Isurumuniya Cave – Ancient ULTRASONIC GATEWAY Found in Sri Lanka?


Hey guys, I am at the Isurumuniya temple in Sri Lanka, and it is a fascinating site with many beautiful statues, but there is an ancient structure which defies all explanation. This is a cave or a den like structure which is considered sacred by locals and if you visit this place, there are 2 reasons you will feel really weird about this. One, is the thousands of bats which are tightly packed inside and you don’t understand why you see such a large number of bats here. But there is another question which will run through your subconscious mind. Why do you see these bats in such a bright place? We never see bats in broad daylight. Actually bats don’t like light, their eyes are not adapted to this condition, in fact bats go so far to avoid flying on Full Moon nights because even that much light is too bright for them. So why do bats tolerate this well-lit area and hang around this place?

Locals believe that this den emits a magical sound which is not audible to human beings, but bats are mesmerized by this divine sound, which is why they stay here forever. This story seems like a fairy tale, but there is some strange coincidence between this folklore and modern scientific findings. Human beings can hear sounds only up to a frequency of 20 Khz and anything over 20Khz is called ultrasonic frequency and we are not capable of hearing such frequency. However, bats can hear ultrasonic frequencies up to 200 Khz.
Is it possible that this cave is emitting an ultrasonic frequency which attracts bats? How can a natural cave emit such a frequency?

Now, At first sight, we think this is a natural cave, but if you observe carefully we can see that it is not a natural structure at all. On the top, there is an arch neatly laid with stone slabs. You can see cubes cut out on the walls. There are several curvy lines carved all over the walls. And if we look carefully on the other side, and we can see small stone slabs placed on top of each other. According to legend, there is an ancient device concealed behind the stone wall which emits a magical sound capable of mesmerizing these bats. Is such a device possible? Scientists have recently discovered that it is in fact possible to make bats come to your location by emitting specific ultrasonic frequencies.
Bats do get attracted to these frequencies and will approach the source. What we see in the movie “Batman” is based on fact – so today, we do have such ultrasonic devices.

We know that this is not a natural cave. So, did ancient builders create some kind of ultrasonic device which is still hidden behind the wall, and if so, what does it look like?
Perhaps the device would looks like this strange carving, which is located less than half a mile away. This figure looks like a circuit diagram with complex symbols carved all over it. There is also a wave which looks remarkably similar to a sound wave. Is it possible that an actual device like this lays buried in the walls of the bat cave? This carving is known as ‘The Stargate of Sri Lanka’ and is considered as a device that can transport us to different planets.

What is even stranger is that, there is yet another similar cave nearby, popularly known as the Yoni. This Yoni is also considered a worm hole which can be activated using sound. Some people even claim that this a sonic boom tunnel. Again, it also looks like a natural cave, but it is not. On top, look at the rectangular slabs – they have been placed between the two large boulders. Let us go inside this cave, and we can see how neatly the stone slabs have been arranged. What were ancient builders trying to do? On the walls, we can see cubes cut out and we can also see long, deep cuts, just like the bat cave. Locals believe that there was a similar sound device placed here as well, which was destroyed many centuries ago. May be this is why there are no bats here.

On top of the granite blocks, we can see remnants of a brick structure. Today, we can see light shining from the other side, but perhaps it originally had a brick wall at the end, which had an ultrasonic device. These broken brick blocks strewn around may have been part of that wall. So what do you think? Did ultrasonic portals exist in ancient times? How else can we explain the strange behavior of bats, the advanced technical drawing of the Stargate, and the beautiful Yoni cave?

Praveen Mohan


Se7en Stages of Defense at Sigiriya, Sri Lanka – Part I

Hey guys, today we are going to take a look at this giant rock called Sigiriya. On top of the rock, there are mysterious ancient ruins which have not been fully explained by archeologists. How did ancient builders create such extraordinary structures on top of a rock, which is 660 feet tall? But there is an even more important question: Why did anyone choose to build these structures on an impossible location? All experts agree that construction on such an isolated, inaccessible location means there was something verysecretive going on here. Whoever built this, clearly did not want anyone to come upeasily and find out what is going on.

In a previous video, we saw what was on top of the rock – in this video, we are going to see 7 stages of obstacles created by ancient builders to prevent enemies from reaching the top of the rock. Today, when we say Sigiriya we usually mean this giant rock, but Sigiriya actually stands for the entire ancient complex which consists of many lines of defense.The very first, outermost obstacle you face when entering the Sigiriya complex is the water gardens. This actually looks like a welcoming place and looks beautiful, and archeologists have named this as water gardens, but the truth is, this entire set up was designed to kill and destroy people who entered without permission. If you look at the ancient plan of Sigiriya, it is almost completely covered on all sides with water, like a fort with a moat, everything you see in blue is water.

In fact, even today, we enter Sigiriya only through bridges to cross over the moat. Of course, outside the moat, there is another line of defense, it is actually the first line of defense which is the brick wall. If you look at the aerial view of Sigiriya, we realize that an enormous outer wall, a rampart has been built for protection. I am not going into explain this wall because I have not studied it fully.

Now, going back to the Water gardens:  the water gardens, utilizes a very complex ancient hydraulic system. The water gardens can be flooded at will by manipulating the system, and even today, we can flood the water levels and completely stop everyone from entering this place. When you enter Sigiriya complex, you will see a series of tanks, brick walls, and strange constructions which look like a bunch of random structures which don’t make any sense. But when I went to the top of the rock, and then looked at the bigger picture, it is astounding because the area looks like a circuit board, built by the gods. There are 4 tanks, 2 on each side of the walk way. And there are four fountains symmetrically built, 2 on each side. These fountains still work today.  These fountains are connected to the moat.

Using the principle of gravity and pressure, water is pushed from the moat,  into the fountains, through underground channels. This will activate the fountains which will in turn fill the tanks, and these tanks are all interconnected at the base, so there will be uniform water level in all 4 tanks.  This snake like structure was also created to control the movement of water, water cannot flow straight, and will have varying speeds at different points because of the curves. Notice how everything is connected, and this is just a very small part of the water gardens, so you can imagine the complexity of this entire system.

Now, how did ancient builders flood this entire area? There are massive water tanks created all around Sigiriya complex and most of them are at an elevated position. There is a large artificial lake to the South of the Rock called Vava, which is connected to the moat and the fountains, and water can be released from it, at will. This will cause the moat’s water level to rise and cause flooding all around Sigiriya. We can also flood specific areas, without affecting the other areas, we can specifically flood this entrance alone.

If we push some small obstructions through the conduits to the water fountains, the fountains will not be able to close, and will continue to keep releasing water, and will flood the entrance. If we explore the ground level, we can see many tanks which collect rain water, and  they have conduits which can be opened for flooding the area. And each tank is different and has some extraordinary feature. Remember, in Sigiriya, ancient builders used nature as a part of their construction. Look at this octagonal tank with 8 sides, 6 sides have been built by placing rocks artificially, but 2 sides are actually made of natural rocks in their original position.

Releasing water from these tanks will result in slow and steady flooding, since the speed of water flow depends on elevation. The higher the tank, the faster the water will flow. So, the most important tanks are located on top of the Sigiriya rock, which are capable of holding enormous amount of water. There are at least 3 large tanks and several smaller ones on top of the rock. On the rock face, we can see these ancient channels carved for routing the water from the tanks to the ground level. In the center of this large tank, we can see something that is called the “Stairs to Nowhere”.

There are stairs which come out of the pool and lead to a chair, all cut out in granite, and no one knows why this seat is carved. What is the purpose of this seat? If you sit on the chair, it gives a view of the entire area and you can spot an army marching hundreds of miles away, and then all you have to do is  get in and open the drain to this massive tank, which will act as a signal to open all the other tanks and will flood the entire ground level in a matter of hours.

Now, what happens when the entire ground level gets flooded?  Human beings are capable of swimming, and if the attacking army is a cavalry, even horses swim very well, so both humans and horses can get through by swimming. However, the movement would be very slow, compared to how horsemen can march on the ground. When water floods, the crocodiles will emerge to the ground level. If anyone tries to swim, they will be torn apart by crocodiles which live in the moat. This is not just a theory, the crocs actually still live here today, and we see a dozen different sign boards warning us not to get into the water, because of crocodiles. Experts have not understood that the entire set up was created as a defense mechanism, and have been trying to explain the water gardens as a thing of beauty. But they are scratching their heads about some tanks which make absolutely no sense at all.

In random places, ancient builders have created tanks which are only few inches deep. They are very shallow, and their bases have been laid with polished marble and shiny stones. Experts have no idea why these were built, but these were built as defense mechanisms. These shallow tanks will appear as deep pools and confuse the enemies, it is a sort of a psychological warfare. The shiny rocks and marble were placed in, so they will reflect the sky and appear as though they are deep, and the enemy will definitely stumble, because some tanks, in this area, are really deep, and some tanks like these are actually shallow.

This is actually clearly explained in the Indian Epic Mahabharata, where a palace is built with deep and shallow pools side by side and makes the antagonist stumble and fall. The most interesting correlation is that the epic states that this palace was built by Mayasura, who is the Father-In-Law of King Ravana. And Sigiriya is more popularly known as Ravana’s Palace, and Sri Lankans believe he used Sigiriya Rock as a Fort or Palace.

Now, if enemies successfully passed through the first barrier, which is water, they would encounter something known as ‘Rock Gardens’ or ‘Boulder Gardens’ . This is the second level of defense system, a stone defense system. Here, ancient builders have made a brilliant blend of natural setting combined with artificial structures. The landscape design in this stage is completely in contrast to the symmetry and geometry of the firststage. The first stage has a lot of symmetrical structures, but this stage is full of random clusters of boulders. And these rocks appear to naturally make way for us, and you can see stairs have been built to go through them. The idea behind this defense system is this: These arches are so narrow that  only two people can walk through them at any given time. Even if you had an army of millions, you can only march in pairs through here, and you can be killed off easily.There are several pairs of rocks which are set up strategically, and I am not sure if they were already here naturally, or if they were put in place artificially.

Ancient builders definitely worked on them, here you can see the faces have been shaved off. Archeology reports tell me these are drip ledges, to prevent water from touching the rock face. All drip ledges are built to prevent water from touching what’s below them. But what is the need to protect the rock face? It doesn’t have a trace of painting, inscriptions or anything on it. And all these rocks have tool marks on them, which nobody has been able to explain. Is it possible, that these huge rocks were actually cut artificially and transported to this place and made into arches? I definitely think so, because otherwise there is no need for tool marks, shavings and I doubt if such a large number of rocks could occur naturally, in pairs, for ancient builders to construct stairs through them.

Even though archeologists believe Sigiriya was built during the 5th century, which is about 1500 years ago, they have examined the rock barriers set up all around this level. There are at least 30 different caves in this area, and excavation done at a cave called “Ahgala” revealed that people were living here 6,000 years ago. This has baffled experts and some are of the opinion that Sigiriya is the oldest surviving monument in Sri Lanka, which predates all historical records in the country. Now,  there are some rocks which are much more fascinating than these stone arches. All around Sigiriya, at high altitudes, there are strange, elongated, massive rocks placed at an angle.

For example, if we look at this rock, it at least 30 feet long and 15 feet tall and weighs a minimum of 1,000 tons.  Note how it has been placed on a slope using these small cylindrical rocks for balancing, there is no way this a natural occurrence. Ancient builders definitely cut this rock from the bottom half, lifted it up, and then placed small cylindrical rocks between them. These bizarre setups are called prison rocks, because locals imagine that people can be put through the crack, and will appear as though they are behind bars.

Sigiriya has several Prison Rocks set up all around it, but the question is why did ancient builders create these weird structures? Because, if enemies came past the water barrier and managed to get through the stone arches, these Prison Rocks can be easily moved out of their positions with minimal amount of force. All prison rocks are at an elevated level, so these massive rocks will drop from a height, and cause other rocks to drop as well, causing an avalanche effect, which will fall on the enemies and completely destroy them .  Ancient builders have clearly understood the concept of center of balance. Notice how, there are smaller stones placed on top of the rock, this was definitely done to alter its natural center of gravity.

These small stones, the angle at which the slope is made, the 30 degree angle at which these cylindrical stones are set up, were all done to make sure that the rock can be easily pushed down with just a little bit of force.  In fact, the archeology department understands that these rocks can be easily pushed down by tourists, which is why they have added these sand bags to make them immovable. Of course, the real question is how did ancient builders cut such a massive rock, and lift more than 1000 tons? How did they balance it on a slope with these stone bars, and how did they manage to balance these small stones at a 30 degree angle?

How did they calculate the center of gravity? Where did they test all these things? Today, it would be impossible to set this up  without heavy machinery and precise instruments.  And I have spoken only about 2 stages of defense, but as far as I know, I have never seen such an elaborate design created to protect any ancient site. I will talk about the other stages of defense in a different video.

Praveen Mohan

Srirangam Temple – Evidence of Advanced Ancient Civilization

Hey guys, today we are going to take a look at this ancient temple at Srirangam. This is the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world, it actually takes up an entire island, occupying about 156 acres of land. When you drive through these towers, you are entering the temple premises, but Inside the temple campus, there is an entire city with streets, shops and houses. But don’t let the bustling modern crowd fool you, because this temple is at least 2000 years old and contains many ancient secrets inside.

The most intriguing feature of this temple, is the large number of mysterious carvings. The carvings in this temple literally debunk many of the stuff we read in history books. For example, these carvings show Chinese soldiers. This Chinese man is stabbing the back of an Indian, and this man is also being stabbed by another Chinese man behind him. The droopy mustache and the long, traditional Chinese dress with buttons called Changshan clearly prove that these are Chinese people, but according to Historians,  Faxian was the first Chinese traveler to visit India around 400 A.D. But this temple was built at least 300 years before that. So, you can see how these ancient carvings show that History books need to be updated and Chinese were visiting India and were even fighting with Indians 2000 years ago. Similarly, you can see a camel carved here, you can see the long neck, the hump and notice the typical flat feet of camels. But camels are not native to India. According to experts, camels were brought into India only about a 1000 years ago, from Middle East. So, how were sculptors able to carve the camel 2000 years ago in this temple? While historians argue that 2000 years ago, people around the world were not connected,  we can see that this ancient temple shows an advanced civilization which was connected to both east and west for many thousands of miles. We have seen evidence of even African connection in other Ancient temples.

The carvings in this temple not only give information like this, but are also extremely artistic. Here you can see this complicated animal with many, many bodies. What this actually shows is a monkey with 4 bodies, but just one head. If I cover the rest of the sides and show you the top, you can see a monkey hanging upside down. If I cover everything except the bottom, you can see the monkey in a sitting position.  Of course you can expose just the left side or right side, and you can see the other positions, of this monkey having fun.

So, you can see how sculptors carved just one face, but put 4 bodies attached to the same face. And of course if you look at it long enough, you begin to see what it actually shows. Lifecycle of monkeys and even human beings. The first stage is when you are young, and you spend it by playing. The second stage, you spend on sex. The third stage is when you spend it on raising your children. Notice the difference between the left and right position, they look similar but they are not the same. Look at the tail here, and how this young monkey is actually sitting on the back of its mother. The last stage, is of course you are old and you just wait for death to come. Is the lifecycle of monkeys very different from that of human beings? Tell me your opinion in the comments section.

And here you can see this weird animal. I have shown you a similar carving in a different temple before. If you cover one side, you see a bull. If you cover the other side, you can see an elephant. But this carving is more interesting. Apparently this guy has a weird body, look at the bottom part.  But if I cover this part, You can see two people fighting with swords. Just imagine looking at a slideshow. This is the first scene. Now, if I cover the top part, this person has actually been killed and his upper body is falling on the ground, even though the legs are still standing. So, you can see how sculptors are able to use one  panel like a motion picture.

And these carvings are not just limited to pillars, this temple has a total of 21 towers and most of the towers are completely filled with carvings and statues. Ancient Hinduism is an extremely liberal religion, you can see Lord Krishna’s life portrayed in many of these towers in great detail. Beautiful, and richly painted statues adorn these towers. But we are not allowed to climb these towers and take a closer look at them, which is why I am showing you these carvings on the pillars in detail. Here you can see 3 guys balancing themselves while bending backwards. And If you look closely, you can even see their ribs. This is a crocodile and you can see that there is a monkey inside its stomach. This actually shows a scene from an ancient Indian text.  And here is a very strange stone artifact. It has 5 holes, and there are two foot prints carved nearby. What is the purpose of this and how was it used?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan

Baffling Ancient “OOPArt” in India? Weird Idols of Ramappa Temple

Hey guys, this is the ancient Ramappa temple and you are looking at a very fascinating structure full of brilliant carvings, but your eyes are naturally attracted to these shiny black idols, which look completely out of place. Almost all visitors are totally spellbound by these idols – this is the center of attraction in this temple even though most of them have been destroyed by invaders.  When you look at these idols,  why do you think that these idols don’t belong here, they somehow feel like out of place artifacts? Because your mind’s intuition tells you that these idols could not have been made without machines, and you have been taught through a lot of books that ancient builders did not use machines. This conflict is why you feel that these are out of place artifacts. This is not only happening in your mind, but all visitors get confused and mesmerized by these idols at the same time.

Almost all visitors think these are modern day wax models molded and recently placed, but archeologists confirm that these are at least 800 years old. The temple has thousands of great carvings, but they can be made with simple tools, but these statues, known as Madhanikas, cannot be made with chisels and hammers. Such perfect statues can be made only with advanced technology. These idols seem to have no human errors, they are so well polished, they actually create a phenomenon called “highlights and shadows” due to their reflection. What do I mean by this?

When a material is polished with hands, it doesn’t achieve a great level of reflective surface, but when an object is created with machines, it becomes so reflective that it automatically creates lighter areas called highlights and darker areas called shadows. In reality this container I am holding doesn’t have any dark or bright areas, but it reflects the light in the surrounding to create these illusions. This is similar to highlights and shadows in photography, but that effect is created by light. This effect is only achievable on stones with polishing created by machines.

For example, you can see this woman called Nagini or Snake woman. On her body, you can notice several shades of lightness and darkness. The entire structure is made of one stone, but this is so well polished, that it automatically creates dark areas and light areas. And in photography, we create this effect by using sunlight or by reflecting sunlight using reflectors, but these statues are so well polished, they don’t even need sunlight. Look, the sun is above the roof, it is not shining on these idols and you can still see plenty of shades, because they are reflecting the light from the surrounding. The tour guides tell me that the shadow of the necklace falling on her body is also an illusion. If there is no sunlight, how could there be a shadow? People are baffled by this and locals believe there was some sort of heat treatment done in this area to make it look like a shadow. However, I think this is a shadow cast because of the extremely well polished surface, and it takes the light from the surroundings.

Now, what kind of technology existed 800 years ago which can create this level of perfect reflection on solid rock? Archeologists and historians are repeatedly telling us that ancient builders were primitive people who used simple tools. In reality, this effect can be created only by using advanced technology.

In today’s technology, we are able to melt wax and mold it into realistic figures, but we have not been able to mold rocks into statues. But these statues, which are made of black basalt, a very hard rock, have been created using similar technology. Unless we test them in a lab, we may not be able to find out if they used melting technology or machining technology. Look at the back of the idol here. This is how black basalt really looks. A stone that looks like this was finished to look like this – how was this possible? It is impossible to achieve this level of polishing with simple abrasives like sand. And remember, I have already shown you carvings in the same temple which look like drilling and polishing tools. You can watch it by clicking on the top right corner of this video. Were these idols created using molding technology or with machining tools?

These figures have a strange effect on your eyes. The more time you spend on them, the more  you are amazed by them. Today’s statues and paintings have errors, for example look at this painting of a woman wearing shoes. In this position of her foot, there should be a gap between her shoe and her foot. This is a mistake made by the painter. But there are no such mistakes in these idols, and you may think.. well, ancient women did not wear shoes, but not only is this figure wearing high heels, but the gap between the foot and her shoe is accurately shown. Here is a beautiful woman holding a bow, and a little man is removing a thorn from her foot. Look carefully and you see how there is a small swelling on her foot because of the thorn. These are just uncanny details.

Here is a naughty monkey pulling this woman’s clothes, and the dress has come down from her waist, revealing her private parts. Of course, you can see that this hand has been destroyed by invaders  and  in this picture, I’ve tried to recreate this hand, and originally it would have completely covered her genitalia. What really surprises me is not the perfect depiction of this area. What surprises me is this:  The space between the hand and her genitals would have been less than one inch. It would be impossible to carve this with simple tools like chisels because  you would need a lot more space to use the chisel and make the hammer movements. This would not even be possible with many of the modern tools we have, because there is simply not enough space even to put these tools in. So, how were the ancient builders able to carve her private parts under her hand ? Perhaps the real clues are these 2 perfect circles found on this idol. Originally, this figure had a necklace, but it was destroyed but what we see here are 2 perfect circles which stand as connection points between her body and the necklace. So, ask yourself, what are these 2 circles doing here? If this entire structure is made of one solid rock, you should not see these perfect circles when the necklace was destroyed.

What you would see is an unshapely dis-figuration like this area on this statue. So, think about what kind of technology would have really been employed. And of course, there is another important question we need to ask ourselves. Why were these statues placed around the temple? No one has answered this question until now. There are a total of 12 statues and each one represents a sign of the zodiac. Watch the video again, and you can find connections between each statue and a zodiac sign.

So what do you think? Were these idols made with advanced technology by superior builders or were they created with primitive tools by hardworking laborers? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Ancient Engineering Technology – Ramappa Temple, India

Hey guys, let’s take a look at Ramappa Temple which was built at least 800 years ago, and by the end of this video, I think you would agree with me that ancient builders must have used a very advanced technology, similar to modern day technology.

Let’s take a look at the ceiling in the center of this temple. In one square, we can see hundreds of Gods and if you zoom in and shine a flashlight, we can identify each and every one of them. Every corner tells a story. We are not going to examine the complex spiral designs which look like 3d cymatic patterns, we are not going to look at the protruding buds, and the centerpiece which is hanging out in the middle. We are only going to zoom in on the smaller figures which are less than 1 inch long. This temple was invaded by a commander called Malik Kafur, and he destroyed some of these figures.

But what’s fascinating is that after he destroyed the figures, you can clearly see the X mark behind them. This means there is a gap between each small idol, and the surface at the back. The idols are very small, less than 1 inch long, so the gaps between the idol and the background must have been in millimeters. So, how did anyone create these X marks behind them within these small gaps? Forget about ancient machining technology. We cannot even carve these X marks today, because there is no room to put your hands inside and carve them? How can we make the X pattern on solid rock, with 2 millimeters space to carve, even with modern machinery? We would need flexible drilling and polishing tools similar to instruments used for advanced surgical operations like laparoscopy. Even if they were molded using rock melting technology, the ancient builders would still need very advanced precision tools to create the mold or the frame itself.

But there is more baffling evidence of ancient machining technology. This temple has a series of statues placed all around it, and at first look, you think they are modern day wax models molded to perfection. Archeologists confirm that these were made by ancient builders, but there are no tool marks, and no human errors made on these structures. Were they created using high tech engraving and polishing tools, similar to what we use today?

Now, what really baffles me about these statues is not how perfect they are, but how they are still standing in place, even after a powerful earthquake shook this temple. The earthquake dislodged many of the blocks in the temple, and I have already shown you how the ancient builders made this structure earthquake proof.  But how did these statues, not fall down?

These are individual statues made of black basalt and are standing at an angle. How are they attached to these sandstone blocks behind them? Normally, it would be impossible to find out, but ancient builders were extremely clever, they knew that someday, someone would come looking for answers.

This is why they created a miniature model, a 3d prototype of the temple, and placed it in the temple campus itself. And all I had to was to identify the spots where the statues would have been placed. Look at these rectangular slots here, and the protruding base here. This is where the statues stand in the actual temple. Now we understand how these statues are standing firmly even after the earthquake. These statues were fitted on the slots, so they wouldn’t fall down.  This is really fascinating, because if we look at the miniature model, it would have been easy for the ancient builders to create smaller statues and fix them in these appropriate places. But why did they leave these slots empty? If they had placed small statues in these places, the slots wouldn’t be visible. They left it empty, so we, the future generation can understand how the statues were fit in place. Is it possible, that the ancient builders are trying to teach us how they actually built these temples?

And there is one thing I did not fully understand about the ancient earthquake proofing technology. How did these rectangular blocks called Plinth beams come above the ground? In modern buildings made of concrete, the plinth beams will try to withstand the earthquake, and in case of a powerful earthquake like what happened here, the entire structure would have collapsed. But it did not happen in this temple – when the earthquake struck, the plinth beams popped out from underneath the pillars, and saved the temple from collapsing. So, how were the plinth beams fixed to these pillars? The answer is in the miniature model. At the bottom of the pillars, you can see small slots carved. This is where the plinth beams were inserted. This type of basic slots are neither too tight nor too loose. When a powerful earthquake occurs, the pillars would let go of the plinth beams, and the plinth beams will break, saving the temple from collapsing. If they would have been made a rigid construction, like modern concrete structures, the entire temple would have been collapsed.

We can see that the ancient builders are answering all the questions which have baffled us. But what about the tools used to carve behind these very small idols on the ceiling? This temple has used some extraordinary drilling technology, there are holes which are only a few millimeters wide. You can only pass a flexible thread through them, not even a straight object like a needle. These minute holes cannot be created with chisels, especially on such a hard rock like basalt. They must have definitely used advanced tools like modern day drilling tools. If ancient builders used such advanced tools, wouldn’t they show them on the prototype as well?

Here we can see something remarkably similar to a modern day drill bit. This carving looks almost identical to a tool that we use today – uh -This tool is called step drill bit, and has many advantages over a regular drill bit. If you compare these two side by side, they both have the same conical head, with horizontal lines which are called steps, and both have them even have a vertical groove in the middle. But it is the bottom part of the carving that confirms, this a tool bit. Today our tool bits have a hexagonal stopper at the base to lock into the chuck and not slip. They also have a cylindrical groove at the top of it. This 800 year old figure shows the exact same thing, except that it has a square base to lock into the chuck and has the same cylindrical groove. Are ancient builders trying to tell us that they were using advanced tool bits, just like what we use today?

If these carvings are not tools, what else could they be? We can see everything else is identical between the prototype and the actual temple. Here we can see the small bull on the prototype, and the much larger bull is also there. We can see small pillars and we can see the larger pillars in the temple, which look exactly the same. We can see everything that is shown in this prototype recreated at a larger scale in the temple.  But we don’t see these large scale drill bit like structures anywhere in the temple. Why did they carve them in the miniature model, if they are not present anywhere in the actual temple?  Were they simply left as clues for us to find out how this temple was built?

Perhaps the real evidence can be found at Warangal fort, which is about 40 miles from here. There are carvings of Hindu Gods, but look into their hands. They are shown holding the same drill bits. In many Hindu temples, Gods are shown holding just the head of these tools. And some people believe this represents a pinecone or even corn.  But in these carvings, we can see that the Gods are shown holding the entire tool with a long base. This confirms that this is definitely a tool used in ancient times.

If ancient builders used high tech instruments like drilling machines, perhaps that technology would explain the mystery of these pillars. The pillars in the temple, don’t make any sense. Some parts of the pillars, look like they have been molded. Other parts of the same pillar look like they have been machined with power tools. How could  a pillar made of one solid block of stone, show 2 completely different types of processes? And there is something even more confusing. You can see that the pillars are slightly bent at the top portion. When the earthquake struck, these pillar actually became bent out of shape. These are made of basalt, a very hard, brittle rock. Rocks break, they don’t bend like plastic. So, what’s the secret of these bending pillars? Let’s go back to the miniature model one last time, and these miniature pillars are carved here, and they are identical in design to the actual pillars. They even have these straight slots and curved slots, so we know these are the same pillars.  But here, we can see something very strange, there are triangular marks connecting the rectangular piece at the bottom to the cylindrical piece at the top. Today, engineers we use a type of joint called Taper Joint, it is considered a very strong joint. To connect 2 different parts, one part is created with a tapered protrusion, and the other part will have a tapered hole. And both these parts will be connected by force, and it is nearly impossible to separate them afterwards. Is it possible, that these conical symbols represent taper joint, to show that these 2 separate stone blocks were joined together to make one single pillar. Does the bottom stone have a tapered protrusion, and the top stone have a tapered hole? This theory perfectly explains why the pillars look bent at the top. The pillars made of single stone would have broken, but these pillars must have been made of several blocks and assembled with taper joints, which is why they are bent.

But at this point, the whole idea of taper jointing several blocks to make a pillar is just a theory. To really prove this,  I would have to climb up above 8 feet, and examine these pillars, to see if they are in fact made of multiple blocks. And Archeology department refused to give me permission to examine these pillars.

But I really had to find out, and there are a few abandoned ancient temples nearby which are not maintained by the department of Archeology, I mean no one even enters these temples.  So I decided to go to a temple called the underground temple, which was built around the same time. I will show you this temple in another video, but we are going to find if these pillars are made of one solid piece or if they were  made by joining different blocks. And I find exactly what we are looking for. The joint is clearly visible at the top, and you can see it has dislocated a little bit when earthquake struck. If you look inside, you can even see how these two stone blocks are joined, there is a protruding piece on the bottom stone, which is fitting inside the hole of the stone at the top. There is no doubt that this was the same technology used in the pillars of Ramappa temple.

I think, for the very first time in many centuries, we are actually beginning to understand what the ancient builders are trying to say. They have put these symbols of tools, joints and slots for teaching us about their technology. And I think we have successfully decoded these symbols. What do you think?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section and please do share this video with your friends.

-Praveen Mohan

World’s Smallest Carvings found in Ancient Indian Temple – Evidence of Machining Technology?

Hey guys, I am at the Darasuram temple in India which is 850 years old and here we can see the smallest carvings in the world. Let’s take a look at this bull carved on one of the pillars. This is about 2 inches wide, but it also shows all the features of a bull. You can see the hump, the horns, ears and eyes, there is even an extended tail,  but look carefully, and you can see the Hoofs, and even the nostril, which is just 1 millimeter wide, carved on it. Now, compare this with the carving of the largest bull in the world, this is also situated in India, in a place called Lepakshi, which is about 300 miles away. This bull is nearly 15 feet tall and 27 feet long. The smallest carving of the bull is so small, that you can place 10 of them inside the toenail, or the dewclaw of the largest bull.

But this 2 inch bull is not really the smallest carving in the temple, some of the carvings are even smaller. This carving is less than 2 inches tall and shows Lord Shiva and we can even identify the weapons and objects he is holding in his multiple hands. Here is a lion which is just one and a half inch long, it is a shame that the temple has gone through many centuries of corrosion, many of these carvings have deteriorated. Here is the dancing elephant god, which is even smaller, he is just one inch long. You can see his crown, pot belly and his arms and legs in a dancing posture. Of course, we have to wonder how ancient builders were able to create 1 inch carvings, 850 years ago. Remember I showed you the skulls in Hoysaleswara temple, these are also one inch wide. They are completely hollow and you can pass a twig through one of the ears and can pull it out through the eyes.  Were these amazing carvings created using advanced machines or with primitive tools?

But there are carvings even smaller than this at the Darasuram Temple, here is a  carving less than 1 inch wide and actually consists of two figures, Lord Shiva and his wife in a sitting posture. This means that each figure is less than half an inch in size. Even today, you can see that people smear saffron powder on this carving as a ritual, this ritual has corroded this carving to a considerable extent, but even after eight centuries, we are able to identify these half inch gods because of their features.

But all this is nothing, because we are only looking at the full carvings, we have to examine the details on the carvings to really appreciate ancient technology. Here is Lord Shiva in the form of a beggar, and look carefully and you will see a begging bowl in his hand. This bowl is carved to the size of black pepper or pepper corn, which is just 4 millimeters wide. Here is the wife of Shiva and you can see the religious dot on her forehead, this less than 2 millimeters. You can even see the smile on her face, Some of the details are so small even to capture with my camera, but if you visit this temple, please do examine these pillars. But be very careful, because – see these designs, which look like Egyptian pyramids, the tips of these pyramids are less than 1 millimeter wide and they will prick you like needles. And this is after eight hundred and fifty  years of corrosion, so imagine how sharp they must have been, when they were first created.

But the question is, how can anyone create needle sharp carvings on solid rocks with primitive tools like chisels and hammers?  I mean, less than 1 millimeter wide? How did ancient builders accomplish this? Showing emotions if the figures are smiling or frowning on one inch carvings? Half inch deities, recognizable after 850 years of corrosion? A bowl the size of black pepper, just 4 millimeters wide? Sharp points with less than 1 millimeter that can still prick like needles? Were these created with primitive tools or were ancient builders using advanced technology?

Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

– Praveen Mohan