Aiyanar – The Guardian God of All Villages

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a very unique deity from the villages of South India. This figure sitting on the horse is known as Aiyanar and is considered as the protector of village people. As you can see, he looks quite fierce with a fascinating head dress, holding a shield in one hand and a knife in the other. Look at where his leg is, it is resting on the head of one of his body guards – showing the complete submission of this bodyguard to the deity Aiyanar.

These type of depictions are common in villages where the Gods are symbols of absolute power. What is interesting is that he also has 2 dogs in the front. Look at how ferocious they look and even their skin looks almost like they have seen a lot of action. This deity is usually portrayed as a very manly figure reeking of masculinity. The main deity is male, sporting a large moustache, both his body guards are male. His dogs are also male and so is his horse. This is a typical symbol of total dedication to fighting and war, like a team of spartans.

What is interesting is that Aiyanar is also known as Aiyapan in other parts and generally women are not allowed to touch this statue or enter his temple premises. In ancient statues, Ayyanar is depicted with a band known as Yogapatta on his knee. There is usually a trident placed in front of this deity. Ayyanar shrines are usually located at the peripheries or boundaries of villages. This statue is probably about 15 feet tall, but there are much larger statues of Aiyanar placed in other villages. Aiyanar figures are also seen outside India and Sri Lanka, recent excavations have revealed that Aiyanar was also worshiped in other Asian countries – many terracotta Aiyanar figures were excavated.
In some temples, he is shown holding a crooked stick instead of a knife. This weapon is called Chendu in ancient Tamil language – this is a whip like weapon. Also, in remote areas, there are depictions of many other Hindu gods and saints underneath him, to show that he is superior to all gods. In other temples, he is shown as a guardian to other Gods. So, what is the origin of this deity?

He is supposed to have been a real figure who came from Mount Kailash, the sacred mountain which is considered the home of Lord Shiva. He traveled to South India and protected the villages of South India. Even today, there are many villagers who worship him as the main deity. These village groups are sometimes referred to as the Aiyanar Cult. Their rituals are quite different from other Hindu rituals. Sometimes, they choose a person and push him or her into a trance like state. Then this person would become a vessel of this deity and would be able to answer the questions about future or even talk to human beings who passed away.

Praveen Mohan

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Ancient Scissor Knife (Katar) – Weird Weapons of India

 

Hey guys, today we are going to look at an ancient Indian weapon called Katar . There are many interesting details about the origin and types of Katar. I met this gentleman called Jayesh Kumar Pandian who is a collector of antique weapons and he has an extraordinary collection of these Katars. The word Katar actually comes from Tamil language kattari, which means a dagger or a push knife.

These daggers are short and cannot be used for slashing, but they were used for stabbing people. One good thrust will send the dagger through the body and the edge will come out through the other end.  The main difference between most daggers and the Indian Katar is the H-shaped horizontal hand grip. When you hold this, you clench your fist as though you are ready to punch someone, and you make the exact motion like punching somebody. This design allows the fighter to put his whole weight into a thrust, and you can target the head or the upper body of the enemy. Since it is light and small, It is more like an extension of the fist than a dagger, and it seems more natural to attack and defend with a Katar.

A very interesting modification was made in later stages and this fancy weapon is called a Scissor Kattar.  You can see that that the blade is forked into two blades. And the hand grip has a lever, and when you  press the lever, the blades open up and there is a smaller blade inside. The idea is to stab someone and then when you press the lever, the blades will open up and tear the internal organs. But there was another deadly practice – on the tip of the inside blade, poison was smeared. So, when the Katar went inside someone’s body and the outer blades opened, the inner blade would come in direct contact with blood vessels and other organs, and, the poison would mix directly with the blood.

Remember, we are using an antique Kattar, which is at least a 100 years old. Imagine the damage a new weapon can create. Royal Katars were richly engraved and some even have gemstones placed on them. This one has tigers engraved on it, and even on the sides you can see this tiger chasing a deer. These figures have gold inlays on them. Now, some people claim that Katars were not native to India and were brought in during the last few centuries. Is this fabulous weapon really an ancient invention,  or was it just created a few centuries ago? To find the answer to this question, let us go to the ancient Srirangam temple, which is older than 2000 years. Here we can see ancient Indians using the Kattar in multiple sculptures.

It is quite fascinating to see that the design and stabbing style is still identical to what we see today. Some carvings even show the Kattar going into a man’s body and the edge coming out on the other side. Here, we can even see a fighting style which is focused on fighting with a pair of Katar, one in each hand. So, yes Kattar is in fact , an ancient weapon developed by Tamil people. There is an interesting story about how Katars were created. When the blades of long swords got broken, instead of throwing away the blade, they were modified and reused as Katars. Soldiers began using them as backup weapons.  The main advantage of a Katar is how it covers your knuckles and the wrist. The long handles on either side cover your hands and will protect them. There is a better version of this called the Patta Kattar or a Hooded Katar, which completely covers your hand. There is also another type called the Snake Kattar which has a curved, snake like  blade. Katars made of wood, were used during practice and training sessions.

Praveen Mohan

 

 

1000 Year Old Hindu Temple in Sri Lanka – Built by Indian King

 

Hey guys, I am in the city of Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka, and this place is full of ancient Buddhist ruins. But among these amazing Buddhist structures, we also have some Hindu Temples. Here in this isolated area, we have a very ancient Hindu Temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva. It was built around 993 A.D which is about a thousand years ago. Who built this temple? We are lucky because we have inscriptions on the temple walls, in ancient Tamil language naming it as “Vanavanmadevi Ishwaram”. Vanavanmadevi was the mother of the Great King RajaRaja Chola, so it was most probably built by him.

As you can see, this is not a large temple, it is a very small temple. These arches originally contained idols of Gods, and they have been stolen or destroyed. The temple has been constructed by placing one granite block on top of another. And at a distance, we can see the  bull, the mount of Lord Shiva. Let us go inside the temple, and see what’s in the main chamber. It has been locked, but if we peep through this hole, we can see the long cylindrical lingam on a flat, grooved base. This is typically what you will find in all Chola Temples.

So, why did Raja Raja, a Tamil King who was living in South India, cross the ocean, come deep into Sri Lanka and install this Hindu Temple? RajaRaja invaded Sri Lanka in 993 A.D, captured half of Sri Lanka, and made this City, his Capital in Sri Lanka. This city, known as Polonnaruwa was renamed as Jananathamangalam. He was a very tolerant King, you can see that he did not destroy these Buddhist structures. He did not even build Hindu temples among the Buddhist shrines, he built them far away from Buddhist monuments. Yes, I said temples because the Chola Kings built several Hindu temples in this area.

Now, let us take a look at another Shiva Temple nearby. It is completely in ruins. It is also said to be built by King RajaRaja, in remembrance of his Father. Almost a similar looking temple, but is bigger than the other one. Inside the main chamber, there is a lingam which has been completely destroyed. Some locals believe that this temple was destroyed by Buddhists in 13th century, but Buddhism is generally a peaceful religion and there is no actual evidence to show it was destroyed by Buddhists. So, you can see how Hindu temples were built outside India, at least a thousand years ago. The entire South East Asian countries are full of ancient Hindu Temples, all built by the Great Chola Kings.

Praveen Mohan

 

Vettuvan Koil – Model of Kailasa Temple Found in South India?

Hey guys, today let’s take a look  at this magnificent structure called Vettuvan Koil in India. The specialty  of this temple is that it is entirely carved out of one solid rock, just like the Kailasa Temple in Ellora Caves. Most temples are built by adding stone blocks and  pillars, but this temple was created by removing or scooping out a part of the hill. Remember the Kailasa Temple is world famous, and the technology employed there is beyond belief, but this temple which is relatively unknown raises a very important question.

Is it possible that this temple was built as a model, a prototype of the Kailasa Temple? The similarities between these 2 temples are uncanny. Both were built on hills. Archeologists say both were built at the same time, during 8th century A.D. This temple employs the same rock cutting technology which used a top to bottom cutting approach like the Kailasa Temple. Look at how they removed the rocks on three sides, this is the same technique in Both temples. If you fall from here, you will be dead but the height of this temple is actually 1/4th of the height of Kailasa Temple. This is exactly 25 feet tall and Kailasa Temple is 100 feet tall. This temple is also dedicated to Lord Shiva, just like the Kailasa Temple. The carvings in this temple are nearly identical to the carvings in Kailasa. Both face precisely to the east. The only difference is that Kailasa Temple is much larger and contains, many many complex structures attached to it, while this temple contains just the main tower.

Today, before we build anything, we create a simpler small scale model called a prototype. Creating a simple prototype helps us understand the difficulties of building larger structures. Was the Vettuvan Koil Temple built as a small scale model of Kailasa Temple? Is this why it is exactly 4 times shorter and is this why they both have so many similarities?  Most experts don’t think ancient builders used 3d models before constructing actual temples. But we have solid evidence that they were using 3d models. Look at this ancient  carving, here is a figure holding a small 3d prototype of a temple. This shows that planning and modeling existed thousands of years ago.

Just like how we create small scale models today, the ancient builders were also building smaller structures before venturing out to create masterpieces like Kailasa Temple.

But who really built this Vettuvan Koil? While archeologists claim it was built by Pandyan Kings in 8th century, they offer little or no evidence to support this theory. In fact, this is the only monolithic structure among the Pandyan temples, which makes this claim highly dubious. If they did make such a temple in the 8th century, why  did they not create more of such temples in the next few centuries of their rule?

Why haven’t historians found one stone inscription or palm leaf manuscript supporting this view? If any king made such an amazing temple, he would have definitely recorded it on the walls of this temple, but nothing is found.  This plaque on site, put up by authorities, talks about Pandyan Kings, but provides absolutely nothing related to this temple.

Locals not only deny the involvement of Pandyan Kingdom, but also reveal something extraordinary. They say that the entire temple was built by just one man, within 48 days. Legend has it that there was a competition between a father and son, and while the father built this temple on the top of the hill, the son built another temple at the bottom of the hill.

I will show you the temple at the bottom in a different video, but the amount of rocks removed in this monolithic temple is about 25,000 tons of solid granite. How did one man scoop out such a large amount of rock in just 48 days? What kind of technology was used? And why was such a brilliant structure suddenly abandoned and was left unfinished?  Was it built as a small scale tryout before building the Kailasa Temple?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

3000 Year Old Temple shows Advanced Technology? Uthirakosamangai, India

Hey guys, today let us take a look at this ancient Temple called Uthiragosamangai. It has some stone carvings which have baffled all experts. There are these statues of large saber toothed lions called Yalis. But inside the mouth of this Yali, is a perfectly spherical stone ball. You can roll this ball, you can rotate it, but it cannot be pulled out of the mouth. People have recently vandalized it and have tried to pull out the ball using force, damaging the statue, which is why it has been closed for public view. How was this mysterious structure created in ancient times?

In fact, the state Government is so baffled by this artifact that they have created modern day carvings like this and placed all over the state. This is a modern day recreation. These were created using high tech machines. Modern Sculptors put flexible sculpting tools inside the mouth and carved the ball. Some experts have theorized that ancient builders followed a similar procedure. After carving the Lion’s mouth, ancient sculptors would have worked for countless days, and slowly chiseled this stone ball inside, using primitive tools.

But locals in the temple area, point out to something much more interesting. They say that these modern statues have a serious flaw. In newer statues, the ball inside is the same material as the rest of the structure, everything is made of one solid rock.

But in this ancient statue, while the lion is made entirely out of one solid block of granite, the ball inside is made of a different material called Onyx. Look at the color difference: the statue looks much lighter, while the ball looks black in color. Now, why are we not able to pull the ball out of the lion’s mouth? Because the ball is larger in size, than the openings in the mouth. But how was the ball, which is made of a different rock, put inside in this opening the first place? This ball is not a flexible rubber ball, it is made of solid rock, so it would be impossible to achieve this without rock melting technology. Remember, I have already shown you clear evidence of Rock Melting Technology at a different temple called Ramappa Temple.  So, does this statue prove that ancient builders were melting rocks? How else could such a feat be accomplished.

Many tourists see this mind-boggling statue, and think that this is also a modern day creation, but archeologists confirm that it is older than 600 years.  However, the temple was already mentioned in a 9th century text called Tiruvasagam, making it older than 1200 years. But locals believe that this temple is one of the oldest temples in India, about 3000 years old. According to locals, this temple was entirely built 3000 years ago using advanced technology, and not using primitive tools. As evidence they point out this carving.  Here you can see an elephant carved inside a one inch circle. You can see all its features, including the eyes, so what kind of tools were used in ancient times? The temple contains many  strange features, it houses a 5 foot tall dancing Shiva made entirely out of emerald. There is also  a tree which botanists have confirmed to be 3000 years old.

While historians claim that human beings lived a primitive lifestyle 3000 years ago, what we actually see is evidence of Rock Melting Technology, extremely sophisticated carvings and proof of an advanced civilization.  Did we once have a highly developed civilization which used advanced technology? How else can we explain these evidences?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Bike Carved in a 2000 Year Old Temple. History is WRONG?

Hey guys, I am at this ancient temple in India called the Panchavarnaswamy Temple  temple and here you can see something quite extraordinary. In a dark corner, on one of the walls, we can see this amazing carving of a man riding a bicycle.Historians tell us that the bicycle was invented in 1800s, just 200 years ago, but how was this carved in this ancient temple which is about 2000 years old?

Before we go into this, first let us confirm if this is really a bike. Here you can see a man holding 2 ends of the handle bar, and is in a sitting position on the saddle. One of his feet is clearly on the pedal, if you look closely, you can even see the pedal underneath. There are two wheels, this is clearly a bicycle, there is absolutely no doubt about this. And we have read in history books, that bikes were invented in the last 200 years in Europe. But this carving does not show a European, it shows an Indian man with a large moustache, and a shawl on the top. His waistcloth confirms that this is an Indian.

Is it possible that bikes were used in India thousands of years ago? Are we looking at evidence of suppressed history? To understand this, we need to learn how bikes work. To ride a bike, we need three important things, wheels, Mechanical power transmission like chain drives and the ability to balance your body. All experts agree that wheels were invented in copper age, which is about 6,500 years ago. Archeologists recently discovered a chariot with wheels in India which is at least 3800 years old. We have clear evidence that complex power transmissions systems were used in ancient times. Not only do we see gears, we have solid evidence of lathe machining which would be impossible without mechanical transmission systems. We invented wheels 6500 years ago, But why did it take human beings more than 6000 years, to invent the bicycle?

Some experts give a strange reason for this. Since early human beings evolved from apes, they were not only unable to put complex ideas together, they were also not able to balance their bodies like modern human beings. Today, we have learnt to use our bodies to do impossible acrobatic tricks, this is an evolving art but ancient people were physically clumsy people. But this theory is nonsense, because the carvings in ancient temples clearly prove that early human beings were able to do these great acrobatic tricks. They had better, flexible bodies than us, these carvings are incredible but that’s another video. So, we can see evidence of wheels, transmission systems and body balancing in ancient Indian temples. Did it really take many thousand years to put all these three things together to create a bike, or were bicycles really used in ancient times?

But what do mainstream archeologists and historians say about this carving? They have very simple explanations. Some have argued that this temple was entirely built just 100 years ago. Since this is not an ancient temple, all these carvings are new, and sculptors carved what they saw. There were bikes 100 years ago, so it was easy for sculptors to carve this. Are experts right? Is it possible that this is a new temple built in the last century? No, because this temple is mentioned in the 7th century text called  Tevaram. This text, written in ancient Tamil language clearly mentions this temple by its name. Therefore, this temple existed 1200 years ago. There are not only inscriptions on the temple walls to prove that this is an ancient temple, this site was even recorded by the Greek geographer Ptolemy who lived about 1900 years ago, so this temple must be at least 2000 years old.

Other experts have claimed that although this is an ancient temple, this pillar is a new addition. But look carefully,  this is not a free standing pillar. If this is a pillar standing alone like what you see here, we can argue that it was a recent addition, but the bicycle is carved on the walls. It looks like a pillar but it is in fact part of a large wall. This means that the entire stone block was a newer addition which is highly unlikely. Some experts have even claimed that the wall was in fact an ancient wall, and modern sculptors merely carved the bike on the existing wall. This is impossible, because all sculptures are created at a raised level than the planes they are sitting on. If such a carving was to be made recently, then they would have to level the entire plane of the existing wall to make this carving stand out. If this was done, it would have been a major reconstruction or renovation project.  But even after extensive research, I find there is absolutely no evidence to show that there were any major additions or renovations done in this temple.  While I am able to trace evidence of this temple and its sculptures back to as far as 2000 years, I am not able to find one single record of any renovation that happened in the last 2 centuries. So, all these theories that this is a new carving are completely baseless.

But why are archeologists and experts coming out with these baseless theories? Their argument is simple: Since this is a bicycle, and bicycles were invented just 200 years ago, this must be a recent carving. If they even  mention the possibility of advanced ancient technology, mainstream experts would quickly label them as pseudo-scientists and they would be out of their jobs. But ancient Indian temples are full of these evidences of advanced technology.  Remember, I have already shown you a telescope carved in the 900 year old Hoysaleswara temple. We have seen advanced technology such as floating rocks used many centuries ago. We have seen clear evidence of machining in ancient sites. So, my question is simple. Is it possible that bicycles were used in ancient times, or is this just an elaborate hoax?

-Praveen Mohan

World’s Smallest Carvings found in Ancient Indian Temple – Evidence of Machining Technology?

Hey guys, I am at the Darasuram temple in India which is 850 years old and here we can see the smallest carvings in the world. Let’s take a look at this bull carved on one of the pillars. This is about 2 inches wide, but it also shows all the features of a bull. You can see the hump, the horns, ears and eyes, there is even an extended tail,  but look carefully, and you can see the Hoofs, and even the nostril, which is just 1 millimeter wide, carved on it. Now, compare this with the carving of the largest bull in the world, this is also situated in India, in a place called Lepakshi, which is about 300 miles away. This bull is nearly 15 feet tall and 27 feet long. The smallest carving of the bull is so small, that you can place 10 of them inside the toenail, or the dewclaw of the largest bull.

But this 2 inch bull is not really the smallest carving in the temple, some of the carvings are even smaller. This carving is less than 2 inches tall and shows Lord Shiva and we can even identify the weapons and objects he is holding in his multiple hands. Here is a lion which is just one and a half inch long, it is a shame that the temple has gone through many centuries of corrosion, many of these carvings have deteriorated. Here is the dancing elephant god, which is even smaller, he is just one inch long. You can see his crown, pot belly and his arms and legs in a dancing posture. Of course, we have to wonder how ancient builders were able to create 1 inch carvings, 850 years ago. Remember I showed you the skulls in Hoysaleswara temple, these are also one inch wide. They are completely hollow and you can pass a twig through one of the ears and can pull it out through the eyes.  Were these amazing carvings created using advanced machines or with primitive tools?

But there are carvings even smaller than this at the Darasuram Temple, here is a  carving less than 1 inch wide and actually consists of two figures, Lord Shiva and his wife in a sitting posture. This means that each figure is less than half an inch in size. Even today, you can see that people smear saffron powder on this carving as a ritual, this ritual has corroded this carving to a considerable extent, but even after eight centuries, we are able to identify these half inch gods because of their features.

But all this is nothing, because we are only looking at the full carvings, we have to examine the details on the carvings to really appreciate ancient technology. Here is Lord Shiva in the form of a beggar, and look carefully and you will see a begging bowl in his hand. This bowl is carved to the size of black pepper or pepper corn, which is just 4 millimeters wide. Here is the wife of Shiva and you can see the religious dot on her forehead, this less than 2 millimeters. You can even see the smile on her face, Some of the details are so small even to capture with my camera, but if you visit this temple, please do examine these pillars. But be very careful, because – see these designs, which look like Egyptian pyramids, the tips of these pyramids are less than 1 millimeter wide and they will prick you like needles. And this is after eight hundred and fifty  years of corrosion, so imagine how sharp they must have been, when they were first created.

But the question is, how can anyone create needle sharp carvings on solid rocks with primitive tools like chisels and hammers?  I mean, less than 1 millimeter wide? How did ancient builders accomplish this? Showing emotions if the figures are smiling or frowning on one inch carvings? Half inch deities, recognizable after 850 years of corrosion? A bowl the size of black pepper, just 4 millimeters wide? Sharp points with less than 1 millimeter that can still prick like needles? Were these created with primitive tools or were ancient builders using advanced technology?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan