to make sure that he comes back to normalcy. And this Mrityunjaya mantra is very old, it is considered to be at least 5000 years old because it’s part of the Rig Veda which is the oldest text known. And this mantra is a very strange mantra, it’s not a beeja mantra – beej mantras are known only for their sounds and they don’t have particular meanings. But this mantra has words which have specific meanings, and the mantra goes like this:

**oṃ tryambakaṃ yajāmahe sugandhiṃ puṣṭi-vardhanam urvārukam..**.

And the mantra goes like this. And it’s very strange because the term ‘Urvarukam’ actually means a specific type of cucumber, a type of cucumber. And this is weird because they’re using a mantra like this, they’re chanting a mantra like this 108 times to preserve a life. They’re talking about a specific variety of cucumber and this type of cucumber is called this squirting cucumber. There are various explanations about this, the mantra basically says, just like how a cucumber falls from its mother, life goes on. And this is the secret of Mrityunjaya.

Now, there are so many different explanations about this given by various spiritual leaders and basically they talk about how cucumbers gently fall from the plant, so on and so forth. But it’s very interesting because if you actually observe this cucumber fall from the plant, it’s very very interesting and I will show you how this cucumber falls from the plant. Now, you can see, as you’re watching this video the cucumber is falling from its plant and its seeds are being thrown away in the air and it’s being spread everywhere. This is the secret of Mrityunjaya mantra.

Now, you’ve seen how Urvarukam fruit is falling from the plant, what do you think is the secret to this mantra? Why are human beings repeating this 108 times as a ritual for 5000 years?Believe it or not the seeds in the cucumber fruit are arranged in fibonacci pattern and when it’s falling from the plant, the seeds will be spread in fibonacci pattern.

Now this is the secret of the mantra. Of course, if you look at a cucumber, this is cylindrical and you will see seeds in various pattern. Now the seeds are arranged in 3D and it’s a little bit hard for you to understand this because it’s in 3D, but when the cucumber falls the seeds will be spread everywhere okay? But why is the fibonacci number so important for the seeds to be spreading in various directions? Why can’t it not be in some other pattern other than the fibonacci pattern?

To understand this, this is a little bit complicated because this is in 3D, we are looking at a cylinder-like structure, but if you look at a sunflower, so this is a sunflower, and you will see seeds. And the seeds will actually look like a spiral and it’ll be very beautiful.

Of course, this is a terrible diagram I am drawing guys, because I am not good at this. But if you look at an actual sunflower you will be amazed because these seeds are arranged in spirals of successive fibonacci numbers. And experts have studied these seeds and they will notice that there are spirals going clockwise and there are spirals going anti-clockwise okay? And the spirals will always be in 21, 34, 55, 89 and these are all fibonacci numbers. So if the clockwise number is 21, the anti-clockwise will be 34. If the clockwise is 34, then the anti-clockwise will be 55, so the spirals will always be in successive fibonacci numbers.

For example, you will not see the clockwise to be 21 and the anti-clockwise to be in 89. You will always see the successive numbers side by side and it’s very interesting. Because why is it designed like that? Why not just have 21 and 89? Why do they have to be the successive fibonacci numbers arranged in nature? Why does nature prefer that? The answer to that question is, it’s not about the fibonacci numbers itself, it’s about a ratio between these two numbers. If you divide 34 by 21, you will get a ratio around 1.618. This is called the golden ratio or the divine ratio and it is denoted by the symbol called φ and if you divide 55 by 34 again you will get the same ratio. If you divide 89 by 55 again you will get the same ratio. You are getting this ratio which is approximately 1.618. Actually this number goes on forever because it’s the most irrational number possible.

But it’s not just because of the fibonacci numbers, it’s because of the ratio between two successive fibonacci numbers that is important for nature. Now, what does this ratio mean in the arrangement of seeds? So let’s say your enemy gets to play god for just one day and he’s going to design a sunflower, right? Your enemy is not that smart, right? He’s just dumb, so he’s not going to choose this golden ratio, he’s going to choose a ratio, like for example: 1 okay? This is a sunflower and he is going to arrange seeds with this ratio of 1.

What this ratio means is that, it’s the number of turns he can use around the circle okay? So this is the center, so he will put a seed like this here and because he’s using this ratio of 1, which means one complete turn okay? So he will arrange a seed like this, he will arrange a seed like this, he will arrange a seed like this and he’s done, okay? So his sunflower looks kind of silly, right? so his sunflower looks like this. Of course, you can see this never occurs in nature, no sunflower, no flower is going to arrange its seeds like this.

Now, let’s say you get to play god for one day, so you’re going to become god and what number would you choose? Obviously you’re smarter than your enemy, right? So you’re going to come up with some number like 0.25 okay? So this is the number you’re choosing. So your flower, your sunflower is going to look like this. So this is the center you put this first seed here right? So 0.25 that’s like one quarter, so your second seed would look like this and again 0.25 your third seed would look like, this your fourth seed will look like this okay?

And if you keep on going your seeds will look like this. It’s like a four spoked wheel. Now this is much better right, this design looks much better than your enemy, right? But still this is not the best design in the world. Of course, plants are much much smarter than human beings, right? This is why plants are worshiped as gods in Hinduism because plants have extraordinary intelligence. And that’s why plants are choosing this ratio which is the golden ratio.

So the plants are choosing a number called the golden ratio okay? And if you arrange the seeds in this ratio, you will have these amazing spirals and you can see that the seeds are also perfectly aligned which looks kind of surreal okay? But the most important question is:

Why? Why do the plants have to sort of “think” about the golden ratio and why do they have to arrange the seeds in this fashion? Why not just arrange them with your design of 0.25?

Experts sometimes now claim that this is very important so they could use this space and maximize the number of seeds okay? So this is the explanation that experts are giving right now, but plants really do not care about this at all. They don’t care about saving space what they do care about is, Mrityunjaya, right? Now what is Mrityunjaya? Think about Mrityunjaya while i clear this board.

Okay so what is Mrityunjaya from a plant’s perspective? It is to create and sustain life. Now what is the purpose of any seed? Why are plants creating seeds? The idea is to spread its own genes. Every seed is a pocket right? It’s a gene pocket and it’s going to be spread everywhere. This is exactly why the seeds are arranged in fibonacci pattern.

Now if you arrange your seeds like this according to your enemy’s design in a sunflower, and then the wind blows all these seeds will go only in one direction and they will fall down like this. The chances of all these seeds germinating and growing into plants are very slim because they all fall in the same place. They will obstruct one another, they will get less sunlight, they have to take the water from the same place.

If you arrange it according to 0.25, when the wind blows, you make sure they only go in four different places. But when you arrange them according to the golden ratio, when you arrange them in spirals in this complicated spiral pattern and when the wind blows this is the best design, because it’s going to go in hundreds of different directions. So the plant is arranging the seeds beautifully to maximize Mrityunjaya, to maximize life, to maximize its spreading of its genes. This is why the plant is arranging its seeds using this golden ratio.

Now, Of course, this is what is happening in Urvarukam (Cucumber),so this is what we see in the Mrityunjaya mantra in 3D right? This is 2D but if you look at the seeds in the cucumber this is why you see the seeds sort of exploding in various directions, okay? But every plant uses this golden ratio in 3D as well. If you look at a plant, you’ll see a leaf like this and then it’ll take a particular turn and again it’ll have another leaf and again it’ll take a particular turn and it’ll look like this the third leaf will go like this the fourth leaf will directly point to you the fifth leaf will be like this.

When you look at a plant and you you see that it has five leaves, you don’t think much, but when you look at it from the top, from the top view, the five leaves will look like this, okay? And this ratio of turn.. the natural arrangement of how leaves are being placed in these plants is called the divergence ratio okay? And believe it or not, this divergence ratio matches the golden ratio. Why? Why is a plant arranging its leaves to the golden ratio?

We saw the seeds but why do the leaves have to be in fibonacci pattern? why do the leaves have to be in this golden ratio? Mrityunjaya, right? Because Mrityunjaya is not only creating life, but it’s also preserving life. It’s also protecting your own life. Remember this is why people are chanting Mrityunjaya mantra to protect somebody’s life. What is the purpose of these leaves? What do leaves do? They have to use the sunlight and convert it into food, and make sure that the plant survives.

If the leaves are arranged one on top of another, only the topmost leaf will get all the sunlight. So you can see how intelligent the plants are, you know, in arranging the leaves? They have to maximize the amount of sunlight each leaf is getting. So all the leaves can use photosynthesis and convert sunlight into food, and then make the plant live for a very long time. If the plant is not smart enough, and it does not use the golden ratio.. think about this, if a plant is not following this ratio and it has very less leaves, it will not be able to produce enough food and the plant will die.

If a plant is not following this ratio and is producing too many leaves, it’s useless because many of the leaves will not get sunlight and it becomes pointless, and again this plant will not have a good life. So, to have an ideal life, the plant has to follow the golden ratio. I will come back to this diminishing model and the overcrowded model later, but so far I think it would have been easy for you to understand the concept of Mrityunjaya.

So how do you conquer death? How do you live forever? You can become immortal by living alone like Isaac Newton. You can make great theories and you can become immortal. But most people and other living things really become immortal by creating more life. And you have to follow the golden ratio for the life to sustain for generation and generations. This is the most important point. Okay, so you’ve learnt a lot from the Mrityunjaya mantra. How the mantra is showing the fibonacci pattern, and the golden ratio. But, how is Mrityunjaya yantra related to the golden ratio? So, as we saw before the Mrityunjaya yantra is just a five-pointed star in its simplest form.

Let me clear this.. If you take this line, this is the longest line and let’s say we call this line XL okay? and the next long line would be this line let’s call this L okay? And if you take this line this is the

this is the next long line but let’s call this M okay? And this is the shortest line okay so this is let’s call this one S. So the ratio between XL and L will be the golden ratio. The ratio between L and M that will also be in golden ratio. The ratio between M and S, that will also be in golden ratio. This is extraordinary, and they have been using this for 5000 years in ancient Hinduism.

This is why I think Pingala did not discover the fibonacci series. He merely understood the concept of fibonacciseries and the golden ratio from ancient Indian texts. Now, remember the Mrityunjaya mantra and the Mrityunjaya yantra are coming from Rigveda which is at least 5000 years old. And you can see how the Mrityunjaya mantra and the Mrityunjaya yantra clearly point to the golden ratio and fibonacci numbers, and their connection with life itself. Today we use a modified form of this Mrityunjaya yantra, I will clear the board and I will show you how this works.

Okay in the last few centuries the Mrityunjaya yantra was modified, so families could work with the the modified version. This is called the MahaMrityunjaya yantra and again it’ll be a five-pointed start like this. And it will be surrounded by eight petals. The mantra has not changed, the same mantra is used even today. And some forms actually have three eyes of Lord Shiva, to denote Lord Shiva in the center and specific rituals are done on Trayodashi, which is the 13th day, okay? I don’t know if you’re followingthis, but all these are fibonacci numbers okay?

3 – that’s a fibonacci number. 5 pointed

star, that’s a fibonacci number. 8 petals, that’s a fibonacci number.

13, that’s a fibonacci number.

Nobody is paying attention to this, but we’re following fibonacci numbers and using this for preservation and creating life. And if you divide one number by the previous number again you will get the golden ratio. No wonder when new religions came, they converted this into witchcraft, right? They said this is all the work of the devil. So this was the best way, and this was done deliberately to suppress ancient knowledge, by sort of demonizing this kind of information. In the west this is considered the symbol of witchcraft okay?

Some people even say this is the symbol of satan or devil. But, this is the secret of life itself and it was known for thousands of years in ancient India. But there is one more sacred yantra and this yantra is done secretly in the hills of Javvadhu and it’s performed by a sect called Kaalamukha. There is a particular sect called Kaalamukha and they perform some secret rituals and it’s also based on Mrityunjaya yantra. This yantra is called the Kaala Mrityunjaya yantra.

It’s very interesting, because if you go to Wikipedia and if you look up Kaalamukha, Wikipedia will tell you that this sect is extinct. These people no longer exist and Wikipedia will even claim that you know they paint their faces black. Because it says Kaala and many people think Kaala means just black okay? But Kaala also means time and also means death, and I’m sure you will understand the connection between time and death but the Kaalamukhas.. the word Kaalamukha is associated with time.

So what type of yantra do these Kaalamukhas create? They create a yantra called the Kaala Mrityunjaya yantra. Let me clear this board and I’ll show you how this yantra looks. Okay, so what the Kaalamukhas will do, is they will clear a large plot of land in the woods, they will clear all the trees. And at midnight on a new moon day, they will create a simple five-pointed star like this and they will chant the Mrityunjaya mantra for 108 times. And after four and a half days around noon time, they will close this on all sides. So it will look like a pentagon. Again after four and a half days, they will again change this into a five-pointed star.

Again after four and a half days, they will close this into a pentagon. Again after four and a half days, they will make this into a five-pointed star. Of course this is a very bad drawing because i’m not good at this. But they will continue this for 45 days and this is the Kaala Mrityunjaya yantra. And this is remarkable because it shows how a life grows with respect to time. Think about it, they start very small and as time proceeds, any species would grow according to the golden ratio and this is why every species is able to spread dramatically and fill up the planet.

Think about human beings .. we have billions of human beings today, but at one point they would have been a small group of people. Why are they able to become the most dominant species on the planet? Why do we see human beings everywhere? Because they were able to grow in the fashion corresponding to the golden ratio. And people think there’s a new field of study in the last few centuries it’s called fractals okay? Fractal or fractals. And they think this is a new study but Hindus knew about fractals for thousands of years.

Hindus not only knew the concept of fractals but also its connection with the golden ratio. Hindus called it Mandala. Now what is a mandala? You can see mandalas in ancient hindu temples and in also places where they practice hindu rituals. The mandalas are these fractal designs, there are many types of mandalas there are circular mandalas, and there are also square mandalas. For example, they’ll start a mandala like this. This is a square and they will continue to proceed making children.

So they put a bigger square and they put a smaller square on all four sides. Again, they will continue to make even smaller squares on all four sides okay? And they use the golden ratio, they use the golden ratio of 1.618 to draw the mandalas. They actually take measurements and they use the approximate ratio of 1.6 because what happens if you don’t use the golden ratio? If you don’t use the golden ratio and if you make these squares too big, after a few continuations, these squares will start hitting each other because you’re not following the golden ratio.

What if you make these squares too small? The mandala will come to an end very quickly because it cannot sustain for a long amount of time, because these squares have become too small too soon.This is why the golden ratio was so important. Remember I told you this is relevant to plants and their leaves? If there’s very less number of leaves the plant will die. If there are lots of leaves again the plant will die because of overcrowding. Hindus are actually using this concept and this ratio in creating mandalas.

And it’s interesting because ancient hindus knew about this concept in drawing mandalas and today experts are working in fractals and now they recognize that the golden ratio is very important to design fractals. Because if you don’t follow the golden ratio the fractals do not survive. Okay, interestingly the fractal of a pentagon is 1.6 dimensional and that’s very strange because we normally tend to think of dimensions as whole numbers you can see 1-dimensional, 2-dimensional, 3-dimensional but what is 1.6 dimensional, right? And notice the connection between 1.6 and its proximity to the golden ratio as well.

Now, this sort of goes beyond the scope of this video, but mathematicians confirm that the fractal of a pentagon is 1.6 dimensional. And i don’t know if you noticed this detail about the Kaala Mrityunjaya yantra? Why were they doing this ritual every four and a half days? It took me 10 years to figure out that four and a half days is 108 hours. Four and a half days comes to 108 hours which is a sacred number in Hinduism and the angle between two sides in a pentagon that will also be 108 degrees and the Mrityunjaya mantra will also be chanted 108 times every day while they’re doing these rituals.

So youcan see how the 108 – which is another number for the basis of life, is consistently used in the Mrityunjaya yantra and mantra. And there is a lot of advanced vedic mathematics involved that we have not discussed. Let me clear the board and show you just a quick glimpse of what’s involved in that. Okay, so if you look at the Mrityunjaya yantra, one side will be 108 degrees and this will be 36 degrees, and if you add both of them together you will get 144.

And believe it or not, this is what Kaala means. Kaala is a unit of time that is 144 seconds. This is the ancient unit of time followed by Hindus. And it’s even more interesting because 144 is also a fibonacci number. It is the 12^{th} fibonacci number. And this is just advanced esoteric knowledge, we’re just scratching the surface of ancient hindu mathematics, which is both science and spirituality.

Most people in the western world do not understand this. If you watch that movie Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom, you see how there is a person who prays to Kaali which is the fiercest deity known in the world, right? Kaali is this big black deity which is usually shown killing somebody. but Steven Spielberg is not understanding the concept of Kaali. He doesn’t understand that it’s not only limited to Hindus or Indians. Kaali will kill Christians, Muslims and everybody alike. Especially if you make mistakes, Kaali will kill you sooner, because Kaali means time. Kaali is the personification of time. Time will kill you unless you use Mrityunjaya to create and sustain life.