World’s Smallest Carvings found in Ancient Indian Temple – Evidence of Machining Technology?

Hey guys, I am at the Darasuram temple in India which is 850 years old and here we can see the smallest carvings in the world. Let’s take a look at this bull carved on one of the pillars. This is about 2 inches wide, but it also shows all the features of a bull. You can see the hump, the horns, ears and eyes, there is even an extended tail,  but look carefully, and you can see the Hoofs, and even the nostril, which is just 1 millimeter wide, carved on it. Now, compare this with the carving of the largest bull in the world, this is also situated in India, in a place called Lepakshi, which is about 300 miles away. This bull is nearly 15 feet tall and 27 feet long. The smallest carving of the bull is so small, that you can place 10 of them inside the toenail, or the dewclaw of the largest bull.

But this 2 inch bull is not really the smallest carving in the temple, some of the carvings are even smaller. This carving is less than 2 inches tall and shows Lord Shiva and we can even identify the weapons and objects he is holding in his multiple hands. Here is a lion which is just one and a half inch long, it is a shame that the temple has gone through many centuries of corrosion, many of these carvings have deteriorated. Here is the dancing elephant god, which is even smaller, he is just one inch long. You can see his crown, pot belly and his arms and legs in a dancing posture. Of course, we have to wonder how ancient builders were able to create 1 inch carvings, 850 years ago. Remember I showed you the skulls in Hoysaleswara temple, these are also one inch wide. They are completely hollow and you can pass a twig through one of the ears and can pull it out through the eyes.  Were these amazing carvings created using advanced machines or with primitive tools?

But there are carvings even smaller than this at the Darasuram Temple, here is a  carving less than 1 inch wide and actually consists of two figures, Lord Shiva and his wife in a sitting posture. This means that each figure is less than half an inch in size. Even today, you can see that people smear saffron powder on this carving as a ritual, this ritual has corroded this carving to a considerable extent, but even after eight centuries, we are able to identify these half inch gods because of their features.

But all this is nothing, because we are only looking at the full carvings, we have to examine the details on the carvings to really appreciate ancient technology. Here is Lord Shiva in the form of a beggar, and look carefully and you will see a begging bowl in his hand. This bowl is carved to the size of black pepper or pepper corn, which is just 4 millimeters wide. Here is the wife of Shiva and you can see the religious dot on her forehead, this less than 2 millimeters. You can even see the smile on her face, Some of the details are so small even to capture with my camera, but if you visit this temple, please do examine these pillars. But be very careful, because – see these designs, which look like Egyptian pyramids, the tips of these pyramids are less than 1 millimeter wide and they will prick you like needles. And this is after eight hundred and fifty  years of corrosion, so imagine how sharp they must have been, when they were first created.

But the question is, how can anyone create needle sharp carvings on solid rocks with primitive tools like chisels and hammers?  I mean, less than 1 millimeter wide? How did ancient builders accomplish this? Showing emotions if the figures are smiling or frowning on one inch carvings? Half inch deities, recognizable after 850 years of corrosion? A bowl the size of black pepper, just 4 millimeters wide? Sharp points with less than 1 millimeter that can still prick like needles? Were these created with primitive tools or were ancient builders using advanced technology?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan


Prototype of Kailasa Temple Discovered? Pancha Rathas, Mahabalipuram

Hey guys, let’s take a look at this unique temple complex called PanchaRatha in India, and I am gonna show you some solid evidence that this was the model of Kailasa Temple. But how could these 5 individual structures even begin to be the model of Kailasa Temple, which is the largest Monolithic structure in the world, carved out of a single rock? Because these individual temples are not really individual structures, they are all carved out of one solid block of stone. This entire complex, the 5 towers, the elephant, and everything else is carved from one single rock, just like Kailasa Temple. For example, we can see these 2 towers, which really look like individual structures, but if you look at the base, we realize that they are not separate rocks. A considerable part of Pancha Ratha is actually still underneath the sand, that has accumulated over many centuries,  and underneath we have the base of one solid rock. This makes Pancha Ratha, one of the largest Monolithic temples in the world, just like Kailasa Temple. If you aren’t familiar with Kailasa Temple, you can click on the top right corner of the video to see how it was created with advanced technology.

If we calculate the width and height of the rock that existed before the creation of these structures, it would look like this..a hill, made of granite. The only way to create these pyramidal structures, is by scooping out tons and tons of rock, starting from the top, just like Kailasa Temple. And not one piece of rock has been added to this complex, from outside.

But Pancha Ratha is a much more mysterious site than Kailasa Temple itself. This complex has not only baffled tourists, but also historians and archeologists. Till date, experts do not know why these structures were built. What do I mean by this? These are temples made for worshipping Gods, right? No, they were not created as religious structures at all. If you look at the base of each of this tower, you will see a large stone structure called a Kalasam. In every Hindu temple, these Kalasams are placed on top of the tower, and all religious worship begins only after this Kalasam has been placed on top. However, in Pancha Ratha, all these Kalasams are deliberately carved at the base, and the top of the towers are left empty without these structures, clearly indicating that the Pancha Ratha was not a place of religious worship.

Archeologists confirm that this was not created as a place of worship, and believe that it was built as a model, or a prototype. A prototype of what? They don’t know the answer to this question, but if we analyze carefully, we can clearly see that this was the prototype of Kailasa Temple.

There are 5 types of towers in Pancha Ratha, which match exactly with the 5 towers of Kailasa Temple.  The Kailasa Temple is so large that these 5 towers are not even visible from the ground. But if you go on top of the mountain, we can see these 5 towers, each with distinct style, exactly matching the towers of Pancha Ratha.

If you look at the base of Kailasa Temple, it is shaped like a chariot, pulled by a series of Elephants and Lions. And at Pancha Ratha you can see the identical features. The only difference is in the size, the animals look much smaller because Pancha Ratha is a smaller prototype of the Humongous Kailasa Temple. The carvings of various Gods are also identical in both the temples.

And here you can see this beautiful Elephant at Pancha Ratha, standing beside the towers, and you can see the same figure at Kailasa Temple as well. Of course you can see how invaders tried to destroy this elephant, but couldn’t succeed. They tried to destroy the Kailasa Temple and just gave up, because Kailasa Temple is indestructible. What’s interesting is that, the Pancha Ratha was also tested by a destructive force, much more powerful than human beings. It was hit by a massive Tsunami in 2004, and while the newer temples built in the last few centuries were destroyed, this structure doesn’t even have a scratch on it. There is something fundamentally different about these ancient structures like Pancha Ratha and Kailasa Temple, they are simply indestructible by nature or by human beings.

There are many more similarities between Pancha Ratha and Kailasa Temple. Archeologists estimate they were both built around the same time, about 1300 years ago, although they think Pancha Ratha was built roughly 50 years earlier than the Kailasa Temple. All these evidences prove that Pancha Ratha was in fact built as the model of Kailasa Temple, but here is the baffling problem. They are both separated by a distance of 800 miles, and all historians say they were built by completely different kings, who had no contact with each other. How could the prototype be built in the South of India, while the Main structure was built in North India, by people who were completely disconnected to each other? The only possibility is that both these structures were created by the same builders, and these builders must have possessed advanced technology.

I mean, even today, it is hard to imagine how the entire temple complex of Pancha Ratha was created out of one solid rock. What kind of technology was used to create this prototype? Archeologists will say these were created by hard work of human beings, using simple tools like chisels and hammers. But is it possible to create structures like these with just simple tools? If ancient builders really used some kind of advanced stone cutting technology, can we find evidence of it in the same complex?

Nearby,  we can see a massive rock that has been sliced in half, like a loaf of bread. It is more than 12 feet tall and 18 feet wide. You can see no chisel marks, no series of tool marks for placing wedges, like what we see in newer temples. What we see is one cut, like slicing butter, on a huge granite block, which is one of the hardest rocks in the world. How was this possible, at least 1300 years ago? I mean, what kind of technology was used to cut a rock of this size? Archeologists offer no explanation as to how such cutting is possible, but I’ve shown you many examples of ancient machining technology, you can click on the top right corner of the video to see it.

So, what do you think? Was Pancha Ratha built as a model of Kailasa Temple? Were these ancient structures built with primitive tools or advanced technology? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan

The Secret of the Drinking Rock, Mahabalipuram, India – 2000 Year Old Secret


Hey guys, I am at Mahabalipuram in India and here is a large rock that is popularly called “the drinking rock” where locals gather and have some drinks at night. You can see that broken bottles have completely covered the rock. That’s a broken lighter & it looks like somebody threw up last night, must have been a wild party. Now, why would I bitch about people having a good time on an isolated rock? Well, here is the catch: This is the top of a very ancient monument. Underneath the ground, is a large temple with valuable history. Right here, you can see the writings in an ancient language which was last used by Pallava kingdom, which ended around 900 A.D. So obviously the inscription on it is at least 1100 years old,  although, I estimate it to be a much older structure and I’ll explain that towards the end of the video.

You can see these writings have already been partially damaged, and I am yet to decode what these words mean, but why would I say there is an ancient temple underneath?  Let me turn my camera and show you what’s there a few hundred feet away. You can see a large boulder there. Let’s take a closer look at what that big rock is all about.

In 2004,  when Tsunami hit this place, this place was completely submerged under water. But the real surprise came,  when the water receded, because it uncovered this temple. Look around,  they have found a massive structure with brick work, granite and a lot of other material.  Archeologists estimate this temple to be around 2000 years old. You see this line right here, before the Tsunami only what’s above that line was visible and everything below it was buried under ground. People imagined that this was just another rock too. Now, look closely near the top of the boulder. You will see similar writings on top of this rock as well, just like the drinking rock. So before the Tsunami in 2004, this temple would have looked very similar to the drinking rock.

There are other similarities as well. You can see this line here that goes all the way from the top to the sides. Lines like these were cut in ancient times to get the rock marked for carvings.  Now, let’s get back to the drinking rock and you’ll see a similar line here as well. It is a mystery, how they cut these fine lines without any wedges or chisel marks.  Right next to the drinking rock, you can also see other rocks cut with wedge marks. The same wedge marks and rock cuttings are also found in the temple that was recently uncovered. I’ve shown you how the ancient people used water and wedges to cut rocks in a different video called ancient rock cutting technology.

Now what must have happened 1100 years ago? A massive tsunami would have hit this area and basically buried all these temples. Those who survived must have carved these writings to mark them as temples buried underneath. This theory makes a lot of sense because when the temples were in use, there is no reason to make these carvings on top of the temple. Because at that time, the ground level was there, not up here. And nobody would have been able see those carvings. So, if the writings were done after the temples went underground and if they were written in this ancient language, that pushes the age of the temples much farther than 1100 years. It is very likely that this temple is also 2000 years old, just like the one nearby.

So, it should be obvious that these writings, cuttings and wedge marks are not random coincidences and the drinking rock is an ancient temple, patiently waiting to be uncovered. I hope there is no need for another tsunami and if this video gets shared enough, archeologists might excavate it. At least they can put a fence around it, to prevent future damage.

I hope you enjoyed the secret of the drinking rock. I am Praveen Mohan, Please do share this video, leave your thoughts in the comments section. Thank you for watching and I’ll talk to you soon.

8 Legs & 800 Years Old – Incredible Indian Sculpture


Hey guys, I am at the Darasuram Temple in India and let’s take a look at this sculpture of a woman with 8 legs. This is a flexible acrobat with one head, two hands and four bodies. Now if I cover the rest of the legs except the top two legs, she is balancing her body weight on the floor with 2 hands. And both her legs are above the head. This is the first position. Now if I cover the other parts, except these 2 legs, this is a different position. Now, both these legs are also up in the air, but while her head is facing us, the body is twisted to the side.  If you cover the parts except the 2 legs on this side, you can see the other position. Now, look carefully and you’ll see 2 outstretched legs on the floor. If you cover everything else, you can see the woman doing a split. Notice the cute, naughty smile on her face, showing how proud she must have been of her body. This is not all, because you can see many other positions, if you cover legs in various combinations. For example, like this. Or like this. In modern day talent shows, you can see people performing these types of flexible acrobatics and getting enormous attention. This sculpture is at least 850 years old which proves that these types of performances existed in India a long time ago. If you look at the background, you can see women dancing on one side and a man on the other. This was probably some kind of a stage performance where the woman is showing her acrobatic skills. The sculptor has masterfully carved all these positions to match just one face.

There are other sculptures in this temple with much more complexity. Here, a woman is sitting on top of the acrobat, apparently juggling and creating more complex positions. On my website, I’ve posted more sculptures of these flexible acrobats. It is a shame that corrosion has taken over and you can’t see the details on many of these valuable sculptures.

Here is my question to you: Isn’t is obvious that she does not actually have 8 legs and the sculptor carved them to show different positions? I ask this, because, this answers the question to why Indian Gods have so many hands. Take a look at any Indian God and you’ll see more than 2 hands. The sculptors in ancient times must have tried to show different positions and they carved multiple arms to show all the weapons and things they used. This is the only way to give a lot of information in a sculpture which cannot show moving images as opposed to a modern day video.

However as time went on, this logical way of thinking somehow disappeared. Nowadays, they use it to show power and create shock appeal. The more number of hands, the better it gets.  And I have seen sculptures where you can’t even count the number of arms. And these arms are just arms, most of them are empty. This is Avalokitesvara by the way, a very popular god in many Asian countries. So, if you’ve ever wondered why Indian Gods have so many hands, I hope this sculpture answered the question.