Russian TV on my Findings about Ancient Indian Technology

Hey guys, recently Russia’s Federal TV also known as Ren TV aired a program about ancient Indian Technology used in Warangal Fort. I visited Warangal Fort last year and made several videos about it, including how it was a mass manufacturing site and it had employed Rock Melting Technology.  The Russian TV has compiled all my videos about Warangal Fort and Ramappa Temple and discussed several aspects of this including how I show tapping on one rock produces different sounds. They have also mentioned the floating rock technology, found in these ancient sites.

Last year, the Russian TV broadcasted my findings about Hoysaleswara Temple – how the pillars were machined, gadgets carved in temples, lathe technology and about various baffling carvings. This year, they have taken up Warangal Fort and Ramappa Temple. Within one year, the brilliance of ancient Indian technology has been aired in TVs in Russia and the US. Thailand national TV also featured a program about ancient India. The crew came to India and documented the carvings I found in Hindu temples.

I did a few interviews on Indian TVs as well, and I even did a demonstration of the ancient Indian battery which is capable of producing electricity. I have explained this battery fully in a different video and I have even made bulbs work with this battery. This is all because of your support, my subscribers have been so supportive of my work and have shared my content everywhere.  Many contributors around the world have also given so many translations to my YouTube videos – look at the list of languages people have been translating my videos into, I really appreciate this kind of support and I hope you can also add translations, if you speak a different language.

Now, what is the point of getting all this information broadcasted in TV shows around the world?  Mainstream historians and archeologists are painting a picture that ancient civilizations had uncivilized people and they used very primitive technology. All this evidence that we are broadcasting, will expose these lies and show how ancient builders were very sophisticated and used advanced technology, just like what we use today. I will try my best to explore more ancient sites and come up with more information and show you the truth.

Praveen Mohan


Ancient Warangal Fort – A Mass Manufacturing Megalithic Factory?

Hey guys, today let us take a look at the famous Warangal Fort in India. This is one of the strangest ancient sites, at first look, we can see thousands and thousands of rocks, cut in various shapes, strewn all over this site. I mean you can literally find any geometric shape you want in this site – this is extraordinary stone work.

When you hear the name Warangal Fort, you expect to see a fort or fortifications or crude walls, but here you will find some of the most beautiful carvings, this was definitely not built as a fort. . A fort does not need such beautiful, artistic carvings and complex geometric shapes. Historians also agree that this site is not a fort, but they merely call this a fort, because it is surrounded by fortifications many miles away, but they have no idea what the actual purpose of this place was. Why do we have so many rocks piled up? And in these piles, we can also find some of the most exotic Hindu Gods lying in the dirt. These statues are priceless and are actually worth millions of dollars. In India, you can see they are just left lying around in dirt.

Because we find several idols like this, some have argued that this site was built as a temple, and it was later ruined. Was this site, once an ancient temple? and was it ruined by nature or humans? If you examine the site carefully, you can find something weird. There are at least a dozen different types of rocks. This is Red Stone, this is black basalt, and this is granite. This is bizarre, because if a temple was built with a combination of all these rocks, it will look ugly. All Hindu temples are usually built with the same type of rock, it would be impossible to use so many types of rocks for constructing a single temple.

And the entrances to this confirm that this was not a temple. The entire site is surrounded by 4 entrances which are just incredibly huge, they are each 33 feet tall. There are no walls surrounding it either, this is very unique, a temple does not need such tall entrances and Hindu temples always have an outer wall around them. If this was not a temple and this was not a fort, what was going on here? What was the actual purpose of this site?

No one has come up with a solid answer to this question, but after analyzing this place carefully, I can say this entire place was built as a manufacturing site, as a factory for mass manufacturing, megalithic stone objects. Now, what I am saying goes against all the theories of archeologists and historians. They believe that every ancient temple was built by local artisans and stone masons, who cut stone blocks and carved statues on site, within the temple premises. But Warangal Fort shows something extraordinary, it shows that the pillars, statues, and even blocks for walls were built at a completely different location, a mass manufacturing site. This was the purpose of this site.

Look at these rectangular blocks for example, there are hundreds of them. They have the most amazing geometrical patterns, and each one is different from the others. What are these rectangular blocks? If we visit the temples around this area, you will realize that these blocks are actually centerpieces of ceilings in Hindu temples. All Hindu temples, have these blocks fixed on top of the main deity. There is usually one such piece in each temple. And we find hundreds of these ceiling pieces in this site, this proves that these pieces were created here to be transported to hundreds of different temples. Look at all these blocks, do you see what they are? This is just scrap, left over from mass manufacturing, just like how we get scrap metal from a metal processing company.
And the location of this site confirms this, Warangal Fort is located at the dead center and hundreds of temples are built all around it. This information is stunning because it shows that whoever built this civilization had extraordinary intelligence, this kind of planning, logistics and implementation does not even exist today in India. Having a central manufacturing site at a perfect location to transport finished stone blocks to all the temples. This is fantastic.

But the question is WHY? What is the need to have a central manufacturing site for just temple parts? Why can’t they just cut stone blocks and carve statues on the temple site itself? Now, why do we mass manufacture anything? When we need a car, why don’t we build our own car and let the car company manufacture it? Because, mass manufacturers use advanced machining technology, which you and I don’t have. This is why mass manufacturers exist. Is it possible that Warangal Fort was also using advanced machining technology? Is this why they were able to create thousands of these temple parts? I mean look at this lingam. Is it possible to create it with chisels, hammers and just primitive tools? Take a look at these ceiling parts. They look incredible, but if you pick any one of them, and try to explain it in words, you understand the how complex these blocks are. For example, this one has a protruding bud in the center, Note that it also has 8 small petals ready to come out on top of it. The bud is sitting on another small circle and is surrounded by 3 perfect circles which are concentric, and they all have many petals carved on them. All these circles are placed in a perfect square which fits inside a perfect rhombus, flanked by 4 small squares, and everything is fit inside this bigger square. And this is all done in 3 dimension, this is not on painted on paper. There are so many protrusions and depressions. If you look at these flower like patterns, I mean they look amazing from the top, but when you look at them from the side, they actually look like petals coming out in 3D. And if you touch these petals, it can literally cut your fingers, that’s how sharp the finish is. It is impossible to do this with primitive tools. We have clear evidence of drilling technology on this site, they must have had drilling tools to accomplish this level of drilling. And how do we explain these minute holes found in these carvings?

Look at this polygonal lingam which is in ruins. Observe the sides and the finish on the surface. And look at the bottom, Was it really made with primitive tools? Take a look at this pillar, you can literally use this flat surface as a mirror, if you pour water on top of this surface. If I give you a chisel and hammer today, can you achieve this level of polishing?

And look at this Latticework, these are called Jali in India. We have people who insist that these were created using geopolymer technology, even though we believe that this technology was invented only in the last century.
Whether these are geopolymers or rocks, one thing is certain: ancient builders were definitely using advanced machining technology, and Warangal Fort was the mass manufacturing factory. They were mass manufacturing these pieces and then transporting them to various locations of the temples, and whoever designed this entire set up must have had very high intelligence.

I keep saying whoever, because archeologists and historians establish something very clearly. There are no inscriptions on this site, and the origin of Warangal Fort is shrouded in mystery. Some people think it was built by a dynasty called Kakatiyas, but we have solid evidence that this structure predates these rulers by centuries, may be even by thousands of years. Nobody really knows who set up this ancient manufacturing site, and how long it operated. Did we once have an ancient civilization with advanced technology which was eventually wiped out? The people who came here after many centuries, merely inherited these stones, and they must have had very limited knowledge because they actually tried to put these pieces together, and build structures. Here you can see how they have pieced the ceiling blocks to make a wall. This was not a good idea and obviously you can see why their attempt failed. Not to mention the Islamic Invader Alauddin Khalji who invaded this place. His army tried to deface each and every stone block which had human or animal figures, but I think he simply could not finish the destruction. This is an elephant, but now it looks almost like a pig. And experts confirm that the invaders also took many of the rectangular stone blocks from here and built this structure called Kush Mahal, which is just half a mile away.

The human beings in the 12th century had very limited intelligence, they were pretty much like us: They had wars, looted and damaged everything, and they just thought that these were pieces of a temple that needed to be put together. The ancient civilization was definitely far more advanced, we can literally see this by looking at their machining technology. These circular parts cannot be created without lathe machines. Look at the perfect circle, but then look at it in 3 dimension, look at the turning and the steps of this structure, this cannot be created without a lathe machine. In a previous video, I showed you an ancient lathe set up, lying in the dirt in Hampi. And look at this square slot in the center, and look at the identical slot in Warangal fort.
All these parts are were created in lathe machines, and then assembled with these pillars in various temples. All these pillars which are fully assembled were put together by the archeology department.

There are also solid, monolithic pillars, exquisitely carved, lying on the ground. They have beautiful designs and deities carved on them. And we can also see independent statues of animals like this lion for example, this is my personal favorite statue here. It looks like it was molded, just like how we melt and cast plastic. Now, remember we saw so many varieties of rocks. These rocks like granite and black basalt are very hard rocks and basically, you would need a harder material to cut them. Today we use diamond tipped tools. Were ancient builders using diamond tipped tools, I mean how did they make such precision cuts? The hardness of the rock is so important, it would be impossible to cut such hard rocks with simple tools.

I think all this is definitive proof of lost ancient technology and high tech machining, and confirms that Warangal Fort was built as a mass-manufacturing factory. What do you think? Was Warangal Fort built as a mass manufacturing site for megalithic stones? Please let me know your thoughts in the comments section.

Praveen Mohan

Ancient Kailasa Nathar Temple was NOT built with Stones? Advanced Technology Revealed!

Hey guys, today we are going to look at a very different technology used many centuries ago in India. This ancient site is known as Warangal Fort and it is a massive site which is completely in ruins now. You can see that it does not look like a fort at all, but this place is called a fort because there are many levels of fortifications and defense systems around this, but they have a much larger circumference, so we can’t see them from here. Today, let’s specifically look at how these rocks were cut. When you first enter the site, you are amazed at the thousands of rocks that are just strewn around like piles of garbage. When you examine these rocks closely, you are amazed because ..just see how complex each block is. How were the magnificent structures created? Archeologists and historians are adamant and claim that all these structures were built using nothing more than primitive tools and hard labor. Is this true? Or did ancient builders use advanced technology and high-tech machines to accomplish this feat?

Let us take a look at these stone artifacts. They have a strange Latticework done on them and are called as Jali in India. Each Jali Stone has many holes and looks like a ventilator or a window, but these are not straight slots or round holes. Each hole has many corners. But this is not the real problem, it is quite possible to carve a hole with many corners using simple tools. The problem is, all these multi-cornered holes are perfectly identical to one another. Experts are shocked at how precisely identical their dimensions are, they are perfect down to the millimeter. If we observe carefully, these designs look as though they have been made using a mechanical device like a cookie cutter. Experts agree that such precision is not possible manually. Did ancient builders use some kind of a cookie cutter like device to make these type of structures? Geologists have not examined these structures fully, but they think most of these Jalis are made of black basalt, a very hard rock. Forget ancient technology, we still don’t have a cutting device which can cut identical shapes on hard rocks like black basalt. We would have to use a computer and CNC machines to create these identical slots. Did ancient builders use something like CNC machines? Or did they use some other technology?

But this identical design is not just limited to holes, they are also seen in other blocks. For example look at this series of Lions – there are many lions in this block, but if you observe them carefully, they look identical. Remember, this site was destroyed by the Sultan of Delhi for religious reasons, and historians confirm that these stones were lying in rain and shine for at least 700 years. But even after 700 years of erosion, corrosion and willful destruction, we can only see minor damages. Look at the three dimensional gaps between them. Is it manually possible to carve underneath these areas or were they using machines like engraving, carving and drilling machines?

Historians and archeologists vehemently argue that ancient builders did everything with chisels and hammers and did not use rotating machines, but this site provides some solid evidence that drilling machines were used in ancient times. Here we can see a perfectly drilled hole. Do these look like chisel marks? You can see these concentric circles caused by the flutes of a drill bit. Archeologists confirm that these are in fact ancient tool marks. This is how it looks after lying in rain and shine for at least 700 years and look at how perfect it looks. Imagine how it would have looked when it was created. So we know as a matter of fact that ancient builders were using rotating drilling and carving machines, but is this how these Jalis are made? Even with mechanized carving tools, it would still be impossible to make such identical holes. So, they must have used some other kind of technology to create these designs.

To understand this, we need to look at how Jalis are made today. In India, Jali making is not only considered an ancient art, but Jalis are still widely used in rural homes even today. So, how do they make these identical designs? The answer is quite simple, they don’t use hard substances like rocks, they use soft substances like clay or liquid cement and then cast them into identical pieces. For example, we can pour concrete or put wet cement into a cast and after it solidifies, it looks and feels as hard as a rock. Surprisingly, the Jali makers of India whose families have been working in this field for many centuries tell us that this is exactly the same process they have been doing for many centuries. Today, they are using concrete, but in ancient times they used some other powders or liquid material to create ancient Jalis.

Are these Jalis in Warangal Fort really made of black basalt? Or are they made of some other materials which merely look like black basalt? Today, we use materials called Geopolymers, and we use them to build various structures. The geopolymers are soft, powdery, and are even liquids and are made of the same material as rocks and can be cast into any desired size or complex designs. Once they solidify and harden, it will be impossible to tell the difference between geopolymers and regular rocks, unless you take a sample and examine its components. Some experts have claimed this is how the Pyramid of Giza was built – according to them, these huge stone blocks are not stone blocks at all, they are geopolymer blocks. If we visit any industry which creates Geopolymer blocks using casting, we can see large tanks being used for pouring, storing and periodic usage of geopolymer liquid. Is this why Warangal Fort has these gigantic tanks?

Perhaps these tanks were also used to store and use geopolymer liquid. Were ancient builders in India, using the same technology of pouring geopolymers and casting them into desired shapes? To understand this, we need to go to one of the oldest Temples in India. This temple called the Kailasanathar temple, is at least 1300 years old. Some historians believe that this South Indian Temple served as a model of the famous Kailasa Temple in Ellora Caves. While the Kailasa Temple in the North is known for its extraordinary Rock Cutting Technology, this temple in the South is famous for something very mysterious. The rocks which make up this temple are not rocks at all. According to locals in this town and the priest of this temple, these are geopolymer blocks.

Listen to what the priest says. These walls and statues in this temple show some strange details, they don’t show the properties of normal rocks. Archeologists insist that these are made of sandstone, however many of these statues and walls have become flaky, and are slowly peeling off – this is not how sandstone behaves. And we can see something much more startling – We can see bricks laid inside these statues, and covered with rock like coating. This is definitely a sign of geopolymers because if these blocks are made of solid sandstone, it would be impossible to place bricks inside. So ancient builders were definitely using geopolymers as liquids or powders and casting them into desired shapes.

But what’s really fascinating is the number of attempts by the archeology department to renovate this temple. The temple was in very good condition until 1910, when the Archeology Department, which was then under British control decided to apply plaster on the walls and carvings in the name of preservation. However, immediately after the application of Plaster, the structure began disintegrating rapidly. The components of the geopolymer must have had a chemical reaction with the plaster, so the temple walls started peeling off. The archeology department has tried unsuccessfully at least 5 times in the last century to somehow maintain the temple, but after the initial reaction in 1910, the temple never came back to its original state, it is actually declining every year. So, I think there is no doubt that ancient builders were using geopolymer technology and I think Kailasanathar temple and Warangal Fort structures clearly prove this beyond any doubt.

But the structures in Warangal fort have not disintegrated because they have not been tampered with artificial chemicals. And Warangal fort area has some fascinating evidence like the floating rocks. Remember I have already shown you in a previous video, how ancient builders were creating floating rocks. This rock is not a naturally occurring rock, these rocks were in fact molded and cast artificially. Today, we use the same technology and call them Autoclaved Aerated Concrete or AAC blocks. So, geopolymer technology was definitely available in ancient times, however we cannot confirm if these artifacts were cast using geopolymers, unless we examine a sample in a lab.

So, what do you think? Did ancient builders in India use geopolymers? Or were these carved on solid stone using simple tools?

Praveen Mohan


Sacred Secret of Warangal Gates (Kakatiya KalaThoranam)

Hey guys, today let us take a look at the so-called “Warangal Gates”. In my last video, we saw that these ancient structures are not entrances or gates, so let’s try to understand why these were built. Most experts haven’t really examined these structures, but we are going to look at them carefully. On the very top of this gate, there is a straight slot, almost a laser cut slot right in the middle, and you can see the Sun shining through it. Initially, I thought this was a sculptor’s mistake, but this slot has been created intentionally on all 4 gates and we do see them on East, West, North and South gates. But these are not identical. On top of these gates, you can see these Key hole like openings. The position of these slots are made on different keyholes on different gates.

Let’s start from the East Side gate, and here you can see that this slot is made on the 4th hole from the left. The position of the slot is at three and a half Keyholes or 3.5. Now, if you go to the exact opposite structure on the other end, the west side gate has a slot on the 3rd hole from the left, not the 4th hole as in the East gate. So, the position of the slot at the west gate is 2.5.Now, remember I am observing everything from the center of this site, and if you see the east and west gates side by sides, this is how they look, they are not identical. The position of the slots are different.

Of course, experts will argue that these are simple mistakes made by primitive sculptors and have no meaning at all. But I will show you why experts are wrong. Now, let’s go to the gate on the North Side, and again the straight slot is at the 4th keyhole or at 3.5. If you look at the opposite gate at the South side, the slot appears on the 3rd keyhole or 2.5. So you can see the pattern like this: The East and West are 3.5 and 2.5 and the North and South are again 3.5 and 2.5. What is the meaning of this complex pattern? This proves that there is something fundamentally wrong about our history books, we have not evolved from a primitive civilization into a much more advanced civilization over many centuries. Instead, the more we look at ancient sites, the more we realize that our generation does not have the capability to understand what they were doing.

But we are looking at these gates from the human point of view and we are observing these gates from the center of this site. If you pretend that you are a giant and these gates were small lego blocks, you would stand outside the site, and look at them from one direction. If you go outside this site and look at the East gate, you suddenly realize that the slot is at the 2.5 and not 3.5. Now, if we look at both east and west gates from the outside standing at any one point, these slots are actually identical. Again, if you go outside on the north side for example, and look at both North and South gates, the position of the slots will be the same. The entire confusion of these slots at the third or 4th keyhole occurs because we are looking at it from the human point of view, standing in the center of this massive site.

These gates are all designed to be exactly 33 feet tall, and are positioned at the exact cardinal directions.  Now, if I go outside the eastern gate and shine a laser beam parallel to the ground, through this slot, the beam would pass exactly through the slot on the western gate. Of course, there would be a particular day in the year, when the sun rises and a beam of light would pass through this slot on the east and exit through the slot on the western gate. We would have to have astronomers calculate this particular day and its importance.

If we place a long pole between these slots on the eastern gate and western gate, and place another pole between the north and south gates, these poles would meet at the center of this site and create 4 quadrants. And these poles would cast shadows on the ground which can tell time down to the accuracy of seconds, and could also be used as a calendar with various features. India does have many of these giant astronomical instruments in places like Jantar Mantar… for example,  these instruments are very large and are based on ancient Vedic texts. We could make an extremely advanced instrument on this site because there are so many different features carved on these structures and it is hard to understand what they stand for. For example,  you can see 7 buds for 7 days of the week, and there are 6 keyholes, 1/2 for each month of the year, and pay special attention to how some keyholes are partially closed and some are open, these details also differ between the gates. Now, keep in mind that there are northern and southern gates as well and imagine how they would have been used.

And these structures go beyond mere astronomical purposes. What’s really fascinating is that these gates have statues of birds sitting on their sides. These birds are made of a material different from the rest of the structures. They are made of green basalt, a special type of rock. All the gates have these birds,  but the north gate doesn’t have these birds, the spots are left empty. And what’s interesting is that green basalt has some very strong magnetic properties. Why were these magnetic birds not placed on the North gate alone? I am sure you can examine these aspects yourself.

The geometry and the numbers on this site also have some baffling, sacred aspect to them. Why was the number 33 chosen as the height of these structures? Researchers of ancient mysteries know that the number 33 is very important. There are 33 vertebrae in our spine. There are 33 Gods called  traya(s)triṃśat in the Vedic texts. In the western world, the number 33 has many strange connections including 33 years in the life of Jesus and the ancient freemason system uses a system of 33 degrees and so on.

Now the distance between the eastern and western gates is 433 feet, and the distance between the northern and southern gates is 480 feet. This seems like nothing, but the ratio of these distances gives 1:  1.108 which is again a sacred ratio in Hinduism. Of course, these are just some of the basics of sacred geometry found in this site, and there is a lot of advanced information embedded on these structures, but this video just gives you a basic idea about the so-called Warangal gates. I think it is time to stop mentioning them as gates and start thinking of them as ancient devices or instruments, what do you think? Please leave your thoughts in the comments section.

-Praveen Mohan

Underground Temple of Secret Rituals – Warangal Fort, India


Hey guys, this is an ancient underground temple near Warangal Fort, it doesn’t have a name and is completely abandoned. This is an isolated place and gets no visitors and is estimated to be at least 800 years old.  I am gonna take you inside the temple and we can see some very strange details and secret rituals happening inside the temple. The temple is located at the underground level, and there is only one side that this completely open, and on all the other sides, it is totally covered with dirt. It has a very low ceiling, and it gets lower and lower as we go into the main chambers.

What’s really fascinating is that, this place shows evidence of strange rituals. On the floor, you can see a lot of chicken feathers, alcohol bottles, and  pieces of lemon stuck on a thin rod. Of course we can assume that some guys were just drinking and cooking here, but you can also see religious items like saffron powder strewn all over the floor, and also matchsticks and candles. This means there was some kind of a black magic ritual performed here.  Locals say that a group called ‘Kapalikas’ gather here during new moon nights and indulge in strange rituals including meat eating and drinking. The term Kapalika means “Skull-Men”, these people carry human skulls and are sometimes even known to worship skulls. Remember, I showed you the temple of crystal skull a few weeks back? This temple is very similar in appearance to that one, and I think there could be a connection between the two.

What’s intriguing about this temple is that even though it is abandoned, it doesn’t have any bats, but is home to a lot of insects, here is a lizard and as we go into the main chamber, we begin to see a lot of spider webs. There are huge spiders all over the walls. The entrances are very short, less than 5 feet. This chamber has no deities, no idols and is completely empty. The only fascinating part is the ceiling which has a nice spiral design. But this temple has 2 main chambers and I am gonna go inside the next chamber and try to identify what the main deity would have been.  You can see that the floor of this chamber is completely destroyed, but this broken uprooted stone structure is actually a lingam. So, this was definitely a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. I wonder why these stone structures were completely demolished and why this temple was abandoned. You can see rich paintings on the walls and the ceiling, and this must have been a very beautiful place with lots of visitors, many centuries ago.  And I have already shown you these pillars, made of multiple blocks and how they were joined in my previous video. I hope someday, the government can restore this temple to its original shape. Please share this video with your friends to spread awareness about abandoned ancient temples.

– Praveen Mohan

Evidence of Ancient Machining Technology at Warangal Fort?

Hey guys, this is an ancient site called Warangal Fort and you are looking at some of the most amazing carvings to your left and right, carved at least 800 years ago. But your eyes are naturally attracted to what’s in the center, and you realize that this cylinder is completely out of place. Now, why do you feel this way, why do you think this lingam is an Out of place artifact?

Because your brain instantly and intuitively knows that this lingam could not have been made without machines. This is why it looks so odd. All these brilliant carvings around this, can be made with simple tools like chisels and hammers, but this cylinder cannot be made with primitive tools, such a perfect cylinder can be made only with high tech machines.

This is not where it was originally found. Archeologists unearthed this lingam which was buried for many centuries and placed it on this pedestal which is carved with simple tools. While digging up this lingam, these scratches were made on it, and examining this lingam using precision tools revealed something shocking. It is a perfect cylinder with no visible tool marks at all. How was such precision achieved in ancient times?

Look at the level of finishing, I can use the top of the lingam as a mirror. I am not going to use this priceless piece for demonstration, but I will pick something less polished instead. How about this pillar on the same site, the finishing doesn’t look as great as the lingam, but when I pour water, you should be able to see my reflection. Imagine how fantastic this would work on the lingam. And Lingams are almost always placed facing east, so imagine how it would look when the first sunrays fall on it.

Now the real problem is in finding out how ancient builders made this lingam 800 years ago. Is it possible that they chiseled it into a crude cylinder, and then polished it manually with simple abrasives such as sand, to achieve this level of perfection? But experts who examined this lingam with precision instruments point out to something extraordinary. The roundness or concentricity of the cylinder, the lack of taper, and the straightness of the cylinder, were so perfect, that they concluded it cannot be achieved with hand tools at all. Such precision can be achieved only with machines.

Now, let me ask you a question, can we make a perfect cylinder today, with simple tools? Forget that this lingam is made of black basalt, a very hard rock.  Imagine this is as soft as clay. Can we make a perfect cylinder using clay, simply by shaping it with hand tools? Engineers confirm that making a perfect cylinder is impossible unless we use a rotating mechanism, at least as primitive as a potter’s wheel. The only way, even to make a clay cylinder is to place it on a rotating wheel. So, we can be sure that this cylinder, was not made by chisels, but a rotating mechanism was definitely involved. Now, the natural question is, did ancient builders place this lingam on a potter’s wheel and rotate it manually, and make it into a perfect cylinder?

We are going to forget that this rock is very hard, and we are also going to forget that we would need a harder tool like steel or diamond to work on it. Let us simply assume that the ancient builders did have steel or diamond tipped tools. We are only going to focus, if we can recreate this cylinder today, by manually rotating it on a potter’s wheel.

Human beings cannot turn a wheel for more than a maximum speed of 150 rpm, if we place a rock of this size and make a wheel accordingly. But engineers confirm, that if such a slow speed was employed, the cylinder would be full of circular tool marks, and would look nothing like this lingam. To achieve this level of perfection, the cylinder would have to be rotated at a minimum speed of 2000 rpm, which is 13 times faster than what is humanly possible. So, it is impossible to create something like this without using advanced technology. This leaves us with only one question: what kind of machines did ancient builders use? Perhaps the mystery can solved by looking at this strange symbol, carved on the lingam itself.

-Praveen Mohan